How to properly care for the spring for a garden strawberry?
It requires special care, and it is constantly necessary to water, fertilize, treat from pests and diseases. Caring for strawberry beds in the spring begins immediately as soon as the snow melts, the soil will dry and warm up. From plants, shelter, protecting them in winter from frosts. The removal of mulch allows the sunshine to freely penetrate the plants and the ground, heating them.
The very first thing you need to do is remove old leaves and weeds from strawberry beds.
Old leaves are removed
The earlier the strawberry plantation will be cleared, the better. In the remains of plants since last year, the pathogenic microorganisms and insect larvae.
Quite often, the strawberry survived the winter badly, and some leaves may be damaged by frost, diseases. Such leaves together with stems are cut and burned. Substressive leaves collect pathogens of various infectious diseases, insect pests winter.
The mechanical impact of robbles is not able to apply significant damage, only patients or weak leaves are removed.
Protect it from pests and diseases, from the larvae remaining in the land. Treatment hot water up to 95 ° C, destructive for soil pests. Potassium permanganate (to a slightly pink color) or 15 drops of iodine on the water bucket) are added to the water.
The next step of care: the removal of weeds, as a result, the air will be better to penetrate the roots of the plants.
In the aisle and under the bushes, the soil is exploded, then sprinkled with sawdust or crushed straw. Mulching allows you to create a more favorable microclimate, which will have a positive effect on strawberry harvest. The mulch layer should be about 3-5 cm.
This will help longer maintain moisture in the soil and reduce the frequency of watering.
Advantages of strawberry mulch:
- Under the coating layer, moisture is delayed, can be less likely to water;
- Mulching stops the growth of weeds, which allows you to do without removing them;
- lying on straw or hay, berries do not touch the ground, do not get dirty and do not rot.
Additional information!Soil looser must be carried out with extreme caution so as not to hurt the roots, which are very close to the surface of the Earth. If the roots of the strawberry places are places, they are sprinkled with the earth.
At the same time, nitrogen-containing fertilizers can be made.
Watering Strawberries in the spring
Immediately after winter, the soil is wet, impregnated with melt water, but the moisture evaporates very quickly. If during this period there are no rains, strawberries are watered, about once a week. Use warm water, as the culture reacts negatively to the temperature of the fluid, it is necessary to warm it in the sun. It is possible to determine the need for watering strawberries in early spring in the appearance of the leaves. If they are twisted, dry, then plantings must be urgently moistened.
Please note!The lack of water negatively affects the development of plants and the formation of their floweros. It is important to water the beds of strawberries during the bootonization period, when the bushes form the ovary. They water them abundantly, impregnate the soil to a depth of at least 40 cm.
Excessive humidity is harmful to strawberries. It creates favorable conditions for the development of fungal infections and rot. If the weather is cold and rainy, watering is not conducted.
Putting fertilizers – a mandatory stage in the care of strawberries. For the first time fertilize when the active growth of shrubs begins, before flowering.
healthy leaves on strawberry
It stimulates the development of green mass and the formation of flowers of flowers. The application of fertilizers is carried out only at a soil temperature not less than 8 – 10 ° C. If it is lower, then the roots of the plants simply cannot absorb nutrients.
Nitrogen fertilizers are entered when plants begin to grow new leaves and stalks. Undercalinking in spring, based on nitrogen, is necessary for the rapid development of new leaves, to increase the size of the berries. With a lack of nitrogen, the plants give minor tasteless berries. Phosphorus and potassium are used from mid-April.
Strawberries are well amenable to leaf feeding. Spray bushes with solutions of organic fertilizers. It is useful before flowering spraying the strawberry bushes with a solution of boric acid.
Feed strawberries and mineral fertilizers, combining feeding with watering. There are comprehensive fertilizers for sale for garden strawberries.
Good use fertilizers for strawberries with humats. Humaths are a natural plant growth stimulator, contribute to the best absorption of mineral fertilizers. The urea is ideal for the proper fertilizer of strawberries, but when it is overdose, the taste of berries is worse.
Phosphorus is the most important element of power, which is responsible for the formation of the root plant of the plant, affects the formation of fruit (quantity and quality). Bor is responsible for the sugar content in berries. Boric acid should be used correctly. Spray during the formation of fruits.
Many gardeners use only organic fertilizers, as they are considered completely harmless unlike mineral supplements, the excess of which negatively affects the taste of berries and makes them dangerous to health.
Very popular strawberry strawberry yeast. It is best to do that before flowering. 100 g of fresh yeast (or 30-35 g dry) and 100 g of sugar are dissolved in 5 liters of warm water. The fermentation process takes from 1 to 3 days, not forgetting it regularly stirring it. Then the resulting mother liquor is diluted with water 1/10. Each plant is watered (approximately 0.5 – 1 l). The solution is used immediately, it is impossible to store it. To obtain a good harvest, the harvest twice is watered by this agent before flowering.
The introduction of yeast reduces the presence of potassium in the soil, so it is necessary to replenish it immediately after yeast feeding in a week. Dark (brown) ends of the leaves indicate the lack of potassium. You can prepare infusion of wood ash: 100-200 g of ashes on 10 liters of water and then pour 1 liter. Under each bush
Spring Strawberry Pruning
Cardinal trimming is carried out in the fall, but depending on the situation, this procedure can be transferred to the spring. Strawberry leaves need to cut very carefully, so as not to hook the core and healthy young plates. Because of this damage, the plant will be hurt for a long time and can even die. All sockets are cut into a height of 5 cm, it is impossible to cut the leaves low, as it can damage new buds.
Spring Conducting Strawberry Bushes
Culture grows well and fruits in one place (without transplantation) for 3 years, then the yield drops sharply. After this time, the plantation should be changed, because the bushes are aging over time, increase, it becomes closely, nutrients are not enough, and the number of pests is rapidly increasing.
In early spring, garden strawberries actively increasing the green mass, so survival at this time increases significantly, even damaged plants are capable of quickly fit in a new place, tolerate minor damage to small roots. Spring is considered the most favorable period for cutting strawberries.
Common Errors in Strawberry Care Spring
Some inexperienced gardeners may be wrong, and during the first spring feeding make too much or too little nitrogen. Pubsove promotes the development of green mass due to fruits.
Low trimming can damage the point of growth, as a result of which the bulk of the crop may die. Moisturizes the soil rarely, but abundantly. Deep loosening around the bush to a depth of more than 5-7 cm can damage the root system. Watering with concentrated fertilizer is made solely under the root, not hurt leaves, otherwise they can be burned.
Strawberry: Care Spring feeding and pest treatment. Prevention and struggle with pests and diseases
Strawberry plantations are often infected with pest insects and various diseases.
Preventive measures occupy less time and effort than the subsequent struggle with them. Therefore, in the spring, special attention is paid to preventive measures to combat pests and strawberry diseases.
The most common of them:
- transparent strawberry tick;
- Guessing beetle;
- Major beetles (larvae).
Diseases that are most often amazed:
- Muphous dew;
- root, white and gray rot;
- viral mosaic;
- Fuzarious wilment.
For the treatment of diseases of strawberries in the spring, it is enough to use folk remedies, not strong chemistry. They are quite effective in preventive purposes, and do not damage plants.
Important! When processing strawberries in early spring, it is necessary to spray not only the plants themselves, but also the soil between them, because it was pests in it.
Watering with water heated to 95 ° C. destroys most of the larvae and the eggs of pests on the leaves and in the cores. With proper preventive processing, you can prevent the spread of fungal infections and damage to malicious insects:
- ammonia destroys pests and is a nitric fertilizer;
- Strawberry landing is treated with iodine from gray rot;
- Crickerels disinfect with a weak solution of manganese;
- mustard solution helps to fight slumps on strawberries;
- garlic arrows can be prepared with a solution of garlic;
- Infusion of onion husk scares pests;
- strawberries are treated with decoction wormwood;
- Hydrogen peroxide helps fight strawberry rotting.
Types of herbs that scare harmful insects, plant next to strawberry beds. The biological method of plant protection works efficiently and absolutely safe.
Strawberry together with garlic
Garlic, planted among strawberry bushes, scares pests, thanks to the insecticidal properties, the number of pests will significantly decrease. Garden strawberries are treated with ammonic alcohol from ants, from the larvae of the beetles. The product not only protects plants, but also saturates them with nitrogen. On 10 liters of water, 40 ml of ammonia alcohol and 1 house. Soap in chips.
Boric acid prevents infection with bacteriosis and root rot. Prepare solution: 1 g of acid 10 liters. Warm water, and mix well. On 1 bush of strawberries – 0.3 liters of solution, then the ground is sprinkled with ash.
Bordeaux liquid is a well-known fungicide tool Used immediately after removing the mulch and the second time immediately before flowing. The liquid is prepared from 100 g of copper mood and oversized lime on the water bucket. The components are dissolved separately, and only after that is mixed. The solution is used to disinfect the soil from the development of anthrax, pulse dew and gray rot.
For the processing of the soil under the growing strawberry, a weaker solution is prepared: 30 g – by 10 liters. Processing is conducted before the appearance on the bushes of new green leaves.
Wood ash, full of bushes saves strawberries from the attack of snails. Strawberry treatment with iodine is effective from mildew and against larvae of May beetles in May. Processed before flowering. On 10 liters of water 1 l of milk and a tincture of iodine 10 drops.
Spring spraying strawberries are carried out by a solution of manganese. The processed solution should be pink.
Urea is not only fertilizer, but also a fungicidal agent. It is sprayed in the spring with a strawberry with diseases: scaffolding, spottedness, as well as weevils, tle, etc. 30-40 g of substance on the water bucket. Processing strawberries before the leaves begin to grow.
Copper sulfate spray garden strawberries from major fungal diseases before the appearance of green young leaves. Composition: 100 g of copper sulfate is dissolved in 10 liters of water, 20-25 plants. Re-applying, if necessary, is carried out after 2-3 weeks.
Grow fragrant and delicious berries is not as difficult as it may seem at first glance. Observing the entire complex of the necessary spring events and bothering a little, you can always get a good harvest of garden strawberry.