Properties of fertilizers from herbs
Natural fertilizers are very popular because they are very effective and harmless to plants and the environment. Nutrients and minerals are washed out of plants. Nitrogen stimulates the development of green mass, phosphorus is responsible for the growth and development of the root system, and potassium affects the taste qualities.
Pay attention! Top Dressing with herbal infusion allows you to perfectly saturate the soil of the infield with nitrogen and other useful substances.
Common garden grass, and even unwanted weeds contain nutrients. When decomposed, they can become a fast source of macro- and microelements to nourish the earth. Fertilizers based on herbs provide not only nutrition for growing seedlings, but also nourish living organisms of the soil.
Making herbal tea from grass is a way of using weeds that grow in or around the garden. Each plant species accumulates a certain amount of different macro-microelements.
Additional information! The nutrients in the plant are distributed unevenly, and in order for the composition of the infusion to be complete, the material is laid for fermentation together with the roots.
The extracted nutrients from the parts of the plant soaked in water are easily absorbed by plants. This increases growth, yields, and also makes them less susceptible to diseases and pests, which is especially good for seedlings.
Herbs for green fertilizer
Fertilizer plants are used for fertilizing fruit, vegetable crops, garden flowers, trees and shrubs.
You can prepare green fertilizer from grass from almost any plant, especially from weeds in any combination.
Fresh grass is used 3 times more than dried. Leaves, roots and flowers are used. The choice of herbs depends on one or another element:
- comfrey contains a lot of potassium, you can add a little alfalfa with a high nitrogen content;
- fenugreek is rich in calcium, which helps prevent problems with the fruiting of plants such as tomatoes;
- wheatgrass, dill or mother-and-stepmother will increase potassium levels and accelerate the flowering of tomatoes;
- comfrey and tansy are added to increase the number of earthworms;
- horsetail makes plants strong because it is saturated with silica;
- yarrow is another herb that collects potassium, phosphorus and other minerals;
mown grass for fertilizer is rich in nitrogen, which is an important nutrient for most plants.
Nettle is a real boon for compost tea. It contains nitrogen, potassium and many minerals. Before it blooms, cut the bushes to the base and fill the bucket.
The most valuable for the infusion will be legumes, for example, lupin, which has a high protein content. When using different types of sorrel, valuable oxalic acid, a plant growth stimulant, enters the infusion.
Many soils lack copper, which causes chlorosis in plants. Herbs that can help increase the amount of copper are yarrow and dandelion. Dandelion has long tap roots that pull nutrients from the depths, making it an excellent source for fertilizer.
These plants, rotting in the aquatic environment, saturate the future fertilizer with nitrogen, potassium, calcium, phosphorus and a whole complex of trace elements. Humic compounds create favorable conditions in the soil for the development of earthworms and beneficial bacteria.
How to make green fertilizer from grass?
Green grass as a fertilizer can be absorbed in the form of an aqueous solution. If you put grass in water, all processes will accelerate. Microorganisms ferment and turn them into food for themselves. Therefore, in a liquid-type fertilizer, a humus group is formed before microorganisms can process the green mass by 25 percent.
How to make fertilizer from grass? The infusion of grass as a fertilizer is obtained as a result of fermentation of various types of weeds in water. To prepare the infusion, you can take any weeds:
- shepherd’s bag, etc.
Almost all weeds thrown out after weeding can serve as a green mixture. It is not necessary to add oak, maple, goldenrod leaves to the mixture, as they secrete substances that inhibit the development of other organisms.
How to make green fertilizer from grass in a barrel? A larger plastic container is half filled with weeds with roots. Then they are filled to the top with water.
After that, the mixture should be mixed well and put in a sunny place for fermentation, not forgetting to stir from time to time. Since a specific unpleasant smell occurs during fermentation of the infusion, the barrel must be covered with a lid.
The readiness of herbal infusion is easy to determine by the degree of decomposition of organic matter. The color changes to dark brown and the fertilizer begins to smell unpleasant.
Pay attention! It is better to carry out green filling with running water. Chlorine contained in tap water has a negative effect on the processes occurring in the tank. But the option with tap water is also possible, if you defend it for 48-72 hours in a cool place protected from direct UV exposure.
The time to prepare fertilizer from green grass takes about two weeks. During this time, water extracts useful nutrients from plants, which are necessary for garden and garden plants fertilizer from green grass
How to apply green fertilizer from grass? This top dressing should be used diluted in water. The finished siderate is a concentrate that, in its pure form, can burn the leaves and roots of garden crops.
Dilute the herbal infusion with clean water in a ratio of 1: 10. and for spraying the leaves 1:20. Only then it can be safely applied to crops without fear of harming them. The plant is watered with an aqueous solution, or the leaves are simply sprayed.
It is desirable to feed the plants 1 time in 2-3 weeks, pre-watering the soil with ordinary water. If a downpour has passed, fertilization should be carried out more often, since many useful elements necessary for plant nutrition are washed out of the surface layers of the soil.
The finished fertilizer retains its useful properties for one week from the moment of preparation. Later it loses its qualities and is no longer effective. For the next feeding, it is necessary to make a new infusion.
The concentrate can be used to spray plants from aphids and other pests. Insects do not tolerate this smell, and die. You can spray currants, cucumbers, melons or carrots from aphids.
It is not difficult to make fertilizer from grass, and the effect of it will be obvious. Weeds should not be thrown away. They can be used as mulch on any beds.
Decomposed grass perfectly protects the soil from drying out, stops the growth of weeds, and also saturates the earth with useful nutrients.
For the preparation of liquid compost, you can use household waste: various rotten fruits, cuttings from vegetables and fruits, etc. This will add additional useful properties to the siderate.
It is best to apply this type of fertilizer in spring and summer. In autumn, plants do not need nitrogen substances in such quantities. Excess nitrogen can cause the growth of greenery to the detriment of fruits.
How to improve herbal infusion
You can speed up the maturation process by adding fresh manure. Make the fertilizer more nutritious with the help of superphosphate, which is dissolved in hot water and then poured into a barrel. A 200-liter barrel will need 10 tablespoons of this substance.
Weeds are introduced directly from the roots. No need to shake the earth off them. And if there are EM drugs, then you can add them with a small amount of sugar.
To prevent nitrogen loss, acidifying ingredients (whey or citric acid) are added to the mixture. It is not necessary to use alkalizing components in the infusion: lime, chalk, ash.
Fermented grass fertilizer
Weeds can not be fermented, but fermented. The fertilizer turns out to be no less useful.
Mown grass as fertilizer. It is filled with a large black plastic bag. It is important that it is dense and without holes. The bag is twisted and placed in the sun.
The grass is fermented for 2-3 days, Fermentation takes place at a high temperature, and the grass will slightly resemble manure. Under the influence of temperature, pathogenic microorganisms, various harmful insects die, many useful micro and macroelements appear.
To prepare the fermented infusion, the grass is taken from the bag, filled by two-thirds or half, and filled with water. They are allowed to infuse for several hours so that the fermented herb gives more useful substances.
In undiluted form, pour one liter into the moist soil for each plant. After the infusion is used, the remaining grass in the containers can be poured again and insisted to feed the remaining plants.
When is it better to use herbal infusion?
For the first time, the fermented herbal solution is applied 2 weeks after the appearance of mass shoots or the planting of seedlings in a permanent place. The interval between fertilizers is from 2 to 6 weeks during the entire growing season.
For garden trees and berry bushes, fertilizing is carried out after warming up the soil to a temperature of + 10 ° C. Since spring, they are fed:
- strawberries, so that leaves grow better and “whiskers” develop;
- currants and other berry bushes;
- cucumbers, melons, watermelons and other pumpkin are fed;
- tomatoes 2 weeks after planting seedlings in the ground;
- after treatment with herbal infusion, roses and other ornamental shrubs bloom luxuriantly.
Fertilizing with green grass is the best way to keep the soil healthy. It is advisable to use plants for fertilizer before the beginning of August, since nitrogen fertilizing later than this period is contraindicated for plants.