Croton – a long-term shrub of the family family. In a natural habitat, it grows on the Pacific Islands, as well as in Northern Australia and Southeast Asia. This genus includes fifteen species, including trees, shrubs and herbaceous plants.
In nature, the codium can reach 1.5 – 2 meters, and at home is usually a low shrub with large leathery leaves. Different types of Croton differ only in the form of leaves. Depending on the variety, they are oblong lanceal, asymmetric and ovoid. Their tips can be pointed or blunt, with smooth or wavy edges.
The young croton leaves are painted in bright yellow-green shades, but over time they acquire a bright color and can be dark green or red-burgundy. In addition, regardless of the variety, there are clear accomplishments or stains on the leaves.
Croton blooms quite rarely, the flowers of aesthetic value do not have.
Additional information! Small cream buds, do not add an attractive plant. Therefore, the flowers are almost always breaking so that the plant does not spend energy and juices on them.
This flower requires special care. Grow the Croton at home is easy, but the plant is very capricious.
A homemade plant loves good lighting, the motley color of its leaves largely depends on the illumination. The lack of light adversely affects its condition: the leaves and shoots begin to lose elasticity and fall.
Best Codiona Location
The best location will be the windowsill oriental or western window. The southern side is allowed under the condition of a small shading in order to prevent the burning, yellowing and fallout leaves.
Crotones poorly tolerate drafts and watering with cold water, they need fresh air. In summer, you can leave a plant on the balcony, choosing a place with scattered light.
Codiona is a thermal-loving flower, but poorly tolerates heat. Temperature regime for good growth in summer – 22 ° C, in winter – at least 16 degrees. You need to try to avoid sharp fluctuations in air temperature.
The composition of the soil depends on the age of the flower. For planting young plants, a soil with coarse-grained river sand is suitable, compost and earth, mixed in a ratio of 1: 2: 1. For adults – a ratio of 1: 3: 1, respectively.
You can also use the land purchased in the store. It is recommended to add a little leaf land to it. Before planting the soil, we should treat a weak solution of manganese and dry.
Croton loves raw, but not wet earth. Frequent, but moderate watering is the main maintenance rule. Stagnation of moisture in the roots leads to airing and even the death of the flower.
Important! It is monitored that the soil does not drive to a depth of more than 2 cm, and the surplus of moisture from the pallet is always removed.
In the summer, on average, you need to water the flower every other day, and in the winter they moisturize the ground only once a week. For irrigation, use soft filtered water temperature water temperatures, aged at least one day.
In the natural environment, the Croton lives in tropical forests, so it is important to create similar conditions for the normal growth and development of the flower. If there is no fixing device for humidification, there are water containers next to the pot. In winter, they hold the plant away from heat sources.
The humidification process should include daily spraying and rubbing leaves on both sides. In the hot season of the year, we spend a warm shower, following the water does not fall on the soil. For this, the pot is wrapped with polyethylene.
Without additional feeding, the leaves are quickly losing the motley, which affects the decorativeness of the plant. Therefore, regular use of fertilizers is an important rule of care. Perform this action strictly after watering. Otherwise, fertilizer can burn the roots of the flower.
Falker of plants begins in April and is carried out before the fall of the autumn complex mineral fertilizer twice a month. Special compositions are suitable for decorative deciduous or volatile plants. In winter, the plant begins the rest period, so at this time the flower does not need to feed. In extreme cases ferture no more than once a month.
When and how is Croton’s transplant? Flower care at home requires a neat transplant. If the roots begin to break down from the holes at the bottom of the pot, it means that the plant needs to be replant.
Please note! Replant it follows no more often than once every 2-3 years. It is impossible to disturb the Croton during the flowering period. Therefore, the optimal time for transplantation is March. It is during this period that the growing season begins.
The transplant is produced by the method of transshipment, trying not to damage the roots of the flower.
For transplanting use fresh soil. Drainage is poured under the roots, and it is soil. The seedling is put in a pre-prepared hole so that it does not come into contact with the drainage layer, as it can damage the root system, and die.
Each new pot must be 2-3 cm more than the previous one. Plastic or clay vases are used. After landing, the plant is well watered and put on the warm room.
After buying a crotone in the store, it should not be transplanted for 3 weeks to give a busty to acclimatize. The plant is extracted from the pot, and carefully clean the root system from the old substrate. Do not at this time hold a separation of roots or trimming, as the Croton will be painful for a long time after a transplant. Requires increased humidity, so you need to water every day.
Trimming: Crane Forming
In order for the encodion correctly created the crown at home, it is necessary to regularly cut it and pinch, which gives an impetus to its active branching. Side shoots grow slower than the central stem, so it is important to form a flower crown. In order for the bush abundantly, pinch the tops of the shoots. The first pitch is performed on plants that grew up to 15 cm and then when new branches grow up to 20 cm.
Extra or dried shoots that reduce the decorativeness of the plant can be cut at any time of the year, the Crotone transfers this procedure painlessly.
Please note!It should be borne in mind that Croton is a poisonous flower. Therefore, to care for the plant will have to go in gloves. It is also important to store the vase outside the reach of children and domestic animals.
Croton breeding methods
Plant can be multiplied by three ways:
- Bust division;
The reproduction of seeds is the most difficult method, because the Croton rarely blooms, and the seeds are poorly ripening. For landing, only fresh seeds are suitable. Searches them at the end of winter. Germination takes a lot of time usually – in 21-30 days.
1-2 days before sowing it is desirable to soak seeds in special preparations to improve the germination. Seeds lay down the pot on the surface, slightly sprinkle with a sandy peat mixture and covered with a film. Daily shelter must be removed, ventilated and spray the soil surface.
When grilling, healthy stalks are selected with gluable shoots, 7-10 cm long, so that each of them was a healthy leaf and interstitial. Cut them in the late spring or early summer. Scroll-filled with milk juice must be rinsed and dried out in the fresh air.
Before boarding the pot, they must be rooted in warm water 23-24 degrees, use various stimulants of root growth.
Reproduction with cuttings
When the roots appear by about 2 cm, the new plant is planted into the prepared pots with a diameter of 6-7 cm.
The soil in the pot needs to be moisturized. After complete rooting, gradually transferred in the tank of larger diameter.
If the bush is too large and it is closely in a pot, it is necessary to divide it in the spring and put in different pots. During the day before dividing, the bush watered well.
Gently pull out the flower of the pot and divide it into several parts: the main bush and the root “kids”. An adult bush is transplanted into a large container, and small places in small containers, which are covered with plastic film and placed in a warm place.
Disease and harmful insects
Crotons are very susceptible to pest infection. It can be a worm, nematode, scaly insect and so on. Diseases often arise as a result of improper care, non-compliance with the temperature regime and irrigation mode.
- The constant exposure to sunlight will cause the burns of the leaves, and the lack of light will lead to the fading and loss of brightness of the leaves.
- dry air contributes to drying and falling out leaves, as well as breeding of weevils and ticks.
- Moisture stagnation in the pallet leads to a rotation of the root system.
- With rare watering and low humidity in the room, the ends of the leaves have a brown shade, and then completely dry.
- with constant dry air and rare spraying on it mites, weevils and scaly insects will be treated.
If the plant fell ill, it is necessary to get it out of the pot, look at the roots and remove rotten. Healthy roots are relatively strong and white. If the root is wet, give it to dry. Do not watered on this day after a transplant. The next day, overnight spray epinoma. The residue is poured under the root, and leave the plant in the dark room. Water after soil drying.
Check the plant for the presence of parasites, the tick loves it very much. The struggle for their destruction can take a lot of time. Excellent prevention will wipe the leaves and shower.
Scale insects are invisible, and after some time the branches are covered with dark spots. Processing is carried out repeatedly to completely exclude infection apply soap-tobacco solutions
At the heart of all varieties of plants lie with volatile crotones. Among the most beautiful of them, the most popular can be distinguished by the following varieties:
Peter is a lush bush with numerous branches, oval leaves with bright green with yellow streaks, located alternately.
Zanzibar. The leaves of this type of lanceal, narrow, tightly conventional ones. They are clearly visible burgundy yellow, purple stripes.
flower with leaves like oak
Excel is called indoor oak, who has three-fledged leaves very similar to oak leaves. They are white, burgundy stains and stripes. The bottom surface is more pink.
Mrs. Eysto has a shape of a bush or a small church. Wide rounded medium length leaves are decorated with a pattern.
Home care errors
Due to improper care, the codium becomes capricious. In some cases, flower facing the following problems.
- If the plant loses the upper leaves, it means that the flower in too cold room or suffers from drafts. Unregular watering can also lead to falling leaves.
- leaves change the color when the pet is not enough light, additional lighting will return to him colorful color.
- brown spots appear on the leaves. Such damage causes a sunburn. To correct the situation, move the flower into the room with scattered light.
- leaves dry. The main reason is insufficient humidity. If brown spots appear on drying leaves, it means that the flower is cold water or it stands on a cold window sill.
- Plant is poorly developing. This is due to lack of light or poor soil composition. It is necessary to regularly feed the flower.
If the Croton falls out old leaves, this is the normal process of his life.
Attractive Croton will decorate the house, because it is decorative and grow rapidly. In addition, grow a plant is not so difficult. The main thing is to comply with the recommendations and correctly care for it at home.