Kalanchoe (Kalanchoe) is a perennial plant of the family Crassulaceae. The genus has more than 200 species of herbaceous perennials, shrubs and succulents. Natural habitat – tropical and subtropical. In nature, a flower native to Australia, Asia and America.
Kalanchoe belong to the class of succulents, which are able to store water, and therefore can survive in the least suited to this environment. Leaves in favorable periods accumulate moisture which is then used for plant survival. These inhabitants of tropical adapted to stay long as in dry conditions and under conditions of high humidity.
If we talk about the culture room, in this case, the most common subtype – Degremon. It should be noted that such Kalanchoe blooms rarely and only in the winter. There is a sign, according to which the person who submitted flowered plant will be lucky and very happy.
Distribution of species
Kalanchoe, belonging to the class of cirrus, has a mixed origin: African and Madagascar, and it is home to tropical Africa, Madagascar. In nature, there are more than 200 species of Kalanchoe. At home, grown only a few of them: Kalanchoe pinnate, Blosfelda kalanchoe, kalanchoe Daygremonta, flowered kalanchoe. Different types of plants look different. Flowering kalanchoe is only used for room decoration. The flowers give the plant a festive look.
The healing properties
Kalanchoe juice has healing properties and is widely used in medicine.
Note!In order to use medicinal Kalanchoe Degremon.
Healing qualities attributed to its unique composition. Kalanchoe juice contains a variety of polysaccharides and tannin components, it is saturated flavonoids and organic acids. It is noted that the plant is represented by: a rich source of enzyme complexes; minerals and vitamin components; other active elements in biological terms.
Useful and therapeutic properties of Kalanchoe manifested in the fact that it is able to exert an anti-inflammatory effect on the mucous membranes of the nature: stomach, larynx, and others. Furthermore, the plant stops and expands blood vessels contributes to the removal of bacteria from the body.
We should not forget the impact of wound healing, accelerating the recovery of tissues, which have undergone damage. Kalanchoe shows a bracing and immunostimulatory effects on the body. It tones the body, giving more vigor and activity.
Byway fact is a manifestation of the positive effects of deviations associated with brain function, in particular dementia. Extract Kalanchoe effective in the treatment of abscesses, boils, pus wounds, trophic ulcers, dermatitis. He, as well as the plant itself, is characterized by rapid anti-inflammatory and healing effect, the ability to work to strengthen the immune system.
Help for diseases
Kalanchoe with a number of therapeutic properties, helps to cope with a number of diseases or disorders. For example, in order to strengthen the immune system, restore mental and physical strength to cope with prostatitis will be enough to eat 2-3 leaf plants per day. No less important will be the effect in the following cases:
Varicose veins, which relieve pain and swelling in the legs help of Kalanchoe tincture on alcohol; for dermatitis, therapy which is carried out due to external agents prepared from hardwood plant part; gastritis, which is being treated using Kalanchoe juice mixed with apicultural products and additional medicinal components; contusions, wounds and other skin lesions, to restore the plant which is used in pure form or in combination with other plants – aloe, chamomile leaves; periodontal disease, which makes it possible to reduce the degree of bleeding gums and reduce itching.
Kalanchoe is used in the fight against uterine bleeding and uterine mucosa destruction. In this case, use tampons, which are impregnated with the plant extract. The recovery cycle takes two weeks.
Kalanchoe drug used for medicinal purposes: the common cold, sore throat, cuts and ozhogah.Sok represented plant gets rid of sinusitis, rhinitis and recover faster when catarrhal syndrome. The extract was instilled into each nostril two drops twice during the day.
It is also proved that the Kalanchoe as a juice eases the fight against tuberculosis. In this case it is used as a normal drink, but diluted with water in a ratio of 1: 3. Use juice necessary for 0. 5 teaspoon twice in 24 hours (preferably equally spaced).
Contraindications and harm
Despite all of the therapeutic and beneficial properties of Kalanchoe has a contraindication to the use of:
Kalanchoe unacceptable to use at 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus, hepatic cirrhosis and hepatitis. Contraindication is the individual degree of intolerance, allergies, and any of the trimesters of pregnancy. Neoplasms are also a contraindication to the use of plants, and therefore before using it recommended to take professional advice.
Caring for Kalanchoe
Whatever purchased kalanchoe, care in the home for any representative of this plant is approximately the same. This flower is often not necessary to fertilize and repot.
Despite the simplicity of this culture, it is necessary to know how to care for the house of Kalanchoe. For Kalanchoe can choose any corner of the house, which gets little sunlight. He grows well in partial shade and in a scattered sunlight.
Additional information!Flowering kalanchoe species prefer the east or south-east direction of the light and extra light in winter. When the lack of lighting, they will stretch and weaken. The upper leaves are pale and the bottom can dry up.
Kalanchoe is grown under ambient conditions at a temperature of from 18 to 30 degrees. In summer, they are perfectly transferred heat in winter for their optimum temperature – from 16 to 18 degrees. At such temperature the formation of flower buds.
A period of drought forced Kalanchoe is easily tolerated – and the Gulf of acts detrimental. Excess water when watering is necessary to drain, so as not to have begun to rot the roots. Also from excessive moisture the plant will suffer from fungus and rot.
Home Kalanchoe not sprayed. To save the flower of dust accumulated on the leaves, it is sometimes wash in the shower, or wipe the leaves with a soft cloth to their surface would not start spider mite or mealy bug.
Flowering species of Kalanchoe important crop. Dried flower stalks, old and bad looking parts of the plant must be ubirat.Silnye young shoots are cut and, if necessary, used for rooting. Nipping the tops of stems leads to the formation of side shoots – otherwise the plant will be ugly to stretch and grow.
Flower is necessary to arrange the rest periods, since flowering weakens it. To do this, carry out the following activities:
- all cut flower stalks;
- pot installed in the cool shade;
- plant is not watered about 1.5 months.
- After a period of rest is returned to the place and fertilize.
Around 1 time per month Kalanchoe need to fertilize. Flowering varieties fertilize complex fertilizer so that they can bloom. The overabundance of fertilizer is harmful to the Kalanchoe. In winter, it is impossible to feed.
Kalanchoe grow quickly, so they need to repot each spring. If the roots do not go beyond the boundaries of pot grown plants can pour a new earth.
Important!is transplanted into a pot larger for predyduschiy.Tak like flowers very fragile leaves and stems it is carefully removed from the pot.
Also for these indoor plants are characterized by resistance to various diseases and pests. In addition, even begin to rot or disappear plant can catch divided into cuttings and root. It reproduces easily and often on their own with the help of children.
For the plant Kalanchoe is easy to care at home. Subject to certain rules of the flower will always please their appearance and beauty.