The most sold and affordable are the orchids of the Phalaenopsis genus. Phalaenopsis – Care for orchids for beginners, and the most resistant cultural genera. These hybrids are better adapted for home cultivation than many other species. The store usually sells already blooming instances of phalaenopsis. It is much easier than growing a flowering plant from tubers.
How to choose orchid when buying
The young representatives are harder to grow, so they choose more adult plants. Buying a flower, pay attention to several basic signs, on which they define that the orchid is healthy: focus on the leaves and roots.
Plant leaves should be dark green, shiny, solid, without damage, spots and pests. On the bottom of the sheet there are no drops of plant juice, which indicates infection with suction pests. Below among the green can be yellow leaves, but it does not necessarily mean the disease – they are old and just fall.
The most important feature of the choice is roots. Roots and shoots should be fresh, green and silver. Orchid should have a strong root silver system, with green tips that did not surfaches.
Please note!in transparent plastic pots, while buying, you can learn the root system: it should not be broken or rotten.
Typical, coloring flowers and all the same size. They should not have suspicious brown spots.
How to care for orchid in a pot bought in the store
When transporting from the store home, you need to try not to expose the plant with a strong temperature difference, even for a short time. From the heat in the summer, as well as in the winter cold, they recommend wrapped the entire plant in the store, including a flower pot, in several layers of the newspaper. By bringing a plant home, leave it in this form at least for another hour so that the plant so that the plant should acclimatize, and did not suffer from temperature shock.
After they brought a new orchid home, keep it away from other plants. Hold them out of the reach of other plants within one or two weeks. It will help them get used to the new place. Quarantine is needed to eliminate the infection of other plants by pests and diseases from the newly acquired plant.
Do not expose it to strong cold, heat or direct sunlight. These orchids feel better at a constant temperature of about 20 ° C, which only slightly drops at night. Of course they can withstand higher temperatures!
scattered light on the windowsill
They need enough light, but not direct sunlight. In accordance with this, their location should be taken into account.
They grow them with high humidity, if possible, the roots need to be dipped into the water for 20 minutes every day.
A fairly often brought flower can become sluggish, loses greens, sometimes dies. The problem is that the plants in the store are stored on certain shelves, and so that the orchid is quickly sold, it should look very attractive. Beautiful blooming orchid – a bright green plant with large leaves and buds necessarily attract the attention of the buyer. Therefore, it is well watered, often fertility, provide the necessary level of temperature and humidity. At home it is not so easy.
Orchids in the greenhouse
Plants are very susceptible to changes in the environment. Indoor, where temperature, humidity and lighting are very different from the previous one, the flower can negatively respond: the buds and leaves dry out.
Fit flower It is necessary every day this is a simple process, and under the force of a novice flower. During acclimatization in an urban apartment, it is necessary to create an optimal temperature regime for the plant.
After high humidity in the greenhouses where the orchids are grown, Falenopsis turns out to be in a dry air in the apartment. Houses supported high humidity due to spraying plants. This procedure can be carried out 2 times a day. Leaves spray warm water for watering. This plant absorbs water not only through the roots, but also through the surface of the leaves.
Often, phalaenopsis after shopping dries out, so it is important to first not pour them with water so that the roots do not start. The most common mistake in caring for thermal-loving orchids is overflow. Due to the epiphytic lifestyle, air roots are poorly transferred constantly wet soil. The result is the lack of oxygen, the root rotting and the subsequent fading of the entire plant, as well as infection with fungal diseases.
Water flower only with clean water at the time of isolation. In the process of adaptation, go to normal irrigation mode. If the plant is healthy, grow well and develops well, then care for it after purchase is almost the same as care for ordinary adult blooming phalaenopsis, although certain features are still there.
Please note!Immediately after buying Falenopsis, it makes no sense to feed 2-3 months. Blooming instance before buying received a lot of fertilizers.
After buying the archman, it is necessary to gradually adapt to the sunlight. It is possible that before buying there was only artificial lighting in the greenhouse. It is best to place it on the southeast windowsill. The plant must be dialed against sunlight. The soft morning or evening sun does not harm orchids, but a sharp noon literally burns their leaves. The place is ideal where they get as much scattered light as possible.
Immediately after the acquisition, the flower is not transplanted, but preferably in the near future, after acclimatization, move it from time capacity in a permanent pot. Faleenopsis orchids are sold in soil, not very suitable for further cultivation. Therefore, it is appropriate to transplant the plant into a new substrate.
Orchid after transplant
Relatively unpretentious phalaenopsis and other species can be successfully grown in pots, if they provide them with a special permeable, air substrate with a limited amount of nutrients. Capacity should not be too big. If the roots fall on the surface of the pot, it is absolutely no matter. Due to the fact that the roots do not need the dark to choose transparent flower pots.
The cultivation pot of orchids should be translutent so that the light can reach the roots and photosynthesis occurred. Roots also need light, like leaves. It must be small. So that the roots of the plant mildly touch its edges.
The day before the transplantation, the new substrate is poured with boiling water to destroy diseases and pests. Leave it in water before landing. So he will have enough moisture. Carefully remove orchid from the vehicle pot, not to damage the roots. Carefully clean them and washed under running water. Clean secateur remove rotten and dried roots and leaves.
To improve permeability, a layer of large gravel or polystyrene is poured onto the bottom of the new pot. Drainage holes in the pot must be from below and throughout the side surface. The plant is placed in a new container, and a wet substrate pour out between the roots.
Air roots from orchid, what to do? The roots grown in the air are not buried into the substrate – they will die. Sometimes the darkening of the roots on the surface of the substrate can be caused by low humidity. In this case, the upper layer of roots actually dries out. If the roots inside the substrate in healthy orchids (with noticeable green tips), and the leaves are strong, the plant’s life is not at risk.
Please note! The flowering orchid is not recommended. It is necessary to wait until she blends, then continue the phalaenopsis transplant after the purchase.
The composition of the substrate is of great importance for the good development and health of plants. The main indicator of correctly selected soil is good bloom. The main component of the soil is the bark of conifer or deciduous trees. It is collected from dry trees and remove residues of resin and pests with long boiling.
- The drainage uses clayjit or perlite;
- Moss is used on the substrate to prevent soil drying.
Safagnum moss, perlite, clamzite, charcoal, etc. Strictly used as needed. They have their advantages and disadvantages, so their properties should be known before using.
Possible problems with orchid after buying
When caring for phalaenopsis, after purchase, the diseases of orchids may often arise, and their problems will show the leaves.
The most frequent problems and their reasons:
- Dark green leaves flax about weak light. Move orchid closer to the window, on the eastern or western side, or clarify this.
- Yellow leaves in a healthy plant mean his death. Instead, the plant puts a new plant.
- wrinkled leaves, as well as silver-gray roots are a sign of insufficient watering.
- soft and sagging leaves, from pale green to yellow – too strong sun, most often from the south side.
Crop the damaged leaves before a healthy part and move the flower in place with scattered light. Orchid will need time to recover.
pests and diseases of orchids
Phalaenopsis in the apartment may suffer from the invasion of harmful insects. Most often they are amazed:
- TRIPS and WLL;
- torment Cherver.
For their destruction, only purchased pesticides are used, the treatment of folk remedies does not give the desired result.
Orchids are most often amazed by fungal diseases from the convergence.
With damage to fungal diseases, the root rot leads to the death of the root system, the black and gray rot is formed on the leaves. The affected areas of the plant are removed, and are treated with solutions of fungicides.
The current popularity of orchids, as indoor plants, is associated with the unprecedented boom of their selection. Constantly appear new hybrids.