In 1892, British colonists discovered the African violet (Saintpaulia ionantha), growing on wet mossy rocks in their native Tanzanian habitat. After more than 100 years of breeding of these plants, the key to their healthy growth is still firmly rooted, literally, how do you water them. You can repeat the irrigation method, which is based on a natural way of how plants get their water from the wet moss growing on the rocks, using one of two methods of watering from the bottom.
Although wet moss keeps the roots of African violets constantly moist in their native environment, rocky substrate below the moss provides good drainage. The roots are not in the porous pereuvlazhnyat moss, and the excess water flows down sharply due to the impassable cliffs. Cultivated African violets that grow as perennials in zones 11 and 12 winter hardiness the USDA, thrive in evenly moist, soilless mixture containing equal parts of peat moss and vermiculite or perlite. African violets do not have deep roots – think about how they grow on rocks.
Violets relatively whimsical watering. Watering frequency depends on the season. An important condition for good growth violet – an adequate, but not excessive watering soft, well-defended water at room temperature. At high humidity, they bloom profusely. In the room with dry, hot air violets grow very poorly. When the heating is included, it is necessary to put containers with water.
Important! During watering can not pour water on the leaves. If water droplets fall on the leaves or stalks, it can begin to develop rot. Wicking gives the best results.
If you have plants grown in containers, choose a shallow pots to mix for potting could not contain more water than the roots can absorb. Typically, a 4-inch pot is the biggest that you must use in order to prevent root rot due to waterlogged soil.
wick watering method[/caption]
Suitable wicking materials include nylon yarns and cotton thread.
Wet wick and pass it through the drain hole in the pot with the plants tied knot to hold it in place, leaving a length of 10 cm above node inside the pot. Pass the wick through the central opening of the tank, cutting it where it reaches the bottom of the tank, and fill the water tank. Replace the tank cap and set your pot of African fiolkoy top cover. The wick should keep the soil constantly moist but not soggy. If the soil is too wet, use a thinner wick. If the soil is moist enough, use a larger fuse.
No matter what method you use irrigation, you can kill two birds with one stone, watering and fertilizing at the same time. African violets are valued for their flowers, plants are allowed to emit best when they receive a continuous supply of fertilizers. 20-20-20 fertilizer solution is made of 1/4 teaspoon of fertilizer diluted in 4 liters of water, it works well for plants that you are growing under artificial lighting. If your plants get natural light but not direct sun, use 1/8 teaspoon of fertilizer per 4 liters of water.
African violets are resting in a dormant period in winter, during which you can stop fertilize until new growth resumes. Every few months removed from the tank plants with irrigation system or saucer systems and water plants, until the water drain freely from the pots to wash away the accumulated salts and minerals.