Description of View
Cpatifillum – a perennial herbaceous plant of the family Araceae. In the natural environment the plant grows up to 30 cm (there are higher and dwarf varieties) lives in tropical rain forests of America, and Southeast Asia. Of the 45 existing species in the indoor horticulture is grown only a few of them: Spathiphyllum Wallis lozhnovidny, kannolistny, floriferous. Their main differences are: height, length of leaves, inflorescence color. Common symptoms: bright green leaves and unusually shaped flower,
NoteSpathiphyllum has an unusual structure: it has no stem, and its oval or pointed tip tomno- green leaves grow from the root
Flowering begins in spring and until the autumn. Next to the old leaves appear young shoots. Emerged inflorescences – ear lobe with a sharp white. At the end of flowering white framing it turns green.
Frequency of flowering depends on the variety. Usually – it is the period from April to October. Some varieties can bloom twice a year, and sometimes year-round.
The cultivation and care
This plant with the minimum requirements.
Location & Lighting
Spathiphyllum grows better in bright light and high humidity,
Spathiphyllum completely nepriveredliv and thrives in partial shade, and even in the shade, but only if it is constantly kept in a dimly lit room, its leaves become shallow,
The windows on the south side it is important to pritenyat it from direct rays of the sun. If a flower will grow in diffused light, it will bloom much longer, and besides, the bush will be larger. It is important to protect the plants from drafts.
Flower room to grow and develop normally, it should be abundantly watered, and to maintain a high humidity in the room. In the summer it is often watered, winter – in moderation. Due to the stagnation of fluid in the soil can rot the roots and the plant may die, but also to dry the substrate in the pot should not.
Additional informationIf a flower needs water, its foliage wilts and when overly abundant watering – on the surface appear brown spots
For irrigation use well-settled water. You can from time to time to water it in the shower. In the wild it grows in damp places, and indoors it also needs high humidity, although tolerant and to another climate.
In the growing season room air temperature must be kept about 22 degrees and not be below 18 degrees. In the cold season to the room it was not colder than 16 degrees, otherwise it will slow down the development of the bush. By reducing the air temperature to 10 degrees and below may appear on flower blight, which leads to its death. Just kill the plant can and drafts.
Flowering buds-cobs robs the plant a lot of energy, and in this period he needs fertilizing fertilizers. Fed flower in warm season every 10 days any fertilizer for flowering houseplants.
With good care the plant is growing rapidly and needs a transplant. Spathiphyllum transplanted every 1-2 years, in the spring or summer, in the bigger pot. In too large pot it will not bloom. At the bottom of the tank is poured drainage, renew soil and covered the underground part of the plant still a land.
The most effective method of reproduction is Spathiphyllum division method. This method is very convenient and easy to carry out. The root system is practically not affected by this procedure. The resulting processes should be put in separate small pots. Young blossom flowers start in about 8 months.
Propagated Spathiphyllum basically dividing the bush, seeds rarely. Even experienced gardeners are rarely resorted to this method because it is time consuming and does not always produce the desired result.
Reasons for lack of flowering
If the bloom is absent, it is necessary to think about the conditions of the plant.
- The soil is not fertile and the plant does not have enough nutrients for flowering.
- The pot is too large, and the root grows and all power goes to his height.
- The stagnation of moisture in the soil.
- The overabundance of fertilizer or root disease. In this case, the plant can not absorb nutrients.
- The lack of light. In low light flower are undernourished. Enough to rearrange the plants in a bright place, and it blooms.
- Direct sunlight, improper watering can also cause lack of blooms.
The difficulty in growing
When growing Spathiphyllum can run into some problems. If Spathiphyllum leaves are beginning to turn black and dry, then the problem of watering – too little water, or vice versa – a lot of fluids. Also possible reason may indicate a lack of nitrogen or phosphorus.
Another sign that the plant is not enough moisture – is yellowed leaves. You can arrange a flower once a week swimming in the water. It will also serve as an excellent prevention of the emergence of all kinds of pests.
If it does not bloom – so the room temperature is too low, or lack of humidity.
There is still a possibility that the flower is not enough feeding. If everything is in order, then it is likely the plant is simply old and flowering of a lot of work for him
Note!Timely pruning obsolete stems allows the plant to build up strength.
Diseases and pests
Spathiphyllum disease can cause insect pests, fungus spores. Most often, he is attacked by thrips and mealybug.
- If the walls of the pot or the soil surface appears white or gray patina – this means that in the roots was got aphid
- If the flower began to lose brightness leaves, and then completely fades, the roots struck root rot.
- When the fungal spores fall on the leaves, the leaves are covered with spots of brown color.
Spathiphyllum responds well to the care, thankfully grows and blooms – it is necessary to surround him minimal attention. This ornamental plant has a positive effect on human health – cleans the air from harmful substances.