Features dracaena palm
Homeland Dracaena – tropical and subtropical Africa and the islands of Southeast Asia. Their counts are about 150 species, which differ depending on the species, size of the barrel, the size and shape of leaves, leaf color and shape. There are shrub, subshrub and tree shaped plant. Among the various types, there are giant and dwarf, and is quite compact forms of plants, green mass which is located at the top of the stem. Large species of trees for landscaping are often found in offices and other large buildings, small suitable for small apartments.
Dracaena types can be divided into zelenolistnyh and variegated. Variegated – the most attractive for the maintenance of the rooms and for the design of office interiors, correspond to the green form. In addition, they are not so demanding on the light intensity, and this factor is very important.
Care and content
Create a climate for trees not be easy, but keep it constantly is difficult. The fact that these plants grow in the subtropics, and they really need the humidity that constantly need to be maintained. In the subtropics constantly rains and high humidity, so you need to create about the same atmosphere and at home.
Additional information!In hot weather, often sprayed dratsenu provide supplemental watering. She may suffer from heat waves, when above 32 ° C, it leaves quickly wither, losing an attractive appearance.
Most types of indoor palm trees prefer well-lit places, but without contact with direct sunlight. Types with dark leaves are not particularly demanding on the light. Pestrolistye – with a lack of light lose their elegant coloring. Dracaena grow well under artificial lighting.
Note!In order to grow the plant tall palm tree put in a place where a lot of light. In semi-shade plant grows more slowly.
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Dracaena prefers a moderate air temperature – 18-25 ° C in summer, winter – must not fall below 15 ° C. She does not need a cold winter. In the warm season flower pot is desirable to make the fresh air. It is necessary to safeguard the plant from drafts – the windows open it is not set.
dratsenu of care includes:
Irrigation.moisture-loving plants, which include dracaena, needs abundant watering, but with periods of drying. Excessive watering can lead to death of the plant. Due to the stagnation of water, and constantly wet soil in the pot the roots will rot, which will affect the state of the plant.
Important!After irrigation water leaked into the sump should be removed.
Overdry the upper layer of soil is also unacceptable. Dratsenu summer watered every day, winter watering is cut, focusing on how quickly dry earthen room. Water for irrigation should be soft, to defend. Water taken directly from the tap, on the plant leaves white spots.
Spraying.Dracaena does not tolerate dry air, so they are twice a day continuously be sprayed, regardless of the season. If you do not spray, then because of the dry air in most cases, its leaves will turn yellow and fall off. Dust the leaves with a damp cloth or wash plant under a shower.
Top dressing.Dracaena responsive to fertilizers. In the period of intensive growth, from March to August, the palm fed twice a month kompleksnyemi fertilizer for houseplants. At other times, fertilize once a month. Pestrolistym specialized types of fertilizer needed.
transplantation.transplant is very important in a small space is compressed pot roots, and the plant does not develop further! To this did not happen, you need to transplant them on time. These plants should be repotted about 1 every 2-3 years. This is the optimal amount of time, because dracaena roots grow more slowly than other plants. The root system of a small surface and, therefore, in a pot makes a high drainage.
Soil.Choosing the right soil is very important for a houseplant. In the wrong soil dracaena feels very badly. You can use the soil for
violets, for figs. Land for figs most suitable as ficus can be regarded as a close relative of a palm tree. Propagation plant in the period of active growth in March-April, apical cuttings, layering, or a piece of the stem.
Trim branchesAfter reaching a certain age, dracaena loses its beauty -. Shoots may greatly stretched and laid bare, variegation of the leaves is reduced. To encourage branching, you must perform pruning (cut off the tops of the long shoots). The plant can be rejuvenated, to take root from the top of the cut shoots and get a new plant. Sharing is necessary to put in water, and after a couple of months there will be young roots and the plant can be planted in a pot.
. MultiplicationMake multiple copies dracaena in the period of active growth – in March, April apical cuttings, layering, or a piece of stem. Having reached a certain age, it loses its beauty. Rejuvenate the plant is rooted elite. All dracaena can be propagated by cuttings, using for this purpose the tip or piece of stem.
Diseases and pests
Spraying – a preventative measure against pests and diseases.
- On the Dracaena leaves can appear brown spots, and they dry up. The main reason – the dry air in the room, lack of irrigation
- From the bright sun on the leaves of Dracaena burns may appear as dark spots. To avoid this, in sunny weather the plant should be pritenyat.
- If the yellowed tips of the leaves, it is necessary more often spray the plant. Abscission lower leaves is normal for dratseny- natural process.
Thrips – the most vicious pest of the plants affects all types of sucking the cell sap. On leaves are formed similar to the scratch damage.
Scale insects – pests that attach themselves to the leaves and stems of plants and drinking juice, so that the leaves become spotty, they bred fungus and the plant dies.
Exotic appearance of these plants will not disappoint those who only engaged in the cultivation of indoor plants, or more experienced growers. “Dragon’s blood tree” will be pleasing to the eye, neatly fit into the interior of the house or office.
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