Features of the episption. Care and reproduction
The episcation plant (Episcia) is a representative of the Gesnery family. About 40 species belong to Episcia. In a natural habitat, it is an evergreen creeping perennial plant. It comes from tropical America, where it is grown as a soil decorative plant.
In our country, it is cultivated as a houseplant. Plant flowers can resemble African violets (SENPOLIA). Both plants belong to the Gesnery family.
Episcia Cuppreata stems are simple or branched form roots in the nodule. Oval leaves, pubescent, 5-8 cm long, 3-5 cm wide, have gear edges and form a wide outlet. The color of the leaves depends on the variety and there can be different shades: from dark green to light green, usually with silvery color around the veins.
Tubular flowers, 2.5 cm long, grow on the stems separately or more often in flower inflorescences 2-6 pcs.
Epistion with Yellow Flowers
The most common varieties with red flowers, but also there are varieties with yellow and white inflorescences. Plant flowers almost all year round.
how to cultivate the episption
The episption refers to light-affiliated plants. She needs a slightly scattered light for healthy growth and flowering.
Please note! To avoid burns, the plant should be protected from direct sunlight. Otherwise, the leaves will lose a motley color, and the flowers will scream and dried.
Conveniently, they will be on the eastern or western window, and the northern windows are suitable, and it is better to give up from southern windows. But if the windows of the apartment go south, a good place for plants will be the opposite or side wall, where the plant can be put on the shelf or chew in pots.
Episcia – Ampel Flower
They can grow well in the shade, but in order to bloom beautifully, they need enough light.
This room colors are advised to pick up the permeable soil enriched with humus. A mixture is also suitable for drowning plants, with weakly acidic soil (pH from 5.5 to 6.5). If the pH of the substrate is not suitable, Episcia will not be able to develop a healthy way. PH value is indicated on the package.
Ideally, Episcia should be planted into a substrate based on compost, sublinous soil, sand. As a result, a healthy and high-voltage plant grows, resistant to diseases and pests, while observing other care requirements.
There are no special requirements for room temperature. Plants develop well at a temperature of from 20 to 25 ° C. The flower will even withstand the heat of 35 degrees if maintaining proper humidity. The perfect room temperature should not descend below 16 ° C. At temperatures below 16 degrees, the plant dies off. In winter, it is not necessary to arrange rest.
For episction, high humidity in the room is very important. In order not to start the leaves, the plant cannot be sprayed. The optimal option is to place a pot into a container with wet pebbles. If the plant is suspended, in the pots you can put a moistened moss sphagnum.
Episcia requires moderate watering. Flower watered when the upper layer of soil is dried (about two days after watering). The soil should not dry completely.
The root company should be well moisturized with water, however, after irrigation, remove excess water from the stand. In order to avoid the development of fungal diseases, water in the container should not be stated.
For moisturizing, soft water room temperature is suitable (well-distilled or rain).
episction requires moderate irrigation
In order not to damage the sensitive roots, it is impossible to water too cool water. Water should be approximately room temperature.
In the cold period, watering is slightly reduced. Despite the fact that the plant does not have a clearly defined rest period, in the winter period it does not need such an amount of moisture as in summer. During watering, the water should not fall on the leaves of the inner flower, it is better to use the lower irrigation.
Feed the plant begin in spring, during the period of intensive growth. Complete and organic fertilizers are suitable. During the growing season, from spring to autumn, they make them every two weeks and adhere to doses specified in the instructions.
Early spring, if necessary, transplant the episption. It refers to plants that transplant every year, because they grow rapidly. It is better to choose low wide pots, since Episcia has a shallow root system. If the transplantation does not use more pots, the root comes are reduced by about 1/3 and a fresh substrate is added to the resulting space.
Additional information!To prevent stagnation of water in the roots, you need to take care of a good drainage at the bottom of the pot. At the bottom of the container should be put a layer of ceramic balls for better water removal.
Breaks a plant with cuttings, sockets and seeds. The method of reproduction by seeds is more suitable for experienced flows. Newbies are encouraged to adhere to the vegetative method. It is best to do this in the spring.
A young socket (cutting the mustache from the plant) is planted in a special small container. For rooting take a mixture of peat and sand. At room temperature about 23-24 degrees, the process will take no more than 10 days. After the socket has rooted, it is transplanted into a permanent pot.
The reproduction of cuttings is also very simple. To do this, cut the cutter with young developed shoots without side processes with 3-4 kidneys.
The stem can be rooted both in water and in the soil mixture of peat and sand. Top covered with a plastic bag. Once the root system is formed, the young plant is transplanted into the pot. They determine them with the help of the mustache, which when contacting the soil is rooted.
trimming, leaving the plant form
The episctions grow very rapidly and develops. It is important to correctly form a plant, when planting to strengthen the support. Separate shoots are regularly cutting off so that the bush looks attractive. After trimming, the plant acquires the form that most likes.
During the period of rest, from November to mid-February, watering is limited and only follows that the root com did not stop completely. The air temperature indoors is about 18 ° C at this time favorable for the plant.
pests, care errors
To make the plant look beautiful, you need to take into account certain care requirements. Episcia comfortably feels on the side of the window in the hanging pots.
Important!plant can not move and rotate, otherwise it will not work out of the leaves.
It is necessary at any cost to avoid low humidity in the room, dry substrate and its convergence.
The episctions are rarely affected by pests insects parasiticizing on plants, but in some cases, with improper care, root nematodes are attacked, torment Cherver. Insecticides are used to combat them.
Young Episcia leaves are often amazed tool, therefore, regular checks are useful, in which you can define symptoms of infection of the plant and take counter measures.
The greatest danger for the plant is rot. The reason for the development of this disease is excessive watering, insufficient lighting, maintaining low temperatures in winter.
The episcation looks sluggish even on wet soil. Such a plant is very difficult to preserve, so cuttings cut out of it. A pot in which an infected plant was discovered should be boiled or thrown away.