Causes of the death of indoor orchids
Why do orchids rot the air roots? Cold, drafts, overheating, too much water or long stay in the sun or in the shade can lead to the death of the entire plant.
Flowering orchids feel comfortable in the warm season, the disease most often happens in the autumn-winter period, when the plant lacks sunlight and the room temperature drops.
In the autumn-winter period, Orchid is at rest. It slows down growth significantly, consumes less nutrients and moisture. If you do not respond to a change in the new season, there are consequences in the form of wet, roting roots.
Mandatory condition is a large amount of light. If it is enough, the water from the soil is easily destroyed, but with the onset of autumn the light is less, so the liquid evaporates worse.
In what cases is a beautiful indoor plant still have a chance to survive? Without a sufficient amount of light, the plant will not absorb the liquid that falls on it. That is why sufficient lighting is so important for orchids, especially in the autumn-winter period. To avoid such consequences, the pot always put in a well-ventilated place is well lit, and the substrate will be permeable.
You can not immediately notice that the orchid has root problems. Even in a transparent pot, it is not always noticeable that they began to refine. The flower surface does not look painful, buds are blown as usual, the leaves look green, but the orchid dies.
Is it possible to save orchid and how to restore the plant, who have fallen roots? The main thing is to find the cause of this disease. Almost all the causes of the root rot is associated with the mooring of the soil. Orchid better tolerate drought than the humidity of the substrate. One of the first signs of excess moisture is a yellowish shade of the lower leaves.
Please note! Constantly elevated soil moisture level, combined with poor ventilation – a frequent reason that the roots rot the orchid.
Insufficient lighting violates the process of photosynthesis, slows down the formation of new cells. The plant ceases to grow, dies.
The reasons why orchid may die:
- Low air temperature leads to a decrease in the absorption of nutrients, the result of cells occurs;
- Highly concentrated fertilizers lead to chemical burns, the root system is sensitive even with a small overdose of drugs;
- impermeable for air and water soil in a pot, because of which the roots are puments;
- fungal diseases occur due to excessive irrigation or too high room temperature.
It happens that the underground part of the plant begins to rot due to the fact that it was damaged. It is necessary to get rid of damaged parts and treat sections with charcoal.
These plants are too sensitive to overdose of trace elements, especially potassium and phosphorus. There may be burns on their roots if the flower model incorrectly distributes fertilizers.
There are problems with roots and in harmful insects. They are in the soil and feed on root process. As a result, orchid loses water, because of which they slowly begin to fade. To revive it, you need to wash the roots in warm water, then change the substrate and transplant the plant into a new container or to disinfect the old one.
What if the orchids rotted the roots? Before reanimating orchid at home, it is necessary to determine the degree of damage to the root system when carefully inspected.
reanimation of the plant
Live and healthy roots are dense, with a smooth green surface. When the first signs of the root illness turn yellow.
Please note! To determine whether the root system did not get ill, it is necessary to pour a plant. After soil moisturizing, healthy roots become green, and affected by white or brown. These areas are empty, so they do not impregnate moisture.
Orchid without roots will die, so it is necessary to restore them: urgently take care of treatment, and sometimes in resuscitation of the plant.
Unfortunately, rotten roots are not saved, so they are removed: it is neatly cut to a healthy fabric. The same makes the same with dry roots. The loss of two or three roots does not affect the viability of the plant.
If the flower poured, and his roots began to rot, it gets out of a pot, remove damaged processes, and give them to dry within 24 hours. Transplant the flower into a new substrate, the main thing is not to damage the roots during transplantation. If the roots remained alive, they are well washed with warm water.
How to grow roots in orchid at home
From the stage of root destruction, it is possible to save the plant. Before reanimation of orchids, it is necessary to estimate its condition and choose the most efficient and fast treatment.
How to revive orchids who have lost all roots, but only some of them? If the plants have live roots, it is transplanted in a fresh substrate.
How to reanimate orchid at home without roots? After removing all problem areas, they give roots dry, sections are treated with activated carbon. When the roots get angry, it is desirable to immerse them for 10-15 minutes into a solution of fungicide. This reduces the risk of infection of a weak plant with malicious fungi. After disinfection, it is important to handle the zone of future roots in the growth stimulator. It will strengthen the immunity of orchids and accelerate their rooting.
The growth of new roots will begin in 1-4 weeks. Water flower need as less as possible.
Do it only when the soil dry out completely, otherwise young roots can bend again. In addition, watering is desirable to carry out in the morning filtered water.
You can save orchid at the initial stages using proven folk remedies. How to save orchid without roots? Common folk remedy is a soap solution. A piece of household soap is breeding in two or three liters of distilled water, then soak roots in the resulting solution for 5-10 minutes.
You can dip roots into a solution of olive oil (two tablespoons per liter of water).
Popular recipe – onion infusion. Several bulbs are boiled half an hour when the infusion cools, keep the roots in it 7-10 minutes.
Orchid without roots: resuscitation in water
The lack of roots is a big danger to the plant, because through them the flower gets nutrients. Save the plant is difficult, but it is still possible, even if only leaves remained, and there are practically no healthy roots. In any case, the orchid remaining without the roots is worth trying to save.
Orchids in water
If the orchids rotted the roots, and the leaves remained the easiest, and therefore the most common way to save the plant is to repel the root system in water.
Delete all rotten and damaged processes. The pre-treated flower is placed in a deep glass jar with water, which add charcoal. The lower part of the plant comes into contact with the surface of the water, but the leaves should not fall into the water, stem. Orchid should be kept in water 6-8 hours a day. It is necessary to do it during the daytime, at night the orchid dries up to the next morning.
Constantly update water. Every day in the morning poured soft boiled or filtered water. After a few months, the first roots should appear, after which the orchid needs to be transplanted with sphagnum moss.
Additional Information! Feature, how to grow roots from orchid faster and more efficient. A teaspoon of honey or sugar syrup is added to the water of the liquid.
If the flower plant on the window is a greenhouse in which the plant will be at a constant, high humidity and comfortable temperature, and there is probability of saving even a seriously weakened flower without a root system.
Greenhouse for orchids
The air temperature in the greenhouse should be within 22-28 degrees of heat, and the humidity is within 70%. Lighting should be long, up to twelve hours per day. Hold the flower in such conditions until the roots rise by 3-5 cm. Then planted in a regular pot, and continue to care for all the rules.
Orchid diseases usually arise as a result of improper care. Observing the correct watering, neatly feeding, providing a plant enough light and air can be avoided by negative consequences in the cultivation of orchids.