Botanical description of roses
Cultivated roses originated from wild roses, the most common of them is rose hips. The variety of roses is huge: wild (botanical) and garden forms. Today, more than 300 species and several thousand varieties are known in the world. Created over the centuries, they are constantly being added.
For convenience, roses are grouped, and each of them has many varieties. Each variety of roses has its own unique characteristics and characteristics. Most varieties grown in landscapes are hybrid varieties that are prone to many diseases and require good care to bloom beautifully. Like any plant, if you provide them with optimal conditions for growth, they will grow well.
Features of low-maintenance roses
Recently, breeders have focused on the resistance of roses to cold, diseases and pests. Varieties have been bred that have become easy to grow, and every year more and more easy-to-care roses appear on the market.
Pay attention! Modern varieties have attractive qualities for gardeners. Many of them with stunning beauty and high resistance to diseases and pests, to cold and arid climates. They allow gardeners to add them to their home landscape without requiring constant maintenance.
Disease resistance is a major consideration when choosing roses. Black spot, powdery mildew, rot and a host of other ailments can turn the most beautiful rose into a terrible sight. Hardy roses are grown without the use of chemicals to fight disease. Healthy and disease-free roses have increased resistance to pests, eliminating the need to prune affected foliage.
Drought-tolerant varieties will be able to withstand long periods without rain once established in the garden. A layer of crushed mulch around the plants will help keep the soil cooler and retain moisture. To avoid rotting, do not put it too close to the base of the plant.
Another benefit of low maintenance roses is that they bloom again every five to six weeks. They will bloom from spring until the first frost.
Modern, easy-to-care varieties of roses are self-cleaning, which means that after the flowers wither, they will naturally fall from the plants. If there is time to trim them, they will look neater. In addition, they will continue to bloom throughout the season.
How easy care roses are grown
Where to grow roses? The flowering of plants largely depends on their location. Roses like to be in the sun or in partial shade, protected from the wind. A rose that needs sunlight will not bloom in the shade. They require at least six to eight hours of sunlight per day to flower.
A garden with roses can be planted in spring or autumn, while preferring neutral soil for them. Rose bushes are monitored throughout the season to address any problems that may arise immediately.
Rose Growing Tips:
- for larger bushes, plant lavender at the base;
- use coffee grounds and tea leaves around the bushes, they slightly acidify the soil, which roses love.
- Banana peel is buried at the base of the bush to get magnesium – an element that plants need so much.
- 2 tablespoons of Epsom salts in the soil around the rose makes the blooms more intense.
The main procedures associated with the care of roses: planting, watering, fertilizing, pruning and preparing for winter. With the right amount of water and sunlight and a little care, roses should thrive.
The soil in the garden has a huge impact on the success of plant development. Roses love neutral soil and grow well in soil with a pH of 6.5 to 6.8. The pH level directly affects the availability of certain nutrients and the ability of plants to absorb those nutrients.
The soil for roses should be moist and well-drained, and watering in the summer months should be frequent and plentiful, avoiding stagnant water. The amount of water roses need depends on the season. If the soil has proper drainage, water the roses twice a week, making sure that the watering is plentiful. It is much better to skip watering and water heavily than to water a little every day.
Water roses at the base to avoid accumulation of water on the leaves. Roses are susceptible to mold, which thrives in damp environments, so always water roses in the morning or afternoon, but never water them at dusk. If watered at night, the soil doesn’t have a chance to dry out in the sun, which encourages mold to thrive.
Choosing roses that are easy to care for doesn’t mean they can be completely neglected. Even if you have chosen the perfect place for a rose, you still need to improve the soil so that the roses bloom better. Feed with fertilizer for roses after the plant takes root. After the first wave of flowering, fertilizer is applied to moist soil.
Feeding is avoided in late summer because the rose bush begins to prepare for dormancy and not to promote new growth. Fertilizer roses in the fall are completely excluded.
Ornamental shrubs need to be cut periodically, which contributes to their abundant flowering. As a rule, they are shortened at the end of winter, before the spring resumption of vegetation, removing dry or weak branches, especially inside the bush. Cut the stems of the plant to about 50 cm.
Some varieties of roses, including many climbing plants, bloom on the same branches year after year, so they need to be pruned in the summer after flowering.
Curly varieties will need support, so they can be placed close to walls and fences. They can be supported by grids, lattices. Shrub roses, which do not require special care, serve as an excellent hedge. They are planted separately or together with other plants.
Planting roses in autumn has its advantages: they have time to take root well before the onset of frost, and in the spring they quickly start growing. When a rose is planted in a garden, a hole is first prepared, twice the width and depth of the container in which it previously grew.
Gravel should be placed inside the hole for drainage. Water it before planting. When a rose is taken out of a plastic pot, the lower roots are slightly loosened with hands.
Before placing the plant in the hole, it is necessary to remove the soil around the roots, carefully expand the root system and cut the branches about half. After placing the roses in the hole, they are covered with nutrient-rich soil.
The bush should be flush with the soil. Water around the base and add a layer of mulch around the plant to control weed growth and improve drought tolerance.
Although cuttings and grafting are the main methods of propagation, roses can be grown from seed, especially when creating new varieties.
Reproduction by cuttings is almost always suitable to grow a particular or rare specimen. cutting off young and already lignified branches
The most unpretentious of roses
Growing a bright flower is quite simple, but this is a plant with special needs. Among the varieties of roses that are easier to care for, there are climbing, garden, or bush varieties.
The Knock Out family of roses are profusely blooming, low maintenance shrub roses that come in a range of hues from white, yellow and peach to a full range of pinks. Most of them will bloom throughout the season without worries. They simply do not require special care and attention.
They do best in the open sun. The Knockout Rose bush is very disease resistant. Resistance to black spot (a common fungal disease of roses) has made the Knock Out rose popular.
Sally Holmes – climbing rose (average about 3 m tall) produces creamy white inflorescences, iridescent pink. Low-maintenance rose is hardy to low temperatures.
Roald Dahl – a new English rose produces magnificent peach flowers. This is a shrub rose 1 m high.
Ebb Tide – Floribunda rose, known for its ease of care, produces plum purple flowers. It is hardy and can grow as a large bush to a height of 2 m. This variety is distinguished by strong and durable immunity.
Among the remontant varieties with longer flowering, Cinco de Mayo rose has recently appeared. The rose forms a beautiful spherical bush 60 – 80 cm in height. The flowers have an unusual orange color with lavender streaks. It has excellent immunity, does not require special care. Blooms several times per season with short breaks. The plant is frost-resistant.
Peach Drift is a gorgeous peach-colored ground cover rose that covers the plant from spring until the first hard frost. This rose blends well with existing perennials in any landscape and exhibits strong disease resistance.
Easy care roses Nitty Gritty with pink, yellow, red and white petals bloom from early summer to autumn. They do not require pruning to obtain full bloom.
Climbing rose First Editions Above Beyond for colder climates, ideal for areas with short summers. It grows quickly and decorates the landscape. This variety can be grown as a hedge.
All the Rage Roses has the beauty of hybrid tea roses. A disease-resistant shrub rose that blooms apricot. Flowers begin to bloom in late spring and before the first frost.
Easy Elegance Funny Face Rosé is a variety of shrub roses that is resistant to diseases and blooms constantly without the need for constant care.
The Oso Easy Double Red rose features rich red flowers on long stems that sit above dark, glossy green foliage. They do not require pruning for re-flowering and are resistant to powdery mildew and black spot.
Oso Easy Italian has soft yellow flowers with pink edges. No spraying, no pruning, blooms all season long! It is a self-purifying rose with excellent disease resistance, profuse flowers and a beautiful compact growth habit, making it an ideal plant for home gardens.
Oso Easy Urban Legend roses with semi-double red flowers contrasting with a crown of lush yellow stamens. It blooms from early summer to severe frosts, resistant to black spot and mold. Urban Legend grows up to 2.5 – 3 m in height and width, has sharp spines.
Chihuly’s wonderful floribunda rose has delicate orange flowers with yellow veins. Able to adapt to a wide range of growing areas.
It needs full sun for best results. Ideal for use as a hedge.