Features park roses
Rose Park – shrub that can reach three meters in height. Park group as the group is divided into pletistyh blooming and blooming once again.
Once flowering need to save last year’s shoots – or flowering they will not.
Park roses are often used for decoration of the hedge – it is grown as a shrub or a climber on a support.
Roses grow best on moisture-resistant, fertile, well-drained soil in a sunny spot. They are very responsive to mulching and feeding.
They do not grow and bloom in the dry, poor or boggy ground. When planting it is important to add to the heavy clay soil compost, peat to improve soil drainage. On sandy soils, add compost helps retain moisture at the roots of the plant.
Bushes should be illuminated by sunlight for six to eight hours a day for the best growth and flowering. A little buds will bloom in the shade.
In hot climates need to protect the plants from the hot midday sun, and in the cold to reduce the damage from freezing .. Planting next to a fence or wall will help keep them from freezing.
The best time for planting – spring and six weeks before the cold weather. This allows the plants to take root before winter.
Roses with bare-root planted in the spring, and they should be planted immediately after purchase.
The size of the hole into which a bush is seated is essential for good growth process. For planting hole dug such that it easily accommodate the roots, while providing drainage – roses do not like wet soil.
Soil from the landing pit is mixed with garden compost, peat. At the bottom of the hole, add a little fertilizer and placed to the bush. Filling the hole with soil, watering thoroughly. Neck plants should be located at ground level in a temperate climate, cold 10 cm below the ground level. After planting watered again, and then poured loose soil around the trunk.
Bushes should be regularly fed in during the season. Fertilizers provide plant nutrients: nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium and others. nutrient content in mineral fertilizers is higher than in organic, so they need to use less once in spring and once in autumn ..
Roses feel well when soil moisture around the bush is uniform throughout the growing period. The amount and frequency of watering depends on the type of soil and climate in the region. Plants growing on sandy soils need more watering than those on the heavier clay soils. The hot, dry climate hurts them.
Watering is carried out directly to the roots, avoiding contact with the leaves. Wet leaves can cause diseases such as black spot and powdery mildew.
Pruning roses throughout the season keeps them well-groomed, stimulates flowering throughout the season. Inflorescence stem below the first cut with five leaves.
The best way to prevent diseases of roses is to choose disease-resistant varieties. that can withstand the most common diseases.,
Powdery mildew usually appears in the summer, when the days are hot and dry and the nights are cool and moist. The leaves on the bush curl and they appear white plaque. To avoid contamination of the plants watered in the morning at the ground level. Wet leaves, especially at night, contributor to the disease.
Good air circulation through the foliage, also helps prevent the growth of white bloom.
Blackspot is a fungal disease transmitted through water. It manifests itself in the form of a round black or brown spots on the upper leaf surface, to prevent this disease as it is possible to improve air circulation and irrigation at ground level.
Baking soda in a mixture with a vegetable oil, organic fungicides to help combat the spread of these diseases.
Insects that feed on rose bushes like: aphids, Japanese beetles and spider mites sawflies. Most of these pests can be destroyed by insecticidal soap. Aphids can be washed off in the morning the pressure of water from the hose.
Features planting and care of the park rose in Moscow, Siberia, the Urals
Park roses are widely grown in Russia: in the Moscow region, Siberia, in the Urals.
Hardy and frost-resistant varieties bred in Siberia parks. There are several regional climate is harsh for the culture, so from growers required to comply with agricultural techniques, careful selection of winter-hardy varieties and shelter for the winter.
Gardeners Urals also have every opportunity to cultivate your own rose garden, despite the difficult climatic conditions of the region. But thanks to the efforts of breeders there are varieties that are well adapted to a similar climate and feel completely comfortable. Moscow park rose even in snowless winters do not require shelter.