Peperomiya relates to a family of shrubs long peppers with creeping branches. Today, there are about 1,000 species that are cultivated as ornamental plants.
In the wild they can be seen in the Indian and the American tropics. In nature peperomiya are attached to the tree trunk by type of epiphytic plants, as well as the mountain slopes.
Note!Peperomia, one of the most favorite houseplants, adapts well to home.
Juicy, heart-shaped leaves, the plant is distinguished from other indoor potted flowers. Each plant has a unique view, and attractive as potted plants, flower growers like to collect them.
Its flowers are tiny cobs or spikes. Inflorescence in the form of ears on high flower stems have a very decorative appearance, and are distinguished by a variety of forms. Culture begins to bloom in spring or summer. Flowers themselves are small and ugly. At room conditions the seeds can not be obtained. Cultivated species are considered hang-downing and ground-covering.
- Tupolistnaya – the leaves are oval, dense, dark-green color. Common as room types, but there are also varieties of ornamental garden with spotted foliage.
- Silver – a miniature look with short stems are cast pearl stripes on the leaves
- rotundifolia – creeping plant with red stems and bright green leaves, almost round and small
How to care
Peperomiya easy to grow in the house because of their simple maintenance. They love the heat, but do not require high humidity. Peperomiya not like a shadow and strong sunlight, they like bright indirect light, it is the perfect place for it.
For different kinds of conditions are different. Plants with leaves darker colors are not very whimsical to light. A variegated ornamental species is placed on the south window, but pritenyayut from the direct rays of the sun.
If in winter the plants deprived of required lighting? They will lose their decorative effect, and the leaves and flowers will grow shallow.
Peperomiya grows well in a warm room at a temperature not lower than 20C. In the summer the best rate – 25 C. But on hot days (above 30 C) plant feels bad. Also does not tolerate cold drafts.
A For more information,!In the winter while reducing watering plant becomes dormant and can be moved to cooler conditions with the air temperature 16-18 ° C, but at the same time there should be no sharp fluctuations in temperature.
Even in the spring and summer flower growers do not recommend to make the plant into the open air, in the garden or on the balcony. When the ventilation of the room is transferred deeper into the pot room away from the windows. Also, the soil in the container must not become too cold, so as not to freeze the roots. Soil mixture should not be cooled below the temperature of 17 C. If the sill cold, then warm under enclose pot materials.
For this indicator, the flower is not picky. The wild plant grows tropics at high humidity, but dry air transports flats well as some species grow in semi.
Care should be watering plants. Moderately watered every 7 – 10 days, depending on the time of year and the air temperature.
Important!peperomiya dislikes waterlogged and rotting at the base. It is necessary that the soil is completely dry before returning to water. This will help prevent root rot.
But, nevertheless, the soil should not dry out deep as the plant begins to drop leaves. The water is not fit tight, and its temperature should be a few degrees higher than the room. Excess moisture in the soil is especially dangerous in winter, even drying makes the plant more easily. When modulations are possible rotting stems, roots. If the water was more than necessary, it should be poured immediately. The average depth of the drying of the soil – 3-4 cm.
In the period of active development in the spring and summer full of mineral fertilizers to make room culture every month, fertilize houseplants in late autumn or winter it is not necessary, because it is their time to relax.
As a rule, peperomiya not need a transplant. But when the plant becomes too large for its pot, they are transplanted using a well-drained soil. Firm ground leads to the death of roots. Capacity they do not need more, because the roots themselves they do not grow much.
At any time, when the plant loses its decorative effect it may need trimming.
Ripple peperomiya simple. Most of them reproduce from cuttings leaves, like African violets. The best time for breeding – spring, but rooting can also be made in the autumn. Cuttings from the leaves or stems rooted in the soil.
Over time, the plant can run wild and lose form. Education rooting peperomiya help save it. Soil plays an important role in this process, since most varieties have small root systems, and they need well-drained soil that receives a lot of air .
Peperomiya belong to a group of plants that have few pests or diseases. Incorrect care in unsuitable conditions in the plant may rot the stem, the leaves fall off, or it loses its decorative effect.
Errors in the care
Dull-looking leaves are usually caused by too much light. Discolored leaves and flowers – this condition occurs due to over-watering.
Peperomiya – houseplant that is loved for its beautiful leaves, easy to grow, making them suitable for people leading an active lifestyle.