How to grow daffodils

Daffodils are hardy and unpretentious perennials. With the first warm spring days, they bloom flowers. They can be planted in a garden, in pots, in a rock garden. The narcissus flower goes well with other spring flowers.

Features of daffodils

Daffodils belong to the Amaryllis family. Wild species are common in southwestern Europe and northwestern Africa. Narcissus has been popular in our gardens for a long time, as far as its 24,000 varieties show. Different types of flowers have an intense aroma.

There is a wide variety of forms and flowers of daffodils, such as tubular, large-flowered, single, double. The plants have a height of 5 to 45 cm and come in different colors: from ordinary yellow, to pastel pink and white.

Pink daffodils

Yellow, white and orange bell-shaped narcissus flowers appear from February to May.

Growing daffodils: proper care

Daffodils grow on almost any soil, but they grow especially well on hillsides, on raised beds or in containers. They look more impressive when they grow in groups, and not as individual plants. They bloom best in full sun, but they can also be grown in partial shade.

Narcissists: irrigation and fertilization

When watering, it should be taken into account that the soil should not be too dry for a long period of time. Waterlogging should be avoided due to the risk of fungal infection. However, from bulbous plants, narcissus is very resistant to moisture.

As spring approaches, the shoots begin to make their way to the surface of the soil. During and after flowering, you can cheer them up with a universal top dressing for plants. Fertilize mainly with organic fertilizers or ripe compost.

Daffodils after flowering

When to dig up daffodils after flowering and when to plant them again? Narcissus is a bulbous flower, the onion of which remains in the ground for the winter. All other organs of the plant die. When the flowers wither (usually in May or June), only the peduncle is removed from them so that the plant does not invest extra energy in the formation of seeds.

After flowering

It is important to leave the foliage until it begins to die off naturally in the summer. The plant can focus on absorbing sunlight through its leaves, feeding the bulb with everything it needs to form leaves and flowers next year before it goes dormant. After that, you can cut the foliage.

Breeding daffodils

Onions are available in many variants in specialty stores. You can also multiply daffodils yourself by dividing bulbs. It won’t take much effort. Over time, daffodils produce new “daughter” bulbs attached to the main one that was originally planted.

After a few years of cultivation, the flowering power decreases. It is not necessary to divide the bulbs of daffodils every year, you can every three years. The best way to separate them after they have passed into a state of rest.

Pay attention! It is better to dig up onions while they still have yellowing foliage. It will be visible where to dig, avoiding the risk of piercing the bulb with tools.

After the bulbs have been removed from the ground, they are examined. They throw away everything with rot or signs of illness. Young bulbs are easily separated from the mother ones, and they can be transplanted to new areas of the garden. Small immature bulbs attached to the mother are better left on it.

Dadditional information! Eif you need to dig up the bulbs and store them before transplanting in the fall, let them dry for two days. Then they are stored in mesh bags with good ventilation in a cool place.

If desired, you can grow daffodils from seeds.

Inflorescences with seeds

After flowering, several inflorescences are left for the ripening of the grains. When they ripen, they are sown in the garden. But it will take several years before the daffodils bloom.

Planting daffodils in autumn

After the plants wither, when all the aboveground parts have died, the onion is removed from the ground and dried.

Pay attention! Daffodils bloom in early spring. They can be dug out after flowering, when the foliage disappears. Usually they are transplanted in the fall, so the excavated bulbs should be stored, or wait with the excavation until autumn.

In autumn, the bulbs are transplanted into moist, well-drained soil in full sun. The correct landing time. Bulbs require a cooling period to bloom. Depending on the microclimate, the bulbs are planted from the end of September to the end of November, about 2-4 weeks before the ground freezes. There are several points to consider when boarding:

  • soil with neutral pH: garden soil, possibly mixed with sand;
  • the planting hole is two to three times deeper than the height of the onion;
  • the distance between plants is from 12 to 15 cm;
  • place the bulb with the pointed end up at the base of the planting pit;
  • loosely fill the planting pit with soil.

Only too heavy garden soils are mixed with sand. A slightly greater depth of sealing reduces the likelihood of drying onions. After planting, careful watering should be carried out. This will accelerate root formation.

Choose large and hard bulbs, avoiding soft and obviously rotting ones. Dig up compacted soils and improve them with organic substances, such as homemade compost or well-rotted manure.

Planting in the open ground in autumn

Daffodils prefer slightly acidic soil, so if the soil is prone to more alkaline indicators, add sulfur to it. To improve drainage, pour a little perlite on the bottom of the hole. Bulbs will need water during the active growth phase in early spring.

Is it possible to plant daffodils in the spring?

They should be planted in autumn before the first frost. Spring planting of daffodils is not easy and, as a rule, is rarely successful. If necessary, it is possible to plant daffodils in spring with bulbs of excellent quality. In the spring, they are buried 1.5 times their own height.

When the narcissus does not bloom

There are many reasons for this, including a lack of moisture or nutrients in the soil, or too early removal of the foliage of the plant last year. It may be a consequence of pest damage: bulbous narcissus fly, nematodes or diseases such as root rot.

If they give a healthy harvest of foliage, but do not bloom, this may be due to poor soil, crowding and shade.

Narcissus does not bloom

 

It is usually possible to solve the problem, but the bulbs may take several years to bloom again. Just dig them up in the fall and transplant.

  • If they grow in the shade, plant in a sunny place.
  • If the bulbs are full, divide them and plant them in small groups.
  • If the soil is poor, enrich it with well-rotted horse manure or homemade compost.
  • Apply a fertilizer with a low nitrogen content and a high potassium content after flowering.

Bulbs are well watered and fed organically when they begin their growth until the leaves turn yellow and die off, and the culture will provide the largest number of flowers each season.

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