Spring blooms of many colors, which is a symbol of the arrival of spring. Among these colors – favorite primroses, early plant that requires very little maintenance.
What is primroses? In botanical terms, this primrose (Primula) and some other species belonging to the family of Primulaceae (Primul?ceae) The family primroses There are more than 1000 species of Primulaceae.
Type: flowering plant
Height: 60 cm
The color of the petals: red, pink, yellow, orange, purple, blue, white, colorful
Flowering from February to April
Location: partial shade or sunny place
Soil type: well-drained with the addition of humus
Diseases and pests: ramulyarioz
Flower, consisting of five overlapping petals, can have many colors, and some species even bi-colored. Primrose can be of all colors, from white to dark red, including all shades. Among the unusual species of primroses can be found with large two-tone colors, or even striped and spotted. Semi-stability and relief foliage located in the outlet.
Primula room: care at home
Additional information!grown in a pot on a window sill or in the garden, primroses withstand low temperatures, so they can be put on a balcony or terrace, much earlier than the other balcony plants.
They have flowers of different bright colors that adorn even the saddest space.
They are very decorative due to the large number of varieties and colors. Since February, at garden centers primrose sold in pots, and are often grown as annuals.
Primula vulgaris can be a pleasant interior decoration, but only for a short time. It brings a spring mood in the apartment, although the real spring is still far. This tiny plant is full of energy, and it is so easy to grow that children can cope with it. Put them in a cool, bright place.
- high humidity;
- scattered sunlight;
- relatively low temperature (+ 15 ° C).
Depending on the variety, from primrose blossoms appear in early spring, summer or winter.
Primula room how to care
In the cold days it is better to grow primula in a cool place. The overheated rooms, with a dry air, the plants suffer and often die. On the contrary, they are noticeably thrive in a cool place.
If the frost will disappear, you can move the plant outside in a protected sunny place. It can be a balcony, terrace, courtyard. Even if a sudden cold days are coming, just covered with plants nonwoven fabric or paper.
With proper care, you can enjoy the flowers at least a month. They need a lot of light to bloom, but they do not tolerate direct sunlight.
Long-term primrose room loves moisture, so they must be watered regularly. Defended watered with water as necessary, but it must be remembered that the base of the flower should never dry out completely.
A signal that the flowers should be watered – this is their withering. However, it is not necessary to allow the plant to this state.
Note!You have to be careful to water the roots directly, rather than plants. These flowers are particularly sensitive to water that falls on their petals. First, there are the dirty brown spots, and later they may start to rot. The most sensitive varieties of white flower.
Fertilizer for these plants is not necessary, but can be every two weeks to feed them with organic fertilizers.
It is also important to regularly remove withered flowers and yellowed leaves.
For planting in the pots give preference to a mixture of peat ground.
Potted primrose should be planted in pots with a layer of gravel or expanded clay balls on the bottom to ensure good drainage of the soil.
Even if you do not have a garden, you do not need to throw primrose. After flowering, transplant them into a new substrate and regularly look after them: water and fertilize.
Depending on the variety, plants can be planted in open ground (in flower beds, borders, flower beds and t. D.). If the room primroses no longer producing new flowers, you can plant it in the garden. Choose a slightly shaded area in the flower garden. Very inappropriate very dry and sunny place. Primrose prefer relatively shady and cool place.
Additional information!A prerequisite for an abundant flowering of garden perennials is that they should be placed in a bright place (no direct sunlight), so that there was no draft.
If the soil is heavy, it is recommended to add a little sand to lighten it. The soil should be nutritious and slightly damp. Plants are fed from time to time during the season. Primrose in the open field are hardy and tolerate frost. They can spend the winter without problems, just snowless winter with severe frosts recommended to cover them. A few years later the bushes can be divided, that they were not crowded.
Used as a houseplant, Primula malacoides decorate the space.
- An important prerequisite for an abundant flowering is regular watering.
- The land in the pot should never dry out for a long time.
- It is necessary to beware of bays that cause root rot and death of the plant.
- There is no need to fertilize the primrose.
- To get more rich and long flowering primrose, dry buds are removed regularly.
Primroses can be planted in spring, autumn or winter. As they can bloom all year round, depending on the planting period. Using them in flowerbeds in gardens, pots require no special maintenance. Bright primrose will delight in the room.
Diseases and pests
The flower is very popular with slugs, aphids and red spider. It is also susceptible to gray mold and rust. Gray mold is often caused by excessive moisture.
Use ash or Bordeaux mixture as protection against disease. Juice petals primrose sweet, and the birds love them peck.
Useful properties and harm
Primula has a calming, antispasmodic, expectorant, diuretic, purifying, decongestant properties. It is recommended for headaches, colds, rheumatism and coughing.
Primrose is not poisonous, but you should be careful when handling certain types of primrose. They may contain a substance that irritates the skin. Therefore, the recommended process flowerbeds in gardens gloves.