Kampanula (Campanula) -. Herbaceous perennial with creeping or hanging down the stems with a length of about 0.3 m Wild plants unites more than 400 species that in nature grow in Europe, in the Caucasus, in Asia, in some areas of North America – in regions with a temperate climate.
At home, just 1 cultivated species – kampanula ravnolistnaya.
Small leaves, oval or heart-shaped, give the crown lightness and tenderness. Sheet plate with notched edge with long petioles and a length of 30 to 70 mm. Long thin stems droop down under the weight of the flowers.
Note!When growing plants in hanging pots, plant shoots gracefully fall down down, and it looks like ampelnoe.
The shape of the inflorescence Campanula name means “bell”.
The popular name of this flower: Chebotok, pichuzhnitsa, bell Sinelnikov. This plant is also called “the bride and groom.” The color of flowers can be pink, purple, white, blue, purple.
In one flowerpot often planted two varieties with a contrasting color, because of the contrast of this plant is called the “bride and groom”.
How blooms Kampanula
So tender plants with a beautiful name of “bride and groom” to engage the attention. Among gardeners, he won a lot of love. In people, this plant is considered a symbol of the couple and used is often presented as a gift to the wedding. The plant blooms white sand and heavenly bells. The interior of the room where the plant is located, takes on a festive appearance.
His flowering plant pleased with the beginning of spring and until the total fall. The plant is covered with lots of beautiful stars. At home Kampanula blooming all at once, and therefore require the removal of withered buds. At room conditions largely grown ravnolistnuyu kampanulu. It is a plant with hung shoots about twenty centimeters in length. The diameter of the flowers about three centimeters. The most popular plant with white and blue flowers, but as common lilac and pink color.
for a potted flower care
It is unpretentious in the care of the culture, but that she was healthy and pleased with the bright bells, you must follow some rules for her care.
Once the plant comes into the house, he should be given time to adapt. The plants are then moved into the new pot with fresh soil. The peculiarity kampanuly are fast-growing root, so the pot should be chosen wide enough. The soil should be breathable. If there is a gardener prepare the ground yourself, then he will need humus, peat, sand and ground sheet. A prerequisite for Kampanuly – is the presence of drainage at the bottom of the pot.
When choosing a place in the apartment allow for the fact that the flower heliophilous. To bloom was abundant and long, it is better to choose bright windows. It can be placed anywhere apartment, as Kampanula loves diffused light. However, with a lack of light the plant loses its decorative effect. The most successful plant looks in hanging pots, but it should be protected from direct sunlight. The heat pritenyayut or rearranged in the less sunny place.
Important!During the heating season, if under a window sill on which flowers should have a battery, it is best to get out there.
In summer mode is the optimum temperature limits from 20 to 23 degrees Celsius. The plant can be easily placed on the balcony, loggia or simply in the garden. When winter reduce plant temperature twelve degrees. This helps prepare for the future flower bloom.
“Bride and groom” needs regular and abundant watering enough. You must use a clean, lukewarm water. The most actively watered during hot days or during the period of central heating. We can not allow waterlogging and stagnation of water. This can lead to rotting of the root system. Since the end of the autumn reduce watering to a bare minimum.
Dry air adversely affects the flower, so regular spraying saves freshen flowers. The leaves should always be clean otherwise there is a risk of mite or aphid.
Flowering greatly impoverishes the plant because “bell” blooms almost continuously for several consecutive months. In order to maintain its power needs regular fertilizing the soil. Fertilizer should be applied every two weeks, from early spring until late summer. In autumn and winter feeding is stopped renewing their spring.
NotePruning is carried out in order to stimulate flowering and growth of new shoots – to give a decorative appearance to the plant
In autumn growth room bell stops and it is necessary to prepare a hibernation. Trim all the stretched-out shoots, leaving about ten centimeters in length. Relocate in a cool, bright place.
With the onset of spring flower is transferred to a warm place, and all the dried shoots are removed. Further, transplanted into a pot even more. The plant grows too quickly and in a small pot it becomes crowded. Transplant is only possible in the autumn and spring seasons.
Propagated flower in three ways.
1. interconnexion. The plant is removed from the pot and is divided into two parts. the incision is treated with a weak solution of potassium permanganate. Then planted in different containers.
2. Cutting. Cuttings are used only on the lower parts of the shoots. After the cuttings grow by about ten centimeters tall, they begin to pinch.
3. Escape. In the spring on the plant there are fresh shoots, which are separated, perpetuate and planted as a single shrub.
As Kampanulu ornamental plants used for decoration of garden, flower beds. Bell flowers will be a nice decoration on the balcony or porch.