Gardening is not just a beauty conceals unsightly buildings, but also decorate the site. The shoots have a lot of branches even in the bottom of the bush, because the plant looks very priglyadno.
Rosa Santana climber description
Santana is one of the beautiful species belonging to the category of climbing roses.
- The plant re-flowering, a rich-red flowers up to 10, see the diameter.
- Semi-double, they are beautiful at all stages of the dissolution. a long time do not fade.
- Small brush consisting of 3-7 flowers bloom not only in the upper part of the bush, but in all shoots below.
- The smell of the plants easy, but very pleasant.
- The bushes are resistant to rain and damp weather.
- In the rain Santana become even brighter.
- The shrub can grow up to three meters high.
- The branches had enough elastic, do not require additional support.
- to disease Santana rose is not very sensitive.
Excellent characteristics – luxuriant bloom, ruggedness and resistance to disease Santana did very common hybrid varieties, are in great demand among gardeners.
One of the important steps of growing climbing roses, is the right choice of location for planting. Climber Rosa Santana – photophilous plant and the site is required for it perfectly purged, but draft-free. Suitable option – a south side portion. If the site was chosen correctly for planting roses, it is possible that they may bloom next year. Wells for planting do 50 x 50 sm.Ih necessary to prepare in advance. Before landing in the pit to fill a bucket of compost and abundantly watered.
The secret is well developed and abundant flowering roses depends painstaking choice of seedlings.
Bleed the bushes with two or three matured, woody stems with bark intact and extensive root system.
planting time – from mid-April to mid-May, from mid-September to mid-October. Put the plant to a depth of 30 sm.Pered planting seedlings prepared. They are soaked in water for several hours before planting.
Remove the leaves and shoots are damaged, disinfected using a three-percent solution of copper sulfate.
After planting, the top of the bush should be cut, leaving the shoots of 20 cm. This will help the development of the plant.
Santana rose for the first year of life requires special care, and then it will be possible to pay less attention. Care is to follow
pruning branches to form the crown, in order to avoid unnecessary gelled.
Water the plant, usually once a week, if it rains – less, and if there is a dry weather without precipitation, the water is applied more often.
Fertilizer during the growing season there is a certain method. She needs about 5 fertilization. Humus strewn landing will feed rose another two years, and fertilizer it needs. Nitrogen improves deciduous shrub cover, and so improves the quality of the shoots. Phosphorus increases flowering. Potassium reduces the possibility of occurrence of diseases.
Organic fertilizer: manure or manure, peat or humus and other herbal.
diluted in water or make of their infusions and pouring under a bush in a good feeding.
In the spring, after removing the shelters make the first feeding. In the summer of the first and second buds blossoming.
Fertilizing is best done in the evening, the weather is dry.
This is one of the important aspects of care for the climbing roses. If not properly trim the bush zarastot, it will be worse to grow, flowering will be poor.
Young shoots are removed, so that there was no excessive thickening leave the shoots, formed last year, which tied the inflorescence. In Santana, the formation of a branch with flowers 3 years in a row, after which they wither. Therefore, the main shoot is removed after 3 years on the 4th. Leave a couple of new shoots, and 7 of flowering.
Pruning before the winter is carried out to prepare the plants to pokoyu.Srezayutsya sick, damaged and long young branches with the greatest length.
Diseases and pests
Rose Sonata is resistant to many diseases, but the plant should be inspected periodically to detect the disease in time and in time to disinfect it.
Bacterial canker appears growths on the roots and the plant may die. Infected areas are removed, the roots are treated with copper sulfate.
Powdery mildew – a white coating on the leaves and stems. The plant develops poorly, flowering scarce. Affected areas are removed and burned.
The dark spot – the emergence of dark spots on the leaves and shoots. Also remove the affected leaves and spalivayut. Good preventive maintenance – fertilizing phosphorus and potassium fertilizers.
In the spring, before bud break, rose bushes are sprayed with copper sulfate.
Preparing for winter
Roses are hardy, but more suitable for cultivation in regions with a mild climate.
In August, you need to think how to be winter roses. To this end, in late summer cease to apply nitrogen fertilizer. Fed only potassium and phosphorus – these fertilizers stop the growth and contribute to the maturation of the wood.
In early September, stop loosening the soil between the bushes and the formation of plants. so as not to trigger the development of shoots from the buds that are at rest.
At the end of October or in early November (depending on weather conditions), completely removed the leaves from shoots climbing roses.
With the onset of cold weather if it snowed all reliable retains heat and protects from frost. After the first snowfall, collect snow and sprinkled them rosebushes.
Covering material spruce branches, fir sawdust for shelter roses.
Synthetic covering material lutrasil, AGROTEKS, spanbord – the simplest solution voprosadlya roses shelter.
Climbing rose Santana – undemanding plant. Applying a small amount of effort, you can grow a beautiful rose garden. Roses are the adornment of any garden and park.