Characteristics of the plant
Tea roses, which are cultivated in the garden, resistant to adverse environmental factors. Tea roses are different from other types of delicate aroma, reminiscent of the smell of fresh black tea, which is why it was named. Dimensions of Culture is largely dependent on the variety. They are stunted (50 cm) and curly (up to 2 meters and above), with oval leaves of dark green color.
Yellow tea rose[/caption]
Modern perfectly suited for cutting, are more than 100 species, usually on a stalk of a flower bud, which makes them suitable for cutting. They bloom continuously from early summer to late autumn. This species is much more resistant to the cold, growing in open ground at a shelter in the winter.
White Rose, which is called Alba, refers to the ancient roses. Diffuse large bushes or climbing upright habit with white or pale pink flowers are collected in inflorescence of 5-7sht. They bloom once a year: in spring or early (mid) summer. Unopened buds that form pale pink, and when expanded, becomes emerald, with excellent flavor.
Until 1860 it was known 60 species that belonged to Rosa Alba. Currently, they have about 10 – 12 grades. Use pink shrubs as living curbs, fences, for the cultivation of flowering arches.
Features planting and care of the crop in the open field, at home, in a pot
How to care for tea shrub roses so that they grow up healthy. Care includes:
- pruning shoots,
Culture loves to grow in full sun, sheltered from strong winds. Insufficient amount of sunlight causes a poor quality blooms, a high probability of disease. She is light-requiring, but in direct sunlight it flowers fade, and there are burns on the leaves. In full shade rose bushes will fight for growth and flowering. Fungal diseases are distributed mainly in the wet leaves. It determines the choice of the landing site – sunny, with a midday shadow, excluding the north and north-easterly wind.
Draughtproof solid fence or hedge. You can plant a tree near a small height. It allows to hide the roses from strong winds, and thus will be the normal circulation of air around the bushes.
Well-drained soil is preferred plants usually do not cope well with moist soil. If the place where you will grow a rose wet, the soil at planting mixed with sand and compost to improve drainage.
Digging planting holes wide enough and deep enough to comfortably accommodate the roots of the plants in them. After planting, the soil is compacted and well watered. Shrubs planted at a distance of 80-100 cm from each other.
Note!In northern climates when landing on the neck of the stem hide 3-5cm below the soil level, in warmer climates, slightly higher.
Most roses need pruning stems, which eliminates old and weak branches. In the center of the plant should be good air circulation, the open space of sunlight. The best time to trim the shoots in early spring – before bud burst.
To maintain the flowering stems should be thicker than a pencil, old branches are cut to the core. It contributes to the emergence of new shoots, and increases the circulation of air in the center of the plant.
Tea rose potted[/caption]
For planting are selected miniature varieties that are better suited for tight spaces. Planting should be done in a special soil for roses. The soil on which the room is grown rose, should be nutritious, but not heavy, the roots should always receive the air, so the soil in the pot should be regularly loosened.
Container pick more, to a large root system was free there is. Drainage prevent emergence root rot. When transplanting Be careful not to damage the root system, not shake off excess soil as the roots of plants are very sensitive and easily damaged.
Gently seedlings were placed in a previously prepared hole, well tamped soil and watered. Keep the plant moist until its root system adapts to the new environment.
They do not need immediately after purchase transplanted into a new pot. The plant must adapt, and it will grow better in the old pot.
Flower must be regularly fed and watered. The plant receives very few nutrients, so their composition in the soil must be constantly maintained. This is best suited mineral fertilizers, irrigation water or diluted mullein or bird droppings. Special formulations of fertilizer for roses can be purchased at the store. Overfeed rose bush is not recommended, as the excess minerals and trace elements may negatively affect the plant. During flowering fertilizers are applied every week, and at other times – once every two weeks.
Important!Roses growing in containers need watering more regularly than those that grow in the garden. Also, care should be taken so as not withered leaves, it may indicate that the rose gets too much water.
Potted roses are very fond of sunlight, so they can be safely put on a well-lit southern windowsill, but not direct sunlight. If the flower does not get enough sunlight, it will cease to grow and bloom. Winter pink bush require additional lighting.
Roses dislike extreme heat and cold, so the room necessary to maintain a moderate temperature (not more than 20 degrees). In the rest period from October to February, the temperature is reduced to + 5 + 8 degrees so that they are strong and did not wake up early.
On the balcony or window open tea rose exhibited only after hardening, otherwise it will not bloom. Not recommended also put the plant in a hot place, it will begin to quickly dump their leaves and buds. Summer flowerpot better placed at the balcony at a temperature no higher than 25 degrees.
Potted roses are very sensitive to humidity. For this purpose boiled leaves are sprayed with water at room temperature (up to two times per day).
Flowering indoor varieties is largely dependent on how much pruning will be carried out regularly. Dry flowers are removed, so that they did not take power for the formation of new buds. All patients, dry or damaged branches are also removed.
Homemade roses are often exposed to diseases and pests. For disease prevention can be sprayed soda solution (two teaspoons of sodium per liter of water). Spraying should be done very carefully so that the solution did not get to the ground.
Powdery mildew affects the stems and leaves covering them with a touch of white. If untreated young stems start to die, and the plant will no longer grow. The reasons for the defeat of mildew:
- poor access of oxygen to the root system;
- low or high indoor humidity;
- sudden changes in temperature;
- the excess fertilizer.
Black spot appears on the leaves and young shoots in the form of black dots. It occurs at elevated humidity.
The main pests and diseases of culture and control measures. Farming equipment
Rose tea is very susceptible to various pests. You must frequently check the rose bush for signs of disease and pests. Mites, aphids, scale insects and other pests feed on plant sap, causing twisting and falling of leaves, shoots death.
Start a fight with pests and diseases with shrub roses should be preventive measures, which are held throughout the season. Carry spring insecticide treatment until kidney.
To cope with pests, they can be washed off with water jet or wash the leaves with soapy water.
Powdery mildew appears as white spots on the leaves. you can deal with it with sulfur.
Good to know!If necessary, if the rose bushes spread viral or bacterial diseases, patients shoots are cut to healthy wood.
Roses are cultivated around the world, in spite of the wide variety of climatic conditions. Care for tea rose in the garden and the house is not present particular difficulty. As a result, it will be possible to enjoy the beauty of the colorful and fragrant flowers. This culture will create a beautiful view of the design of any garden, decorate any flower bed in the city park, in the garden area.