Description of indoor hibiscus
The species of this plant has about 300 trees, shrubs and grasses. It grows wild in subtropical climates. Most of them originate from the regions of China and East Asia. The second name is a Chinese or Sudanese rose, although the plant has nothing to do with roses. It belongs to the Malvaceae family.
At home, hibiscus grows in the form of a tree or shrub. It often depends on the desire of the owner. As a rule, it reaches from 1 to 2 m in height.
Hibiscus flowers with a high pistil, from 5 to 15 cm in diameter, although in nature there are also larger diameters (up to 20 cm The flowering period depends on the variety. It blooms most often from May to October, although flowers can be found all year round.
Normally, a hibiscus flower withers after 1-2 days, and new ones bloom in its place. With proper care, the bush can bloom continuously for 6-9 months.Hibiscus is known not only for its decorative appearance, but also for its useful properties. The famous karkade tea is made from its flowers.
Hibiscus: home care
A beautiful plant is easy to grow indoors. Hibiscus in a pot is planted in places facing south or west. In a sunny place, hibiscus blooms are more abundant, and in partial shade is limited. But it should not be exposed to direct sunlight because it causes leaf burns.
The Chinese domestic rose is quite sensitive to low temperatures: it sheds its foliage and freezes when the temperature drops to zero. The suitable temperature for hibiscus is +20 °C – +25 ° C, and in winter up to +14 °C – +16 ° C. Flower buds are tied at low temperatures. At +10°From and below the leaves of the plant begin to fall off. C
Houseplant hibiscus is not capricious to the soil. But most of all, a soil mixture of equal parts of sand, humus, peat and earth suits him. You can add small particles of charcoal. The soil should be light and loose so that air flows to the roots. They loosen the soil from time to time. Since the Chinese rose does not tolerate excess moisture in the soil, drainage must necessarily take care of it.
How often do I need to water my hibiscus at home?
The Chinese rose flower needs frequent watering to have good growth and abundant flowering.
During the hot summer months, it may require daily watering.
Pay attention! It is important to water the potted plant well and repeat as soon as the soil begins to dry, determining the humidity with your finger at a depth of 3-4 cm.
The hibiscus flower is not whimsical to such an indicator as humidity.
The Chinese rose is a houseplant that needs nutrients to have active growth, green foliage and abundant flowering. Fertilizers should be applied at regular intervals. Water-soluble fertilizer for flowering plants is applied every 2 weeks. In addition, in spring and early summer, you can add fertilizer with iron chelate, which contributes to the greening of hibiscus leaves. It can be alternated with organic fertilizers.
Hibiscus indoor responds well to spraying with a weak aqueous solution of root baits. In winter, it is better to use phosphorus and potassium fertilizers in half dosage. And during pronounced rest, they do not give top dressing.
Pay attention! Before you start fertilizing, you need to water the hibiscus. In a very hot summer season, fertilizers are avoided, because the Chinese indoor rose can experience stress.
How to trim a hibiscus
The home hibiscus flower needs annual pruning for good growth and abundant flowering. The best time for this is early spring, autumn By Pruning retain their shape, remove dry and weak branches. Cut branches can be used for reproduction by rooting them.
The first time pruning should be carried out at the age of two years. Then the procedure is carried out annually, since flowers are formed only on young shoots. Do not cut more than 2/3 of the branch.
In order for the Chinese domestic rose to have the shape of a bush and be more compact, the length of its stems is cut in half. If they want to form a small tree, remove the lower shoots and leave the central trunk and four central trunks, which are evenly trimmed from above.
How to propagate hibiscus?
You can create new hibiscus plants from seeds, but mostly they are bred by cuttings.
Hibiscus: propagation by seeds. To achieve the best results, hibiscus seeds are planted in spring in a special nursery, where conditions of high humidity and temperatures of about 20 ° C prevail, and in autumn seedlings are transplanted into pots. The seeds have good germination, and grow quickly.
Propagation of hibiscus by cuttings
For propagation by cuttings, cuttings 15-20 cm long are cut from the tops of non-flowering shoots in spring or summer. Remove 2/3 of the leaves at the base on them. Planted in seedling pots.
Young plants are transplanted every year, adults – after a few years. The best time is early spring. Remove all rotten or dried areas of the root system. After the transplant, it is well watered. This will help the roots to take root better.
How to plant hibiscus in a pot? For planting, choose a pot with a diameter of at least 30 cm. If a hibiscus with a longer growth has formed a tree, pots with a diameter of 40 cm are used so that the root system can develop better.
Pots must be chosen with a drainage hole to divert water from the base, and prevent rotting of the hibiscus roots. They use soil enriched with nutrients to ensure good growth and abundant flowering.
Transplanting can be replaced by updating the topsoil. At the same time, it is removed to a depth of 5 to 10 cm (depending on the size of the pot) and replaced with a new, fresher and more nutritious soil. A light, nutritious acid-neutral soil is suitable for the plant. This procedure can be done every spring.
Important! They put a new pot in the old place where the flower was before the transplant (he does not like moving).
What diseases and insects affect hibiscus?
Aphids, scabies and mites mainly attack, which create honeydew on the leaves. To combat insects and spider mites, the foliage is sprayed with a solution of green soap once a month.
In most cases, herbal soap or neem oil effectively reduces the population of hibiscus pests. You can use insecticides to get rid of insect attacks.
Hibiscus diseases – powdery mildew that causes brown spots on the leaves. For the treatment of fungal diseases, they are sprayed with a solution of copper and sulfur. You can spray it with a baking soda solution.
Keep the hibiscus clean to limit the possibility of insect nesting. If it can be easily moved, put it under the shower every couple of months.
What are the most common problems with hibiscus?
Hibiscus plant does not require excessive care. However, depending on the environment in which he grows and care, he may have problems.
If the buds fall off, the leaves turn yellow or crumble – this may be due to excessive watering, lack of nutrients, as well as insufficient sunlight.
- Yellow leaves are associated with a lack of water or excessive watering when excess water is not removed.
- Sudden leaf fall may be due to lack of water in hot conditions, as well as excessive watering, especially at low temperatures.
Yellow leaves may appear due to a lack of nutrients such as iron and nitrogen.
- Fertilizing with nitrogen fertilizers can have a direct effect on the fall of hibiscus leaves.
It should be noted that hibiscus flowers do not stay on the plant for long and fall off – this is normal!
Why does hibiscus not bloom at home
Flowers and buds are sensitive to touch, and after touching, they immediately close and fall off. Hibiscus does not bloom:
- do not fill them;
- transplant them into a pot that is too big;
- if the air is too dry;
- the temperature is low;
- if it is frequently rearranged.
Hibiscus requires a sunny side, moist soil and high humidity.
When the plant is too dry, it sheds flower buds and leaves. From October to February, it is necessary to limit watering, but do not allow the surface to dry out.
Observing simple rules of care, and this plant will delight with its flowering for a long time.