Description of home rose
Home roses – a mixture of roses varieties that are grown artificially. Flower self-polling. Plant height is not more than 45-50 centimeters, and the diameter of the bushes is less than 30 centimeters. Petal colors are very diverse, small dense buds with a diameter of no more than 5-7 centimeters. Leaves are small, like buds, bright green or dark green. It is usually planted in a pot. In prosperous conditions, the rose can bloom almost all year round.
How to care for home rose in pot
Home roses are a rather capricious flower, requiring careful care and attention. You need to carefully consider the choice of a flower in the store, to trace so that it is damaged by pests, and the leaves were elastic and did not appear at the slightest touch. It is worth buying flowers with dense and non-revealed buds, without a cobweb.
How to care for a rose in a pot? Create conditions in which there used to be a plant. Adaptation is very important roses, and in any case you can not immediately replace them, bringing from the store. It should be used to microclimate in the room. This can last up to two weeks, during which the plant is protected from direct sunlight, drafts.
Rose in a pot, home care:
- grown them on southern or south-east windows, in winter you can put a flower on the West window;
- soil must be fertile;
- fertilizers need to be made regularly;
- in the summer it is desirable to take them on fresh air;
- timely and abundant irrigation provide roses constantly;
- if necessary, transplanted in a pot of more.
Homemade roses in pots: Care should provide conditions for flowering, otherwise Green bush will grow with a large number of leaves, and it is unlikely to achieve flowers from it. From the bush, you need to regularly clean the dried leaves and buds.
rose on the window
Roses love light, so it is necessary to provide them at least 5-6 hours of permanent sun. They don’t bear cold and heat. Overheating causes fading the flower The air temperature in the room in the summer should be 20-25 ° C, and in the winter of about 10-15 ° C. The air is preferably wet, otherwise in a dry room in a flower there is a chance to infect pests.
In no case can you dry off home roses, it requires watering, although excess water is harmful. After irrigation of about an hour, it is necessary to completely drain the water, excessive humidity can lead to an increase in mold on the roots. With the onset of autumn, the frequency of watering should be gradually reduced,
Rooms with overheating in the sun and indoors with dry air you need to constantly spray. Watering bushes of roses in pots exclusively indoor room temperature, as they poorly carry cold water. Follow the pests on the bush, because with their appearance roses dried. Wash off the dust with a sprayer so that due to a small size, do not damage the leaves and buds.
Please note!so that the plant does not grow unilaterally, it is sometimes necessary to turn it to turn the light evenly on the stems.
In the summer you can carry a flower on the balcony, fresh air is very useful for them.
How to transplant a rose after shopping in the store
After purchase, it is not worth the plant on the same day to the house pot. Leave a rose in an ordinary container for about 2-3 weeks – it will be easier for it to adapt in a new place.
Before starting to land, it is necessary to pre-prepare a special soil. Roses need rich and nutrient soil so that they grow healthy and bloom. The soil substrate for roses should be light, loose and rich mineral nutrition.
- Garden Earth -? Part;
- humus -? Part;
- Sand – One part.
Special fertilizers for roses should be purchased, which is almost in every garden shop. The soil can also be bought already ready in the store, the main thing to trace its quality.
Choose a suitable pot
To grow roses in a pot, you should start with the choice of a suitable container for the landing. The greater the pot, the better, because this type of colors are well developed the root system that needs additional space for growth.
The correct container should be only a few centimeters more and higher than the one in which there was a plant. Ceramic products are best for roses.
It is necessary to ensure good drainage, and there are enough holes so that water flows, otherwise there is a danger of reinforcing roots.
How to transplant a rose purchased in the store? Drainage from the ceramzit, the earth is poured onto the bottom of the pot, the earth. Rose neatly, not damaging the root coma, removed from the container, remove the upper old layer of the soil and transferred to a new pot, sprinkled with a cooked mixture. The land must be pretty pressed with your fingers so that the edge was at least 3 cm. Immediately after the transplant, it is not necessary to water a rose, you can restrict ourselves to spraying. After 1-2 days, go to the standard watering of the flower.
Plant should be placed in the shadow. A day later, you can put it on the balcony or put on the windowsill, following the straight rays.
Watering and feeding
Home roses need to wipe regularly, at the hottest time may need every day. Water when the top layer of the soil is dry, and the bottom is slightly humid. Water in the morning carefully, so as not to soak the leaves too much, because roses can infect fungus.
Very useful for this plant spraying, which can be done every day simple water and once a week with floral fertilizers. Spraying a rose from below to the top of a small trickle.
How to feed a rose at home? In a high-quality soil mixture, each month is added with a compost for natural nutrition or specialized fertilizer for roses.
Important!Fertilizers are not suitable for everyday use, it can lead to the death of plants. Undercalinking plants from spring to the summer every two weeks. Sick plants are impossible to fertilize, because the disease begins to spread even more on the plant.
In order to form a beautiful bush, it needs to be trimmed correctly, remove unnecessary weak stems, dry and yellow leaves (do not wait until they themselves fall out from the trunk). Before the wintering rose can be shortened to a height of 10 centimeters.
Additional information! Roses will not bloom if they do not clean from faded flowers and dried leaves
Pests Home Roses
It is necessary to closely make sure that pests are not attacked on the plant, periodically check the stem, leaves and flowers. Incorrect care – bad ventilation of the room or increased humidity.
The main enemies of home roses are mites and mildew.
Credit with them will help drugs of fungicides. You can wipe the leaves of the plant with a soap solution, following it so that it does not get to the ground.
Roses with black spots on the leaves talk about the beginning of the fungal disease. In addition to processing with solutions, immediately remove the affected leaves.
Domestic Roses Varieties
There are no certain varieties of indoor roses. Roses in pots are miniature varieties of ordinary garden roses. With the most diverse shape and painting flowers, they are famous for abundant, almost continuous flowering.
Tea-hybrid varieties, polyanth roses and plants from the group of interior are most suitable for growing in the apartment.
Chinese rose is often called Indian and Bengal. Bengal roses are not found in the wild, so they are removed specifically for growing at home.
Low (about 50 cm) bushes with small and narrow leaves are distinguished by resistance and excellent aroma. Flowers small or medium in size, different color, semi-grade or terry, 1-3 pcs. On shoots. This plant, in contrast to other species, does not require rest period.
Roses of the Patio Group, or Mini Flora are greatly popular for room cultivation. Plants with a height of 45-50 cm, bushes are dense and compact. Flowers single or collected in inflorescences. Flowers abundantly and almost continuously, very resistant to diseases.
Ordinary polyanth roses with success can be grown in the house. They do not grow large, their height is 30-40 cm, and the bushes are compact and thick, very decorative. Flowers with a diameter of 3-4 cm. Often without smell, from simple to the gustomakhov. Flower more than 6-7 months. Resistant to pests and mildew.
Tea roses were grown at home for a long time in large flower pots. A bush up to 80 cm height with a pleasant aroma. Single white, pink or yellow flowers with a diameter of 5-7 cm. Tea-hybrid roses: if you grow them in the apartment, it is worth paying attention to hybrid varieties. They grow up to thirty-fifty centimeters, quite a long time they give abundant bloom, and flowers can be different shades (from white to red).
These include roses with a height of 10-25 cm and small flowers not more than 4 cm. They bloom abundantly. Blossom continues with regular watering for 5-6 months. The lack of miniature roses in their instability to the web box and mildew.
After the rose has taken root in the house, you should not relax. This plant needs constant care, which can only be provided with sufficient attention. The main thing is to respect the necessary air temperature and soil moisture, as well as protection against pests and diseases, then it will please abundant blossom.