Room Transplant Features
In more frequent transplants, younger plants need to be replant in a larger container from year to year so that the roots and the aboveground part have a place to grow and replenish the substrate.
Please note!It is important not to overdo it with a transplant. Often transplantable plants do not bloom, but send their energy to the development of the root system.
The plant is transplanted into a pot into a bit of several centimeters more than the previous one. In an unnecessarily large floral vase plant, instead of developing the above-ground parts, will fill the substrate roots.
- for azaleas, bonsai and cacti choose smaller capacity.
- Palms love deeper and narrow vases.
In any case, floral plastic or clay pots are used with holes so that water flows into the pallet. If you put flowers into the container without a drain hole, they most likely rotate.
Selecting a suitable substrate
Nutrients The plant gets from the substrate, which also serves them for retention of the roots. A good substrate saves moisture, and at the same time is breathable.
How to choose a nutrient soil suitable for a particular plant? First, determine which plants must be transplanted. Suitable pots and substrate are chosen under their size for the planting material.
Many indoor plants grow better on special soils adapted to their needs.
Important! In any case, the land from the garden is definitely not suitable for resetting room colors! It may contain a number of pathogens of microorganisms, and for plants will not have enough nutrients.
To provide a plant with the best nutrients and ensure trouble-free growth, select the substrate and fertilizers most suitable for this type of plant. Indoor plants are very sensitive to the soil, and their health and appearance largely depends on the correctly selected composition of the soil mixture.
Please note!you need to find out in which substrate the plant needs. Do not experiment without needing with poor quality or otherwise not suitable substrate. Otherwise, you can apply unnecessary damage to the plant.
The soil for pots typically consists of ground (deciduous, turf, coniferous), sand, peat.
soil for pots
Sands are used for better water removal. He makes the soil more loose, and does not give her too compacted in a pot. Most indoor plants are most often planted in a substrate consisting of a light and dark peat, enriched with fertilizers and humus. Most plants grow well on it, which can be seen after the change in the rapid development of roots and new shoots.
Suitable substrates for indoor plants
The substrates with the addition of peat well absorb water and reduce pH, which is suitable for plants that grow in acidic soils. Sand layers provide a good air supply to roots, besides, its addition facilitates plants transplant. The roots are easy to pull out of it, they are less damaged. Rapid drying of the substrate is also characteristic of sandy grounds.
The mixtures of the fertilizer substrate contain nutrients necessary for plant growth in the first weeks after landing.
They can be supplemented with a compost from the decomposed plant residues, which supplies nutrients in a natural organic form.
The soil mixture can be prepared on their own prescription, or purchase ready-made soils from specialized stores that offer various types of substrates suitable for transplantation.
- Substrate for flowering plants is ideal for African violet and calangean.
- For decorative-deciduous plants, a substrate for palm trees and green plants is designed.
- Special substrate for cacti and succulents are sold. It penetrates perfectly and contains more sand, gravel and other impurities.
- Epipheitis substrate is suitable for inhabitants of trees and air roots, such as ferns, bromelia or orchids.
The purchased new room plant is most likely planted in a light peat substrate having a fibrous structure.
Perfect Transplant Time
Usually, indoor plants should be transplanted about every two or three years, some fast-growing species, while they are young, even annually.
When to transplant indoor plants?
To know when it is time to replant the plant again, it is possible for these features:
- Earth is completely filled with roots, roots get out of the pot;
- In the substrate there are pests (fungi, milder cherrycans).
The ideal date of transplant for most plants is spring from late February to mid-April. In another case, plants always transplanted after flowering.
A few hours before the transplantation should be half a plant. This is especially important for clay pots, as the substrate sticks to the material. Carefully remove the planted plant from the old vase. You can neatly knock them on the edge of the table.
If the roots do not leave the pot, you should split the pot or, in the case of plastic, cut it to the roots as small as possible. When the roots are too thick, only the top layer of the soil is removed.
Landing passes as follows:
- carefully free the plant from the original pot;
- shake the substrate from them so as not to damage the roots;
- sharp scissors cut the above-ground parts so that the plant does not grow strongly.
Pruning roots is needed only if the roots are brown-black or rotten. Old room plants that are no longer transplanted into large pots, it is useful to reduce the root system, while maintaining the balance with the above-ground parts of the plant.
Many plants need drainage. Very few indoor plants can carry overcoating, so the drainage in the pot is so important as a preventive measure. At the bottom of the tank, the drainage layer first is stacked. Ideal fit clamzit or small stones. Ceramzite accumulates water, allows air to reach the roots, supports them, the material does not rot.
In large pots, the drainage layer pour thick from five to ten centimeters to the bottom of the pure vase. Then put it with its substrate, the plant is inserted and put on its roots. Carefully pressing, gradually sleep the soil, not filling to the edges, so that there is enough space for watering. From above, the plant is watered.
Careful watering will help fill the balls around the roots, provides good fit of the substrate. Place the transplanted flower into a bright and warm place. Heat of soil contributes to the formation of new roots.
Care of transplanted plants
Even the most cautious transplant means interference with the rooting plant, so it should be paid to him more attention: to regularly water and protect against direct sunlight. Also, the plant should not suffer from drops of temperature and drafts after a transplant.
Simultaneously with the transplant, remove dry and yellow leaves. Many old people should trim too long parts. Fertilize the plant only in a few weeks. The plant depletes nutrients from the soil, so they fertilize it regularly, at least once every 14 days.
Updating the upper soil layer is recommended for large indoor plants that do not want to replant more due to lack of space, as well as for plants that are sensitive to such extent. Palms, for example, often poorly transferring a transplant. Remove the top layer of old soil and replace it new, and not forgetting regularly fertilize the plant.
When diseases or pests are detected, after a transplant, the flower is treated with a means to eliminate them.