Epiphytic Orchids: Features
Orchids are popular as room plants from the 18th century. They can even grow newbies. Choosing an unpretentious look, and with proper care, the orchid will bloom for months.
Most beautiful tropical plants grow epiphyly.
Phalaenopsis is already adapted for dilution in housing conditions. These orchids are undemanding, abundantly and long bloom even in a vase. Phalaenopsis hybrids offers a lot of colors, textures and the possibility of long flowering without any problems. They can be found on the market in a wide variety of colors – from white to almost black.
Some orchids grow easier, others are harder. Orchids Cattleya, Phalaenopsis and Paphiopedilum are one of the easiest in cultivation and are recommended to most beginner flower water. In addition to the most popular Falenopsis orchid, you can also grow at home Paphiopedilum, Cattleya, Dendrobium, OnCidium, and Cymbidium, Coelogyne, Epidendrum and Pleione.
Popular Wanda hybrids are known for their beautiful colors and an atypical method of growing in a vase without a substrate.
Inflorescence is usually formed in the middle part of the stem, and has a length of 20 to 50 cm, with 4-10 flowers, (in strong plants more). On the stem flower size from 2 to 15 cm. Disgraced from the bottom up. Strong plants form a lot of inflorescences on which several dozen flowers can bloom.
Phalaenopsis can bloom several times on one stem. As soon as the flowers dried, cut the dried shoots with scissors just above the third bract, also known as the eye. Coloros can germinate two or three times, however, as a rule, the stem subsequently dies.
Care for flowering orchid at home
The correct arrangement of orchids and good care is a guarantee of good growth. Different types of orchids require special care: different moisture, temperature, watering mode and light. The variety depends when they will bloom, and what colors and forms are possible for flowers.
So that they retain their charm, they need proper water consumption, a lot of light and nutrients. Newcomers, and those who lack time for enhanced care of indoor plants, it is worth growing an undemanding variety of phalaenopsis.
Orchids need enough light so the best place is intimacy or indirect placement on the window, so as not to expose them to direct sunlight. Therefore, the location of the windowsill in the West or East is more suitable than in the south.
Notice!Higher temperatures slow down growth, and low causes a plant to form more inflorescences. Optimum daytime temperature from 22 to 25 ° C. In the winter months, the plant moves to the window exiting to the south.
When growing orchids, perfect humidity must necessarily be between 50 to 75%. You can achieve this level using the air humidifier next to the flower. You can put the plant into the moisturizing tray, which is filled with stones and water.
when to water orchid?
Watering significantly affects the quality and life expectancy in general. Incorrect moisturizing kills more orchids than for other reasons. Watering orchids during flowering is carried out as drying. They are sensitive to watering, which can cause rotting. It is necessary to inspect whether the soil dried: gray roots sign indicate that the plant needs more water.
The main rule: water orchid once a week or once every 10 days cooled boiled or rainwater.
From time to time, the plant can also be sprayed, but only during the day, because at night the leaves should dry. They advise soak them in water for 5-10 minutes, and then give them a track within 15 minutes.
The substrate should not be too wet, especially during the winter months. Warn about lack of water, fading leaves.
feeding orchids during flowering
What to do to bloody orchid? For healthy development and abundant flowering, orchids need nutrients. How to make orchid to release a bloomon? Fertilize them during growth. Like watering, fertilizers contribute to better flowering. Putting plants every 2 weeks, adding a small amount of special fertilizer for orchids into irrigation water.
No need to cut orchid immediately after flowering. The blurred bloomer is cut over the last sleeping kidney, which, in turn, usually gives a new floral escape. After trimming, the flowers store in a cooler place and water every ten days.
Flowerines are suitable for cutting bouquets when the inflorescence blooms two-thirds. In a vase, flowers are held from 4 to 6 weeks, but only in a colder room. At temperatures above 20 ° C quickly faded.
how to transplant orchid?
Like all the room plants, orchids are best transplanted early in spring or in September. They spend it every two or four years after flowering.
landing in a new pot
If necessary, when orchid fades, it is not placed in a pot, the transplant can be carried out at any time of the year. The plant is not transplanted with small undeveloped buds, since subsequently the plant can reset them.
The new Vazon should not be small nor too big. Ideally, the pot must be transparent, with holes below.
- the day before the transplantation, orchid should pour and focus with microelements.
- carefully get a plant from a pot, not to damage healthy roots.
- crop dry or fired root ends.
- Carefully shifty in the random Vase, not addressed and not inserting very deeply.
- use substrate for orchids.
- do not pour the next five days, just slightly splash the leaves with water.
Most roots need much more air than other flowering plants. A suitable substrate is bought in a flower shop. Usually it consists of a tree cortex, which retains moisture after soaking, charcoal (against rotting) and sometimes moss is added.
how to make orchid blossom
Orchid when blooms? Optimal conditions: a lot of light, lack of direct sunlight, weekly watering, sufficient fertilizer. If necessary, placing indoors up to 16 ° C for several weeks can also help.
important!Temperature fluctuations more than 2 ° C, drafts and pruning not yet completely dried shoots are harmful to orchid flowering.
Prevention of orchid diseases
The most common orchid diseases can be prevented or cured, especially if they occur at an early stage.
- Regular inspections of petals, roots and flowers should be permanent. The most common diseases of orchids are fungal.
- One of the most common pests of orchids are ticks,which are easily removed with a soft cloth and soapy water.
- Any aid tools that are used to care for orchids should be sterilized. This process will prevent possible orchid diseases.
- Water overflows can lead to the fact that the orchid will start rotting. When watering always draw attention to how much water must be given to its plant.
If you watered and care for the plant properly, it can bloom again after the main flowering.