Features hibiscus street many years
Garden hibiscus (Hibiscus syriacus) belongs to the family Malvaceae (Malvaceae). It takes its origin in the remote regions of East Asia – in Syria, China and India, so it is called a rose in the east (China rose). It began to grow in Europe in 16-17 centuries. Currently there are more than 200 species of hibiscus.
Hibiscus bush is very popular in horticulture for the attractive appearance and the later flowering in late summer, when the plants bloom a bit. The plant blooms in shades of white, blue, pink and red. The flowers can be simple or terry.
The plant is known for its large flowers. Some species of hibiscus flowers largest in the plant kingdom. Swamp hibiscus (Hibiscus moscheutos), with the largest colors that can reach a diameter of up to 30 centimeters.
Decorative tree can grow to several meters in height. He fits as a hedge.
Hibiscus Garden: Growing
Hibiscus shrub – not demanding plants to grow, but if you create the perfect conditions, he will reward his vitality and beauty for him.
Hibiscus most suitable for cultivation in the open field – a Syrian and a garden hibiscus hibiscus (Hibiscus Hybrid), which was launched by breeders in the forties and fifties of the last century.
Hibiscus plant outside in a sunny spot, on the leeward side, as too windy side hurt him. He needed a place to grow, and so when planning planting should take into account that the plant razrastotsya. In the case of restricted space conditions selected slightly increasing species or by adjusting the size of a regular pruning.
The ideal time for planting this plant in early spring or autumn, when the plant is dormant. Planting is carried out in the same manner as in the other planting trees.
Hibiscus can adapt well to different soil types, but in any case it must be permeable and never be swamped. In case of excess moisture flower buds begin to mold and not dissolve. In addition to wind and shadows, they do not play well with heavy and too wet soil. The ideal soil for planting hibiscus should be easy and sufficient nutrient permeable. Culture brings a broad range from acidic to slightly alkaline soil (pH 5,5 – 7,5).
The plant tolerates hot weather. The larger the cluster, the deeper its roots and the longer it resists drought. In a small drought, under normal conditions it is sufficient natural precipitation.
Attention requires newly planted bush, which is still insufficient caught. Mulch of wood chips or bark at the base helps to maintain soil moisture.
Feeding hibiscus garden
The feed hibiscus garden for abundant flowering? They survive even in poor soils, but for a more abundant flowering they need nutrients as fertilizer or compost. The fertilizer can be applied from April to September. The feed hibiscus garden? A one-time application of slowly soluble fertilizer is carried out in April.
When flowering hibiscus garden?
Hibiscus blooms very late. Garden plants require a little more time to complete a period of rest. Therefore, the flowering hibiscus comes later, namely in August and September. Flowers lives only a day, but this one deflorate bud immediately replaced with a new full-blown, so the bloom seems permanent.
Hibiscus and reproduction
Reproduction hibiscus garden cuttings – the easiest and fastest way to dissolve the Chinese rose. As of grafted hibiscus garden? Stem cuttings with unfolded leaves cut length of 10-15 cm. Ideal fit young cuttings. Purified from the leaves of the lower half of the cutting. Impregnated growth amplifier (increased likelihood prizhivaniya) and thrown into a pot with the substrate (1/3 cuttings must be in the soil).
Capacity put in place with indirect light, and supports the substrate moist, but not wet. Top cover transparent plastic package for increasing humidity and temperature. After the resulting graft will grow at least 5 cm, can be transplanted into a pot or in the garden more.
Additional information!In the early years of hibiscus grows slowly later appear in his annual gains a length of several tens of centimeters.
Pruning hibiscus garden
Hibiscus syriacus should be cut, especially if it does not bloom. Good cut and rejuvenate the bush, when he grows up in an unsightly manner. The plant does not require annual pruning. Radical pruning is recommended only for older bushes that have long branches, and they gradually stop growing or little bloom. They are easy to shape. Old or damaged shoots are removed, the center is punctured. Pruned branches left on the third or half. Summer – a good time to trim the stems.
Note! Pruning is usually limited to the removal of dry and diseased stems, but we must note that Hibiscus wakes up relatively late (May to June), so be patient and do not remove the seemingly dead branches.
After flowering, it is desirable to cut the flowers before they form seeds. This will encourage hibiscus blossom again.
In our climatic conditions aphids – the main pest of hibiscus. This insect can destroy all the leaves of the plant. Aphids dangerous for hibiscus, especially in combination with the ants that grow in their leaves. After the invasion of aphids hibiscus usually throws out new leaves and even flowers, but considerably weakened.
Varieties and types of hibiscus garden
Known cultivated species of hibiscus, with the exception of the Chinese Hibiscus (China rose) can be grown outdoors.
Syrian hibiscus (Hibiscus syriacu) represented hundreds of different kinds in different color shades or combinations. They can grow up to 3 meters, but grow relatively slowly.
Also it is known swamp hibiscus. Vast, exotic-looking flowers of hibiscus marsh with its darker leaves look decorative. In our conditions, swamp hibiscus grown as a perennial, aerial part of which winter always dies and grows again in spring. Thus, it does not form a woody shrubs like the Syrian hibiscus, but can also grow to 1-1.5 m in height for the season
Hibiscus terry garden – beautiful, demanded kind, with very large flowers measuring 5-10 cm in diameter.
Chinese rose (Hibiscus rosa-sinensis) – flower room, the most popular and cultivated species in the world g. In our climatic conditions it is traditionally grown as a flowering houseplant. Chinese rose is also available in several varieties of different colors and shapes.
Hibiscus red holly (Hibiscus coccineus) – strong, upright perennial wood-based. Grows to 1.5 m. Tall and has a spectacular, Five-, bright scarlet red flowers Similar to mallow, for an extended flowering period (mid summer to early fall).
The use of folk medicine
Hibiscus possesses not only decorative properties but also contains a plurality of rare substances that help to human health. It is used in the treatment of urinary tract and cleans the body.
Hibiscus Sudanese and has anti-stress relaxing effect. Used for exhaustion. Tea from this hibiscus sour, refreshing, especially its summer drink. Sudanese hibiscus also is added to the high-quality fruit teas.
Preparing plants for winter
Modern varieties of the Syrian hibiscus quite hardy Syrian hibiscus most popular and cultivated species of hibiscus in our climate zone outside gardens are resistant to strong frost and easy to care for.
Note! Protect young seedlings, covering them in winter at least the first 3 years, then the plant will be more stable.
It is better if around their bases to put the mulch, which helps plants better insulation and prevents rapid evaporation of water. Since hibiscus starts to grow relatively late (May, June), late spring frosts it will not get any.
If you properly care for these unpretentious, but very showy plants with large ornamental flowers, they will be for many years to decorate the house and garden for its amazing beauty.