Indoor Plants: Care Errors
Each plant has its own care requirements. Some needs above, and there are unpretentious room plants that are ready to put up with minor cultivation disorders. However, each plant is needed for growth and life.
All this contributes to the death of the plant, causes diseases:
- overflow and excessive soil dryness;
- damage pests and diseases;
- lack of light;
- dryness and disadvantage of fresh air;
- temperature drops;
- lack of fertilizers.
Much water, excess nutrients, old substrate or drafts – the greatest mistakes when growing indoor plants. How to avoid these errors?
Errors caused by improper irrigation are the most common cause of plant death.
Please note! This is the most frequent problem when growing houseplants. Indoor flowers more suffer from wetting than drought.
Water is needed by plants primarily for their growth and life in general. How much water is needed by a plant, it depends not only on the specific species, but also from the period, humidity, temperature, even material and the size of the pot.
watering room colors
Requirements of indoor plants to watering various throughout the year. Some need to be landing in the fall, so that flower buds formed, and during flowering they already consume more water. Therefore, it is useful to know which irrigation is needed by a plant that is grown in the house.
Some plants are satisfied with the minimum amount of water (cactuses, succulents), another, on the contrary, it is necessary to constantly slightly moist substrate (ferns, bromels). Larger plants, as well as plants with large leaves, need more water through which water evaporates faster. During flowering, the need for moisture is also increasing.
Dubbed houseplants watered so once a week, and the substrate should be given well. When watering always check the finger, the base of the soil dried, then go to the watering.
As a result of excessive irrigation, the plant can start rotting.
Then the process of rotting the roots, stems, and the plants die out.
In winter, plants need special care! They need less light, and also less water. But some species still need a slightly wet substrate – watered very economically. In winter, houseplants are resting and not growing greatly. They are not fertile, and without need not watered with water. They can withstand less water at this time.
With excessive cutting of the substrate, the crust is formed on the surface, and the substrate will be badly passing the air. In the undercurrent soil, the plant dries and dies.
For growth in addition to water, the plant requires lighting. Lack of daylight is a big problem for indoor plants. Such plants are deformed, as stems and leaves stretch to the nearest light source, that is, to the window. If the dark room is placed plants suitable for darker rooms that will not interfere with the lack of light.
Not only the disadvantage, but also excess sunlight can harm the plant. Not all indoor flowers tolerate straight sun rays. With a long stay in the sun, burns appear on their leaves, and the leaves fall out over time. Put a plant in the shadow so that it can grow again.
Additional information! You need to carefully consider the choice of the correct location for one or another plant. For most plants, there is enough scattered light in the room. Ficks love light, but very sensitive to drafts and temperature drops, ferns do not tolerate direct sunlight, prefer the half.
Most like wet air, and humidity control is necessary. In winter, this is a problem when plants grow slowly. Palms, ficuses, ferns strongly suffer from dry air and lose their beauty.
With dry air, they become target for various pests. Spray plants using resistant, not too cold water so that on the leaves there are no white spots, accommodation in the room of bowls with water or evaporators will moisturize the air indoors.
Cold drafts – the murderer of the majority of houseplants. As a result, some may be due to inflorescences. It is necessary to transfer plants to where there is no risk of drafts.
Nutrients for indoor plants
Too many nutrients – one common error in the cultivation of indoor plants. Excessive fertilizer harms plants: damages the root system. A large amount of nitrogen causes rapid growth, leads to a decrease in plant resistance to pests. Frequent and strong fertilizers with liquid preparations destroy the substrate.
important!During the growing season, they feather a maximum of once every two weeks, in winter only once a month, and in half concentration.
The substrate for indoor plants ensures their healthy growth and root development.
It must be enriched with the necessary nutrients, to absorb water well and provide air flow to roots. If not to transplant plants for many years, the substrate has no nutrients and the air penetrates badly into it. As a result, the plant begins to weaken, does not forms new shoots and does not grow, it can cause the yellowing of the leaves and the death of instances. We always transplant in the spring. The new vase is prepared, more than three centimeters of the previous one with a diameter of a minimum.
Get rid of dust and pests
It is important not to forget to remove dust from the leaves. Pollution, dust can also cause a plant output. All this disrupts the proper breath of the plant.
If it is regularly washed, clean the plant from dry leaves and colors can prevent pest reproduction. It is important to keep pots clean.
If the plant dries out, and the soil has the desired humidity, it is necessary to check the roots (there may be pests), and transplant the plant into good soil, in a larger pot. If the roots are in order, put the appropriate minerals, in the form of fertilizers, which may not be enough to plant.
Problems that can be encountered when growing indoor plants
If the soil and roots are in order, and the plant does not grow, the reason will be lack of light. It is necessary to change the location, put closer to the light and maintain an acceptable plant temperature.
- leaves lose elasticity and yellow – drafts or lack of light. It is also associated with the holding of calcium in the soil and his assimilation of the plant.
- Brown or yellow edges of leaves – dry air, temperature drops, irregular watering or inappropriate light.
- Sudden foaming of the leaves caused by a sharp change of living conditions: plants acclimatization after shopping, cold drafts, temperature drops, watering very cold water, bad light mode.
- Feeding buds and flowers: the cause is dry air, the absence of watering or lighting, change in location, pest contamination, or nitrogen deficiency.
- leaves are losing color and brighten. It can be caused by a red spider, bright light or mold.
- Dark green bodies on light green leaves are caused by an excess of iron and nitrogen in the soil. The mosaic of the leaves is caused by the disadvantage of iron, copper and sulfur in the soil.
- Pestry leaves are losing color and become green. This is due to the lack of light or excess nitrogen in the soil.
- leaves and stems areep. The reason is the disease, infection of pests or overflow soil.
- Plant is slowly growing: at the right period, it lacks minerals in the soil, light, or too dry or overwhelmed soil.
Houseplants bring comfort to our homes. To enjoy them for a long time, you need to care for them. The causes of diseases and ineffective growth can be a set.