Floribunda Roses, care and cultivation
With the Latin name translates Floribunda”many colors”. Floribunda rose planting and care in the open field suitable for growing in the garden near the house. Flowering plant in the summer almost continuously, decorating the garden with its beauty, exuding a terrific flavor. These shrub roses are different from other species in that in one branch inflorescences collected in groups. Breeders have achieved this effect by crossing hybrid tea with the polyanthus and musk types of roses. As a result, selection turned culture is not exposed to common diseases and frost.
Rose with double petals[/caption]
This culture requires attention and appropriate care. Experienced gardeners are familiar with this process, and beginners in this business should make a little more effort and energy.
Before proceeding to the cultivation of the rose garden, you should learn how to choose the best place for this plant, and then to carry out preparatory work. It is also necessary to determine what grade to choose, based on the climatic conditions of the region, growing and personal preferences.
Proper planting – a pledge of successful growing, one of the main events.
Roses are very fond of sunlight, so place should be un-shaded, preferably the eastern side. Choosing the right site is necessary so that the plant is a long time of the day on the sunny side, although some roses will grow in partial shade. They should not be planted under trees. landing area should be in the hollow not to accumulate water. Due to the high humidity roots can begin to rot, leading to a culture of death. It is also necessary to exclude the cold air flow and the presence of drafts.
The soil for growing roses need light – loam, with good breathability. If the soil is heavy, you can dilute it with sand, too an easy – a small amount of clay.
Fertile land can be improved by application of fertilizers and minerals.
NoteDo not grow a rose in the same place for more than 7 – 8 years, because the plant during this period depletes the earth
Shrubs can be planted in spring and autumn. Spring planting begins in mid-April, when the soil warms up. In the Urals and Siberia, this time comes a little later – in May.
In the autumn of the landing time – September or October. The main thing is not to step freezing, because the plant needs time to settle and harden.
Preparation of the seat, which is planned to plant a sapling, held in advance, for two weeks. The soil will settle over time and culture will not go into the ground.
The root system of the plants and a large hole dug 60 – 70 cm All roots that are damaged or broken cut..
Reproduction floribunda roses
Method of reproduction of roses are so many:
- the cultivation of seeds;
- reproduction by layering;
Rooting cuttings is quite simple and has good performance.
Roses grown from cuttings, grow on their own roots, unlike many roses bought in nurseries, that is grafted onto the root of the wild rose. They will have all the characteristics of the varieties from which cuttings are taken. Disease will also be transmitted to the handle.
Budding is considered a more difficult process. Roses are grafted to the root system of the rootstock.
Growing from seed is not easy, it may take several years before it will flower roses.
When and how to plant a rose floribunda
Autumn and early spring – the ideal time for planting roses. Location chosen so that in the morning it was sunny, in the afternoon – a shadow that will promote good flower ovary.
Hole prepare large enough to fit the roots freely in it. Damaged, dry the roots of seedlings are cut, healthy update sections, undercutting them by 1-2 cm, so you can see healthy white pith. This will allow the plant to better absorb nutrients. The upper part of shoots shortened to 10 cm.
Terms care floribunda rose in the open field
Floribunda water-demanding crop, but nevertheless it is known for its endurance, so do not require special care, as the other varieties. Water the plants by the roots, avoiding the water on the leaves, so as not to provoke a burn leaves and disease.
In mild weather, watered once a week, but in the heat may need to be watered every day.
The soil around the roots should always be moist but not wet.
Important!Newly planted roses need a lot more water than adults bushes.
Roses need additional fertilizer for best growth and flowering. Use mineral and organic or a combination thereof, which often gives the best results. Plants need a higher percentage of phosphorus. Inorganic substances are faster and more concentrated, organic available over a longer period. Complex inorganic fertilizers are convenient and easy to use. Fertilizer around the plants evenly distributed before a rain or watering before.
The first fertilizing – spring, after the cold, and every six weeks is necessary to introduce additional portions. Organic fertilizer is perfect as a mulch for soil. Use only seasoned manure, to avoid burning the plant roots from fresh.
In late summer and autumn roses do not feed – it promotes the formation of new shoots, which can be killed by frost.
Mulching is held in the spring. Under a layer of mulch will keep the soil moist and heat, weeds do not germinate, and the disease will be suppressed. Mulch can be used humus, compost, pine needles, tree bark, and others.
How to cut floribunda roses?
Proper and timely pruning of shoots – the most important moment in the cultivation of roses. Severe pruning can weaken the plant, it will cease to bloom. Weak basic pruning branches will produce weak growth. Combined cropping – the most optimal for this group. It is the application of a light pruning for some stems and strong for older growths.
This event is held in February or March, to promote better plant growth. Remove dry, diseased branches.
Once the roses have finished flowering, dry buds must be removed.
Unfortunately, this culture is also affected by pests and diseases. However, with a little attention can be avoided most of the problems.
Winter does not have a significant impact on the Floribunda plants. In cold areas, such as in the north, or if the expected severe weather conditions is necessary to provide some protection bushes. For shelter can be used burlap, spruce spruce branches and other ukryvochny material to protect the plant from freezing. When will be severe frosts, this protection is removed,
Rosa floribunda – it’s the best decoration of gardens. It is widely used in urban landscaping: a hedge along the tracks to create borders and as cut flowers for bouquets.