Description of orchid Vanda
Motherland of Orchid Vandy – Asian-Pacific. The genus Vanda includes about 50 species and is found in nature in South India and Sri Lanka, New Guinea and Australia, in the north of Taiwan, China and the Philippines. In terms of its origin, orchids are growing high on the trees of primitive forest, as the so-called epiphytes feed on rain and dew. That is why air roots are so well developed and important for the well-being of plants.
Wanda orchids are more demanding of growing outside the native locality. Hybrids created by crossing are suitable for growing in containers. There are more than 75 hybrids in which Vanda orchids play an important role. These very stronger plants can reach a height of up to 150 cm and, they are easier to care for them than clean species.
They are most often grown in containers with a minimum content of the substrate or without it. Tropical plants can absorb water and nutrients through their air fleshy roots. This allows their large root system to hang and, absorb the necessary moisture with its strong roots. They should be sprayed daily by water. Vande is best grows in high humidity, light and heat (20 ° C – 30 ° C).
Narrow, long leaves of orchids Wanda leathery, saturated green and very thick grow.
Inflorescences are growing almost vertically of the fasteners of the leaves at the upper end of the plant. Very large flowers often exude a charming fragrance. The shape of a five-point flower is almost the same in all types. With good care is possible from two to three phases of flowering from spring to autumn.
Orchid Wanda: home care
Orchids from the genus Wanda make high demands to their owners. The location is the most important point in the overall care of the Vanda and should be carefully chosen.
Wanda orchids are not so easy in terms of their location. They should create a place with a relatively high level of humidity. They do not carry the scorching midday sun, and it is impossible to keep them on the northern windowsill.
Please note! If the orchids are Wanda be too dark, only leaves will be formed, and there will be no new inflorescences.
It is important to avoid direct sunlight. In winter, the room temperature should not be descended below 14 ° C. It prefers a bright, partially shaded place in the West East window sill. Southern windows are ideal only in winter, because in March, intensive sunlight can lead to leaves burns.
Orchids in the Winter Garden
Especially well feel in greenhouses or winter gardens, where they bloom all year round.
Additional information!First of all, the temperature in the apartment, which should never be descended below 14 ° C. The ideal temperature indoor 20-22 ° C and relative humidity 60-85%.
After the place is selected, the maintenance of the Vanda will be quite simple. Practice the correct watering. Orchids need regular watering. Since not very high nutrient needs, fertilizer is not so time consuming as watering. Using only not containing lime soft water, which was filtered or resistant.
The tops of the plant spray, otherwise the plants dried very quickly. Spraying a plant daily, you should pay attention to the possible convergence that can accumulate in the leaves. This can lead to the appearance of signs of rot and, as a result, loss of leaves. In the fall and winter enough easy moistening every few days.
Roots twice a week are thoroughly dip in water or watered. You can leave orchid in water for about 30 minutes. For this, the water temperature is always used, the plant must be well drained before it can be returned to the container.
Watering a flower
The next watering is carried out after the roots are completely dried.
Regular fertilizer is important for the formation of flowers. Special feeding for orchids contains all the necessary nutrients in the correct proportion.
Fertilize orchid mainly in the summer months and during flowering. For this purpose, liquid fertilizers for orchids are used exclusively through irrigation water and, accordingly, often.
Liquid fertilizers are added to the water during immersion every 3 weeks, from March to October. The entire root network is immersed.
After a long period of flowering, the flower makeup dries and can be cut off. This type of orchid has no need for a special rest phase for the origin of buds.
Do I need to remove dried overhead roots? Just dry completely, and brown roots are removed. When trimming it is important to keep the intact root network.
Is it possible to multiply orchids Wanda? One of the methods of reproduction is the receipt of cuttings. Orchids of a certain size of lateral shoots go beyond the capacity. You can propagate the Vanda by cutting off from the parent plant with a disinfected sharp knife that part that already has an air root. First, the young plant is planted in the soil for orchids to take care. After a while they are coming. It is necessary to pay more attention to feeding and watering, but not to increase the amount. The hauling should be obtained in spring from plants that do not grow and do not have flowers.
Orchid cultivation in suspended pots
You will need a transparent suspension pot and foam flakes. In the bottom, the pot needs holes through which water can flock after dipping. Place orchid in the pot right on polystyrene foam, then richly watered and hang vase.
Vanda in suspended pots
Meat foam every three or four months. As soon as the plant becomes too big for the pot, replant it to bloody again.
Orchid Wanda Care and Growing in a glass flask
This beautiful plant can be grown not only in special plastic containers. Orchid is very popular in a glass vase, which gives each room a special charm. High narrow tanks emphasize the elegant form of orchids.
Please note!Wanda orchids are almost exclusively epiphytes that grow in the wild on the trees. When growing indoors, this means that you can do without a substrate and keep plants in a glass vase.
Time to place them in the bank – before or after the flowering period. When growing orchids in a glass vase, provide them with high humidity in the root area. The root neck must be approximately one level with the edge of the vessel, and shoots and leaves to play the edge as much as possible. Glass vessels have the advantage that the light penetrates the roots of orchids. This provides photosynthesis, unlike other plants, this process of orchids occurs in roots. Choose a vase suitable size with a wide hole.
Orchids in a glass vase,
Best for this are suitable glasses that narrow in the middle and, thus, reliably hold the root chain of orchids. Other containers are possible, but should they have such a form so that the plant does not fall, or the roots did not start.
The plant transplant in the event that the roots have grown too much, and there is no more space in the container, (which happens for about two years).
Diseases and pests
Wanda orchid is very rarely susceptible to diseases, sometimes attack pests, such as tormentary Chervests. Much more often the cause of the premature death of a very demanding plant is errors when lighting. Too intense sunlight leads to sunburn burns. They are also very sensitive to too low temperatures indoors or irregular watering.
Under the right conditions and optimal care for the orchids of Wanda, it is easy to care for, but the following problems may occur. Yellow leaves usually occur due to too low temperatures, lack of fertilizer and low solar lighting.
The apartments grow a huge number of different types of orchids.
- Especially beautiful view is Vanda Coerulea. Flowers from blue to blue-violet.
- Vanda Cristata is also known under the independent name TRUDELIA CRISTATA. Wax yellowish green flowers with brownish-red stripes from above appear from January to April. Very nice smell.
- Vanda Denisoniana flowers are also fragrant. They are from bright white to greenish-white color and have an orange-yellow spot at the bottom of the lip.
- Vanda Pumila is a rather small view that grows up to 15 cm. Height. White-green flowers, brown stains. Flowering time – summer.
With proper care, you can make the plant bloom all year round. The correct location, uniform water supply without overvolding, and regular fertilizers are needed for an exotic plant, and it will delight with its colors up to three times a year.