Perennial bulbous flowers
Many spring bulbs are hardy flowers are less sensitive to frost. These include early blooming plants such as crocuses, hyacinths and tulips. Bulbs serve them for the storage of nutrients.
Tulips – the most popular bulb flowers for the garden, on the terrace and on the balcony. Thousands of varieties grown from the wild varieties. The first tulips begin to bloom in March. They are usually lower (25 cm.) Available in white, pink, yellow, salmon, red and bi-color. Hybrids bloom in late April and early May. In May bloom spray tulips (60 cm) multiflorate tulips (45 cm tall) and tulips Breeder (50 cm)
After a winter crocus – one of the first flowering plants in the flowerbeds. Many garden hybrids were grown from wild crocuses. Melkotsvetkovye and large-white varieties, lavender, yellow, and purple and blue colors are commercially available in the form of bulbs.
Narcissus – popular spring flowers after the tulips. The color of flowers varies from white to yellow and orange. Daffodils impose few requirements to the location and therefore easy to care for them.
In order to enjoy the beautiful irises in your garden in the spring, put their bow in the fall. Irises with larger flowers should be planted in the solar field, at a depth of 5 cm and 8 cm from each other. If the region is dominated by the harsh winter, cover planting place a layer of straw or leaves to protect them from frost. Irises with smaller flowers bloom beautifully in sunny places, but also in the penumbra.
Planting and care of the bulbs for the garden
Most gardeners know that the popular bulb flowers such as tulips, hyacinths and daffodils should be planted in the fall. In late summer and autumn the soil is still quite warm, but wet enough to onions grew well. They survive the winter, well-protected in the ground. flowering season begins for them with the supply of energy.
What you need bulbous perennials:
- sunny habitat;
- permeable, and loamy soil.
The drainage is essential. When planting in the bottom of the landing pit just poured a little coarse sand.
When to plant
Landing Time hardy flower bulbs – Autumn (September, October), so that the plants can still develop their roots enough. Do not plant bulbs in hot days, the weather is suitable – when wet and cloudy.
How to Plant
Bulb flowers Garden perennial demand for the growth of a sunny place or just a light shadow. Plants grown under these conditions, larger, more beautiful.
They are suitable for the cultivation of most soil types except dry sand, where in summer the plants suffer from lack of moisture.
Important! The bulbs are very sensitive to moisture and can rot if the soil holds too much water
Sand and clay permeable neutral or slightly alkaline soils with a higher content of nutrients are most suitable. When preparing the soil for bulbs should avoid entering into the soil fresh manure, as this causes the rotting onions.
It is necessary to prepare the soil: loosen the ground, remove weeds. The depth of planting the bulbs can be different for each species. Typically, it ranges from 10 to 15 centimeters: the planting hole should be two to three times deeper than the height of the bulb. Planted too deep, they grow and bloom worse. Also, keep the distance between the bow.
Planting bulbs in groups of flowers, so they would stand out on the garden background. You can create interesting color combinations, given the same height cultivated variety.
NoteWhen planting bulbs the tops should always be directed straight up!. Coso or vice versa plantedonion sprouts later, irregular, and grows in weaker plants.
Never plant tulips daffodils after.
Flower bulbs typically store enough nutrients for flowering. For this reason, it is not necessary to fertilize bulbous flowers.
Not all the bulb flowers are planted in the fall, because some of the summer and autumn flowers can not tolerate late frosts.
Although autumn is the main time of planting flower bulbs, there are also views that it is desirable to plant in the spring or even in summer.
Summer flowers include begonias, lilies, cannas, gladioli, and many others. Cyclamen – bulb flowers blooming in the fall. Some may remain in the ground, but most have to dig up in the fall, winter to keep them in the house.
Flowers bulbous room
The plants from bulbs are also very popular as houseplants, such as amaryllis, which there are many species with different flower forms. Hyacinths and other spring flowers are planted in pots and are also grown as houseplants.
ByGDS flower bulbs should be dug out of the earth
Each year, the tubers are not hibernating bulbous and tuberous plants, as well as species requiring years of storage are removed from the soil. Daffodils, lilies removed from the soil after three or four years, when the plants are becoming more and thicken.
When it comes to bulbs early flowering, it is believed that they can remain in the soil for several years. But in the second year the flowers are getting poorer. Pests, prolonged periods of rain and drought can cause, which affects not only the summers bulbs.
Many spring bulbs over the years, forming dense clumps that have a lot of leaves, but the flowers become smaller. These lumps to dig carefully divided “beams” bulbs, and then plant them again.
Take care of flower bulbs
For varietal plants were tended more intensively. After flowering, cut flowers. It clipped a small part of the stem, so that the plant could have reserves of nutrients, which are formed in the leaves. They are left in the garden until the leaves dry up and all the supplies do not come back into the bulb.
To keep safe gorgeous varieties of tulips and daffodils, they need to dig out when all the leaves are dry, and put to dry. For them is very important, followed by thorough drying in the air place.
Onion spring flowering plants need only a suitable storage place from early summer to autumn. They may be stored in boxes in a cool, dry place at a temperature of 15-25 ° C prior to planting, with a regular inspection and removal of sick and rotten pieces.
Lily bulbs are not dried. Onions, which are planted in the spring, should be stored in the ice, cool, well-ventilated areas.
During the growing season is necessary to pay special attention to the emergence of viral diseases that manifest themselves on leaves and flowers. It is best to immediately remove the infected plant with flower garden. Viral infections are transmitted mainly by aphids, which are used against one of the available pyrethroids.
The emergence of a variety of fungal diseases is a common problem when growing onions in wet conditions. Protect plants from fungal diseases of various broad-spectrum fungicides. It is recommended to treat the fungicide solution before planting.
Bulb flowers are diverse. Some bloom in early spring, while others – only in the summer, and some happy flowering in autumn.