Dieffenbachia (Dieffenbachia maculata) originally hails from the tropical forests of Central and South America and belongs to the Arum family (Araceae). Due to their decorative leaves, it is one of the most popular houseplants. This popular flower has many species, on average, of which there are 35 species.
They all vary in size sheet, different patterns of leaves have all kinds of thick leaves with a bright pattern that grows on strong stems. Large species reach a height of 2 m and smaller -. 1 m to growing shrub, has the short thick stems with large leaves petiolate.
The popular indoor plant brings to the interior of the notes of the tropics, attracts attention with its size and large green leaves with unique designs. Large elongated leaves (up to 25 cm in length) are narrowed at the end.
Depending on the type of leaves different pattern: green with dots, dashes, stripes, dots, light green, yellow, green, white.
Care dieffenbachia at home</ h3>
Plant care requires knowledge, because climate of any room is very different from natural conditions. In tropical forests, it is always warm, and the daily rains provide high humidity.
With the onset of autumn and the heating season indoor plants are in the changed circumstances, and can not adapt well and therefore suffer. The lack of natural sunlight, overheating of the room and dry air – the most common causes of decay and loss of freshness.
There are many varieties and hybrids dieffenbachia, but they do not differ from each other in the use and maintenance. Flower need heat and high humidity. The plants were grown without any problems at a temperature of from 18 to 22 ° C. In winter, the optimal temperature is from 15 to 18 ° C.
ImportantDieffenbachia not tolerate the temperature below 15 ° C, temperature fluctuations and cold drafts
High humidity is important for dieffenbachia. For this plant is placed in a stand filled with water and pebbles.
Requirements for lighting in high dieffenbachia. It grows best in light or partially shaded areas. In dark places, she quickly lost color of leaves. The leaves are also sensitive to direct sunlight. They can cause burns on the leaves.
Room flower dieffenbachia feels most comfortable in the soil rich in nutrients. You can use normal potting soil, to which you can add a handful of pieces of charcoal.
Watering and humidity
How to water dieffenbachia? She likes regular watering, the soil should be kept moist but not wet. Constant watering is needed, because the plant is relatively high demand for water, but if the water is too much, there is a risk of rotting the roots.
The best way to ensure high humidity around the plants – is to put the pots in a wide saucer, filled with expanded clay and water, and regularly spray the leaves with water.
Feed up your dieffenbachia small doses of fertilizer every 14 days from spring to autumn. In winter, the need for nutrients, respectively, below and make enough food every four weeks.
Transplant Dieffenbachia about every two years, for older plants enough three-four years.Spring – the best time to transplant. The new pot should be only slightly larger than the old.
Note!The leaves contain toxins that can irritate the skin or mucous membranes. So it’s best to wear rubber gloves during the transplant.
Breeding houseplant dieffenbachia</ h4>
. Dieffenbachia In the spring can be propagated by cuttings apical length of 10 to 15 cm were cut cutting directly under the node of the stem, then removed the lower leaves. Prepared cuttings placed in a mixture of equal parts of peat and sand.
! Additional informationA high level of humidity increases the chances of success, so top dress transparent bag and place the seedling in a light place.
Minimum temperature for rooting should be about 21 ° C. The substrate is watered slightly until the stalk will not take root. After rooting transplanted to a permanent place in the ordinary potting soil.
Dieffenbachia may well reproduce by dividing the rhizomes during the transplant in the spring. Even small pieces of rhizome, with a small sprout stalk well.
Flowering dieffenbachia at home is very rare. It is grown mainly due to a very attractive leaves. 2-3 summer plant can produce flowers if it has reached a certain age. It may happen that it will bloom in March.
How to cut dieffenbachia
A special feature of this flower is a rapid growth. With proper care and good watering, it will reach a ceiling in a few years. Pruning is necessary for this reason, as well as in the case of damage to the stems.
Diseases and pests</ h3>
If the leaves wilt, curl or fall off – the reason is usually waterlogging. May develop root rot if the substrate constantly wet. Brown leaf spots occur due to burns from sunlight or dry hot air. Dry air draws spider mites.
Advantages and disadvantages of dieffenbachia</ h3>
The plant is a source of natural volatile production, located destroys her side pathogens. With this feature, dieffenbachia useful to humans, but one should be careful with it. When the juice gets on the skin irritation occurs, contact with mucous membranes causes swelling. Do not allow children or animals nearby. During transplanting plants operate with gloves. If the juice gets on your skin wash off with water.