Care climbing rose
There is nothing more charming than gazebos, fences, buildings, covered with long, sweet-smelling, red roses.
Most varieties grow:
- polupletistye (height 1.5 m -3);
- pletistye (height 3 -5 m);
- Curly (height 5 -15 m).
They may be different bright and multi-colored petals.
Luxury climbing rose adorn any garden structure. Flower columns, pyramids masks old buildings, walls and even – the roof. This type of plants is ideal for vertical gardening, but in order to make it look harmonious and attractive, it is necessary to know the rules of planting, pruning, care and protection against pests bushes.
In June (depending on variety) climbing roses bloom and continue to bloom until the last warm season. They are characterized by growth and flowering, bush size. Flowers, depending on the variety, can be from 2.5 to 12 cm in diameter.
In general, all modern climbing roses are divided into two very broad groups: large-and melkotsvetkovye – Climber and Rambler.
- rambler (Rambler) – melkotsvetkovye differ long flexible branches, about 4-6 meters in length, and numerous small flowers, gathered in a large brush. Usually they bloom only once per season, but very abundant and continuously on the stems of last season. Growing climbing roses melkotsvetkovoy group necessarily on supports.
- Climber (Climber) or klayming – large-climbing roses differ primarily by the fact that they bloom several times on the branches of the current season. They are usually more powerful and shorter stems (about 1.5 m), the flowers are much larger than the previous subgroups. They can be single or assembled in the lush brush on some pieces.
How to care for the climbing rose. Farming equipment
Care climbing rose in suburban areas has become commonplace, but many complain that, unlike other varieties of these beauties behave capriciously and do not justify to their expectations. The fact that they need to take care of: to choose a good seedling put it in the right place and not at all.
To get a beautiful healthy vyuschayusya rose care and cultivation should be carried out systematically correctly. Fortunately, roses – hardy plants.
First of all it is necessary to determine whether the variety is suitable for cultivation zone in the open field. Then, choose a favorite color, with the re-flowering, disease-resistant. Most of all roses must be a sunny place. They thrive in a loamy, well-drained soil and prefer constant watering every week.
The root system of these plants goes deep into the ground (2 meters), so you should make sure in advance that the groundwater does not pass close to the top layer of soil. Roses grown in constantly wet soil susceptible to all kinds of fungus. Black spot and other diseases could spread to other crops, so it is necessary to keep the bushes clean and make sure that the moisture is not constantly standing under a bush. soil drainage will help in the pouring rain.
Gardeners usually want curly rose framed buildings, fences. Air circulation is important for preventing disease, however if rose cover wall, it is necessary to use a free-standing vertical support, that will provide space between the plant and the wall.
The purpose of pruning climbing roses is to plant grew healthy, providing a large number of high-quality colors for the upcoming season.
Additional information! Care for Climbing roses in the summer also means the removal of flowers, strange as it may sound. Since the beginning of flowering until the first week of August is recommended to leave only two flowers on each branch. With the advent of autumn, the flowers turn into seed pods, and after such manipulations, the rose will bloom beautifully next year.
Reproduction climbing roses spend vegetatively – layering, cuttings and grafting.
How to hide the climbing rose in winter
To properly complete the flowering season, in late summer should be prepared for winter climbing rose. All care rose autumn comes down to preparation for winter.
First you need to stop watering and fertilize, which include nitrogen. Due to increasing nitrogen foliage and shoots are formed with the kidneys. Therefore fertilize rose only phosphorus and potassium, as these components reinforce the roots and stem of climbing roses. In the autumn, usually better to just remove the old shoots dry and slightly shorten the longest, and the rest will be cut in the spring.
Autumn pruning should begin only when the temperature at night will consistently remain below zero. It’s about the end of October. If you start pruning before, it will encourage the rose to the emergence of her new shoots, and they just freeze in the winter, since they do not have time to stiffen and die, and then thawed in the spring will be a source of infection to healthy shoots.
Shelter needed only when it’s cold, and there will be a thaw. Every rose is able to withstand even fairly strong short-term frost, but can not withstand debate.
Wicker roses best winter when they are removed from the trellis, laid on the ground and let the snow cover to protect them from the extreme cold.
In order to proceed to the shelter, you should choose a dry cold day. There should be no rain, because moisture does not strictly fall under the covering material. Before the shelter bush is useful to treat with an appropriate disinfectant. Antifungal drugs can help eliminate these foci of infection. which can not be seen by ordinary visual inspection of the bush. After this it is necessary to lay a rose after completely dry disinfectant solution, rather than immediately after spraying.
When covering climbing roses need to follow these rules:
- to clear of leaves and shoots of old;
- to twist and tilt the ground whips, having spread under them spruce branches;
- attached to the ground bent metal brackets;
- ukryvochnym top cover material.
The stems of roses at the beginning of the cold weather can become brittle and break, so whip twisted before and just lay on the ground. When it gets cold they harbor. In the case of a long thaw may be ventilated sheltered bush climbing roses, to avoid damping off and death of the plant. In areas with extremely cold winters cover the roots: the earth. sawdust, peat with soil, compost or pine needles.
If properly and perform all the necessary work carefully, summer climbing rose will decorate the garden, delighting the gorgeous flowers.