Flower Description Dracaena Marginata</??h3>
Dracaena marginata bicolor considered native to West Africa. In nature, the plant reaches a height of 6 meters.
Dracaena is also known as the Madagascar Dragon Tree. It looks like a palm tree and is perfect for gardening indoors, where there is little sunlight. The plant looks good in the flat and fits well into the office space.
At home, the flower room began to grow due to its unusual appearance and ease of care. If his stand on the street, he will feel well there, but the only condition – the air temperature should not go down to 18 degrees.
Marginata grows slowly. The leaves of a flower to 70 cm long, framed by strips. The plant is available in two or three colors. Two-tone type has dark green leaves and red and tricolor – with green, pink and cream stripes. At the beginning of their growth, they rush up, and gradually droop down. Colored leaves create a bright contrast, and due to its exotic appearance, the plant creates a harmonious atmosphere in the living rooms, gardens and on balconies.
Note!In addition to being Dracaena is very beautiful, she is also able to purify and humidify the air.
Guidelines for home care
Dracaena marginata in nursing home reveals itself as undemanding houseplant that can not respond to what it occasionally forget to water.
Dracaena bordered to care in the home as a tropical plant, needs a place with a lot of sun, but not direct sunlight. It tolerates partial shade, but will grow more slowly. It should be once a week to put in front of a bright window, so that it receives the same intensity of light from all sides and growing evenly.
Marginata can not stand the cold. High plant temperature well tolerated, but it is better that the mark on the thermometer does not exceed +29 ° C. This type of plant prefers air temperature of 19 to 25 degrees. Reacts to prolonged temperature below 15 degrees leaf damage. Below 5 degrees completely ceases to vital functions and dies.
He prefers to stay on the balcony or in a flower garden area, if outdoor temperature is sufficiently high. Nevertheless, it should be gradually accustomed to direct sunlight. Place outside the scorching sun – a good choice. Basically, Dracaena Marginata does not tolerate drafts or strong winds, and it is necessary to consider when choosing the right place. For low humidity dracaena adapted, but the ends of the leaves begin to dry
For soil, this plant is particularly undemanding, can grow in any soil standard. The only important factor is that the substrate must have a pH of about 6.0. Ideally, when the soil is mixed with a small amount of sand or clay. These components improve the permeability of the soil and minimize the risk of swamping: to prevent the growth of mold. The best option – the soil for cacti or a special substrate for potted dracaena.
planting period in the streets or in the drawer in the balcony is mainly dependent on the outdoor temperature. Nighttime temperatures must be high before output flower outwardly. Such temperatures can be in late June or early July.
Transplanting plants can be carried out all year round, but preferably after the winter, early spring, wait for the start of shoot growth.
landing in a flower pot
Dracaena marginata transplant after purchase carried out only after 2 weeks so she had time to adapt to new conditions.
When the perfect place to choose and ground correspond Dracaena requirements, you can start planting:
- at the bottom of the pot is poured drainage from the gravel;
- There should be a hole for water drainage;
- compost mixed with soil to increase the level of nutrients for strong growth;
- the planting hole should be at least twice as much of the root system;
- base root after planting should be at least 3 cm below the surface.
When transplanting, freeing the plant from the pot it is important not to damage the roots. You can omit the pot in a container filled with water for two minutes. When the soil is completely impregnated, the plant, including the root, it will be easier to get to the pot.
The plant tolerates prolonged drought better than too much moisture in the soil. In a period of growth, from spring to late summer watering sparingly daily or every two days, to avoid waterlogging. From November to February – every three or four days, when the ground surface is slightly dry. We can not allow the root system to dry.
Note!In the hot summer days or during the heating period daily spray the leaves with water defended.
Dragon tree (Dracaena Marginata) should be fed once a week from March to October. The ideal is a fertilizer for potted leafy plants, which significantly improves growth. When the plant reaches the desired height, making less fertilizer.
Important!After fertilizing plants should be watered in order to evenly distribute the fertilizer in the soil or substrate.
The plant is easy to correct height with the help of trimming. When the plant threatens to outgrow its space, it is possible to control the height by cutting the tip to the desired height. Side shoots make crown dracaena more lush and volume. For their preparation is necessary to cut the top of the plant and thus awaken dormant lateral buds. Cropped top of the root in the soil for plant breeding.
Hibernate palmopodobnoe plant in open area can not. They should be placed in the heat at the latest, when the temperature drops below 15 degrees. In winter, when demand for water is reduced, there is no need to fertilize after November.
In winter plant likes room temperature of 18 to 20 degrees. If the plant is on the cold floor, it is advisable to put the pot on the mat to insulate. Winter break ends in February and March, and the demand for water and fertilizer grows back.
Reproduction krasnolistnyh Dracaena marginata</??h3>
To obtain a strong and healthy plant, it is best to grow it yourself. To do this, there are many methods of reproduction, but growing from cuttings is the most successful.
The well-developed shoots in the upper part thereof cut off slice eight cm long. Place the stalk in moderately moist mixture of soil and sand, covered with a transparent top film to further maintain high humidity. Selected bright place without direct sunlight, and thus grow stalk plants to date.
The ideal temperature for the development of the root system is from 22 to 24 degrees. After about two or three weeks will be a sufficient number of roots, and young plants can be planted in the substrate for adult plants. To avoid damaging the appearance of the plant is recommended to cut the stalks in the spring when the shoots held pruning to improve growth.
Stem cuttings. Cut stalk without leaves on some parts of at least 5 cm. Place the beaker with water and sent to a bright place. The water is changed every two to three days. After a few weeks there will be the first roots. The ideal time to transplant into the substrate – when the first sprouts on the stalk. Young plants are transplanted to soil for further growth and harboring of polyethylene film to improve moisture.
Infection diseases and pests
Even despite the fact that he edged dracaena houseplant no serious pests or diseases, improper care or choice of location can lead to various diseases.
root rot.When the soil remains wet for a long time – to develop root rot. It appears an unpleasant smell of the soil, which is covered with mold. Mold can be on the roots.
Fungal infectionis usually a precursor to root rot. Too dry or too moist air environment can attract pests to the plant.
Spider mites– a common problem Marginata young plants. Broadly, the presence on their regularly check the lower part of the leaves, and if the problem is well washed off the leaves as soon as possible.
The problems in growing
Dry air in the room and the lack of heat often causes problems when growing dracaena.
- Sohnut leaf tips – the dry air, low temperature in the room
- falling leaves – they are cold or rot the root system
- Dracaena is not growing – is not enough nutrients in the soil
- rotting leaves at the top of the plant – the excess moisture, cold, lack of fresh air and light in the room
- The leaves are dull – the plant is subjected to the influence of the long cold temperatures
- On the leaves appear brown spots – a sign of sunburn
- The young leaves wither and turn black – too much fertilizer, delayed transplantation
This type of dracaena can be attributed to the most popular and hardy varieties of dracaena. Care at home for dracaena marginata is simple, and if you show her care, you can get bright, elegant tree.