Description of the common fern
In the vegetable world there are about 300 genera and 10,000 species of ferns.
Fern Orlyak where it grows? Fern ordinary does not require large amounts of water and can grow in various conditions. The spores can be transported over long distances by wind or water. Bracken is widely distributed around the world: growing in the south and the north, but does not tolerate deserts, steppes and the polar frosts.
Perennial herb fern, most often found in the forest. From the forest can be extended to the territory of the forest edges.
Fern Orlyak has an extensive root system and can grow from a few centimeters to several meters. In the middle zone conditions this fern growing from 30 to 70 cm, sometimes reaching 1 m. In southern encountered larger individuals that are greater than man. It is easily recognizable by a characteristic structure of large fan-shaped leaf: length from 50 cm to 1 meter and a width of 30- 50 cm Fern Orlyak light green color and odor..
Leaves called segments or petals vary in shape and length, depending on the location. Segments of these leaves are wrapped around the edge, and for this particular Orlyak can not be confused with another type of fern.
Fern is not afraid of the drought. Its main feature – a strong root system. Black rhizome grows very deep underground, and can live in the soil for hundreds of years. From this year there are leaves of the plant.
The leaves have two features that distinguish them from other species of ferns. On the bottom side of the sheet have spores which are used for reproduction. fern leaves unfold, when the plant is growing.
Note!Orlyak poisonous plant for animals, but people often use it in medicine and even in cooking.
Growing at home
Fern is valued as an ornamental plant. Grow it in the garden under the conditions similar to the natural. Beautiful and healthy plant can only be obtained with the right care at the time of growth. It grows easily. Pleasing their masters fresh bright green foliage.
Best of all ferns grow in partial shade or full shade (but there are growing slower). Most do not survive in the sun – their leaves quickly turn yellow and die quickly. It is important that they were planted in a protected area with high humidity.
The soil must be permeable, not too dry or sandy.
Note!The most beautiful fern leaves are formed in slightly acidic, loose and wet soil.
To plant deeply. After landing in the garden, a good mulch the roots shredded bark. Bark retain moisture and prevent weed growth. Moreover, flower thus acquire a decorative appearance.
Care ferns consists of regular watering (especially in the first years after planting), remove the damaged leaves. Yellowed fern leaves are not removed in the fall and in the winter serve as protection from the cold. In the spring, when the center of fern grow new leaves are bright green, can be neatly cut old. In autumn remove them impractical because it protects the vulnerable part of the plant.
Additional information!The advantage of garden ferns is that they practically do not suffer from any diseases or pests.
Orlyak – reproduction
How fern reproduces Orlyak? The best and most expensive solution is to buy ready-made plants in horticulture.
Orlyak ferns reproduce by spores or not? It is possible to propagate these plants in the spring using spores or split the old beams.The spores are located on the underside of the leaf. If dry leaf on paper at least for three days, the debate emptying the paper. Then gently pour tiny spores into the pot with moist soil. The pot is covered with transparent plastic, glass, to create a suitable moist microclimate. After a few weeks, depending on the species, they begin to germinate.
Spring ferns easily propagated by dividing the beams. If they have enough space, they quickly grow to their original sizes.
This plant is very decorative because of its beautiful crown of bright leaves, and can be grown at home. Interesting leaves are used in the modern garden design.
Orlyak contains large amounts of useful substances, and therefore has found wide application in various industries. It used in industry, folk medicine, cooking and as an ornamental flower.
Fern Orlyak recipes
For many it will hear strange ferns that can be eaten. From the large number of edible fern bit. One of them is Orlyak. In East Asia, they are considered a delicacy. Fern Orlyak – one of the most popular dishes of the Far East, China, Korea and Japan, despite the fact that most people are not even aware of in our country, as you can eat this plant.
Fern Orlyak has excellent taste and a wide range of useful properties. It is rich in various vitamins. In the spring, according to the nutritional value, can replace fruits and vegetables.
This type of edible fern used in the food industry. The leaves and shoots are used in cooking.
Additional information!Edible young shoots of a fern, a not yet full-blown leaves. Adult plant there can not be, because it contains a substance toxic to the human body.
Bracken goes well with meat, fish, vegetables, cereals and legumes. His stewed, roasted, salted, pickled, added to salads, hot dishes and cold snacks. The fresh ferns are not used.
Fern can be dried or salted for the winter. Salt in an enamel container. For every 1 kg poured 250 g of the salt. The stock was then covered with a board, and pressed against the cargo. After 7 days, the brine must be drained, and the product is ready for use. Prior to use, soaked overnight.
Bracken become an indispensable autumn and winter product, which helps to cope with deficiency diseases and strengthens the immune system. In its structure contains a large amount of protein and healthy carbohydrates. This is one of the few wild plants, the ability to remove radionuclides from the human body. Today, when the bracken will be ready for winter in the form of salting not only diversifies the table, but also give an opportunity to deal with excess weight and body will provide a lot of useful biologically active substances.
Ferns can not only salt, but also to prepare them with unusual dishes. Before using fresh leaves, boiled twice their salt in water (3 tbsp. L of salt to 1 liter of water) for 8 minutes. Such a processing is necessary for removal of tannins. After fern can extinguish or meat with vegetables or fried in oil.
It is possible to prepare a salad of tender shoots. Clean and wash the carrots and onions, chop and fry with oil. Then add the chopped stalks and simmer another 25 minutes. Add the remaining spices if desired, in addition, you can use a ready-made spicy carrots.
Salty fern become an indispensable autumn and winter product, which helps to cope with deficiency diseases and strengthens the immune system. In its structure contains a large amount of protein and healthy carbohydrates. This is one of the few wild plants, the ability to remove radionuclides from the human body.
Bracken not only diversifies the table, but also give an opportunity to deal with excess weight and body will provide a lot of useful biologically active substances.
Fern Orlyak useful properties and contraindications
Fern used in folk medicine. Its leaves are used for the preparation of infusions that help in various diseases:
- has a positive effect on the cardiovascular system;
- improves blood;
- a positive effect on the functioning of the thyroid and endocrine system;
- supports the normal functioning of the gastrointestinal tract;
- improves metabolism;
- toxins, radionuclides from the body;
- strengthens bone tissue.
Substances contained in the shoots of a fern, slow the aging process and helps to preserve youthfulness. Increases efficiency, improves the activity of the nervous system, it helps to cope with stress. Regular consumption of ferns strengthens the immune system.
Tannins and amino acids that make up the fern shoots are useful in the treatment of intestinal diseases. You can prepare infusions and decoctions of the leaves and use them against worms and cough.
It is also important for skin diseases, non-healing wounds, abscesses and eczema. Adding a plant in the bath, you can accelerate the healing of ulcers and ease the pain of rheumatism.
Contraindications to the use of ferns. We should remember about the side effects before using it.
Before you can use the fern shoots need to consult a doctor during pregnancy and serious diseases of internal organs. As with almost all products have to remember that everything is good in moderation!
Thus, the fern is used not only for decoration but also for medicinal and culinary purposes.