This heat-loving plant, and a comfortable room temperature is in the care of a flower in the summer should not fall below + 21, and in winter – less than 18, try not to create strong swings.
Location selected on the east or west side, where there is no direct sunlight, as there is ambient light. they can withstand, but decorative effect is lost momentary presence in the open sun. On the windowsill put small items – large by the window on a stand or stool.
Additional information!Humidity significantly affect the state flower. Alokaziya a native of the tropics, adapted to the humidity and the care of it is necessary to consider this fact.
At any time, it is important to spray the plant – often in the summer, winter, less often, but a drop of water should be the smallest (large droplets leave unsightly stains). To maintain the moisture content of the leaves and clean them more often need to wipe with a damp cloth. Do not interfere with flower pot set in a pan with a wet gravel or expanded clay avoiding contact with the bottom of the water.
The most basic point in the care of a flower in housing conditions – certainly watering. The lack or overabundance of moisture in the soil affect its condition. In summer the plant watered frequently.
It is necessary to monitor the soil in the pot, which should be slightly moist all the time. As oversupply and lack of moisture in the soil badly affect the roots of the flower, which can dry out or rot. The best approach – to pour a little, but often. Supernatant water is taken, a temperature not lower than + 20. After 30 minutes, drain the water from the pallet. In winter (since little sun) you need to water less often and also to monitor the state of the soil.
The soil for growing Alokaziya better to buy ready-made for decorative-deciduous plants, but it is possible to produce a substrate. Mixed in equal parts humus, peat, sand for drainage, moss (sheet or turf ground). The mixture should be loose, to pass moisture and air.
In the care and cultivation in the home should be to feed the flower organic and mineral fertilizers. In the summer will be enough once in 15 days, enough winter once a month.
It is also necessary from time to time to repot the plant, a young transplant once a year, adults – once in 2-3 years. When transplanting should try not to damage the roots and not to destroy the earth com, has exceeded flower in a larger pot and dosypaya land not forget about drainage.
The rest period at the flower
Often the plant dies back during the winter months. If the leaves turn brown and fall off, it is likely that they are simply preparing for the winter rest. Cut off all the foliage and stop watering it until the spring new shoots appear. If the flower is not asleep, still has to be reduced (but not completely terminated) watering during the winter months.
Pests and diseases
These plants are susceptible to many diseases. Root rot, leaf spot often found in Alokaziya.
Note!Symptoms of the disease are usually black or dark brown spots on leaves and yellow ring around them.
Keep the soil moist but the disease can be prevented by avoiding excessive watering, maintaining dry soil and providing air circulation around the plant.
The usual pests are mealy bugs, aphids and spider mites. Every week, you can spray the plant with warm soapy water, to prevent the occurrence of these pests.
“Elephant ears” well combined with other plants in the garden and they can be grown as an annual crop, each year updating the new plant. Dig, dried and stored in winter shaped bulb after frost foliage killed.