DESCRIPTION OF PALLAY CIKAS (CONGIONTH)
Today Cycas Revoluta is growing in natural conditions in East Asia, less often in Australia, Africa and Madagascar. As a room plant, Cycas Revoluta can be grown.
The coagists are a relative fern, and develop in the same way as ferns, but very fragile. As a house plant usually do not grow above 60cm, outwardly similar to the bush.
The scaly trunk is thick, and its surface consists of residual sheet plates that have already been dead. Long dark green leaves growing straight from the root can grow to one meter. A slow-growing plant gives only a few leaves per year. In room conditions, such a culture is extremely rare.
Cycas Revoluta lives long, even in a pot of up to 60 years.
Cultivation of the coagher in the pot
Indoor segregatives grow relatively simple. Fundamental rules:
- air-permeable soil;
- do not overflow;
- a lot of light;
- Heat and humidity during growth;
- less water in winter;
- Cupboard root neck;
- high flower pot;
- Drainage on the bottom of the flower pot;
- fertilize carefully.
The most important condition for a beautiful appearance is a large amount of light and heat.
Cycas Revoluta at home
Heat-loving plants need a suitable temperature and sufficient lighting. Suggurs grown in a half, form elongated unsightly leaves, and under insufficient lighting new leaves are not formed.
They need high air temperature in the spring, when new leaves grow. The most favorable temperature range for leaving in the summer – 23-26 ° C, in winter – 16-19 ° C (no reduction is allowed to 12 ° C). In the summer it is desirable that the plant is as much as possible in the sun (they can be moved to the balcony, terrace or in the garden).
The leaves may be discharged due to excessive heat in winter. Yellowing causes dry air or exposure to direct sunlight near the window, especially after the winter.
In winter, the congener is moved to a colder place. Cool premises will be a good space for him. Plants that overwhelmed in closed premises cannot be immediately exposed to sunlight at the beginning of the warm season. Hard solar lighting can burn leaves. Such a burn can be found on brown spots of the wrong shape on the leaves. So that the plant is accustomed to sunlight, put it in a partially shaded place for 1-2 weeks. At this time, a little sudden in the morning or in the evening. After the acclimatization phase, you can put it in a solar place.
How to Water Signstries
They love wet soil, but poorly carry overcoating, the soil surface after irrigation must be well moistened. Before the next watering the upper layer of the soil, they will die slightly. A drainage is needed in a pot, and excess water should be free free no later than 5 minutes after irrigation, because the overvailing quickly leads to the roots.
The plant needs elevated humidity (at least 50%), so spraying is carried out regularly. With dry air, the leaves are falling out: turn yellow, and then completely fall.
Additional information!If the humidity is high enough, plants will be healthy and well developed, provided that other care requirements are met.
In winter, at low temperatures, very little moisture requires, and when the temperature is below, the water dosage can be minimized, because the congener does not grow.
Since the coagher grows very slowly, it is not so difficult to fertilize it. The plant does not tolerate excessive fertilizers, so they fertilize them during the growing season from spring to fall once a month, using multicomponent liquid fertilizer solutions for indoor plants.
Cycasian rest period
Cycas Revoluta does not require rest. Due to the smaller speed in the winter months and shorter days, the growth of plants slows down significantly.
From October to March, lower temperatures are perfect for them (from 15 ° C to 17 ° C). Sugdans in winter do not fertilize.
Choosing a suitable pot and transplant
The coagicists grow slowly, the transplant is enough for him every three years. An important point is to choose a pot. Due to a very deep and powerful main root, it is recommended to use high pots that may not be too wide. The roots should have enough space for growth, so the container is mainly deep, and not wide.
Please note!can not be disturbed or transplanting the plant during the growth of leaves, otherwise it will stop growing.
The soil in which it is placed should be air-permeable. You can use a substrate for palm trees. Good drainage is always obligatory.
Acidness should be weak (pH 5.0-6.0) or neutral (pH 6.0-7.0). The acidification of the soil threatens to boot the roots.
Please note!plant a plant into a new container so that its stem is completely covered. Circas does not need trim.
As a disadvantaged plant, they can multiply by seeds, and start the landing of early spring.
reproduction of Japanese civilian seeds.they are sowed in about 4-5 months after harvesting, small seeds are sown to the surface and pressed a bit into the substrate. Support it wet and it is important that the seeds are warm. Seedlings are growing relatively slow, so seeding is a long time, but it provides a sufficient number of seedlings without any problems. Seedlings are transplant when they have at least two pairs of leaves and a decent root system.
The second way is to reproduce lateral shoots. They take them in winter when the plant is resting, and placed in the soil mixed with large sand. However, this method is quite demanding.
Diseases and pests
Cycas most often attack the following insects:
The greatest danger for the cycas represents the shields. Adult insects from the bush are removed by hand, and insecticides are used to destroy larvae.
Mathematical Chervests can be detected on all parts of the bush.
The presence of a web on the underside of the sheet (dry air, the web ticks contributes to this). Leaves dump, yellow and fall. Insects can be destroyed by flushing the plant with a soapy sponge and hauling warm water. If the time is omitted and the infection is too strong, a 0.15% AKTELIC insecticide solution is used (1-2 ml per 1 liter of water);
TRIPS promotes high temperature and dry air. With damage, the top of the sheet becomes gray-brown with a silver tint. The plant should be made by insecticides, if necessary, several times.
Most often, such a plant amazes rotting the root system. The affected bush must be transferred to the new substrate.
The yellowing of foliage in the cycas can occur due to insufficient or very frequent irrigation, or it was fed to the excessively concentrated nutrient mixture.
Cycas drooping is a poisonous plant, and it is important to teach children to properly handle plants.