Astilba flower. How to care for?
Astilba (lat. Astilbe) – a grassy perennial comes from East Asia, and grows there on wet places and ?? in rare forests. More than 200 varieties are known, each of which is characterized by dimensions, beauty and coloring flowers.
Perennials loving shadow can reach a height of 10 to 100 centimeters, depending on the type. In the summer, from May to August, they form large straight inflorescences – pancakes with small flower, similar to feathers from 10 to 50 cm long. Middle leaves gear, dark green.
Especially spectacular they look in the background and in the shade of coniferous trees, but individual landings are also possible. White, red, purple, pink and purple flowers vertical or hanging.
After flowering, fruit boxes are formed with very small seeds inside.
How to properly care for an anist, so that it bloom as longer as possible?
Growing and care does not represent any particular difficulties. From May to June, an astilba is planted in the shade of trees or shrubs, although some varieties can grow in a solar place. If there is a fountain or pool nearby – this is the perfect place for the plant.
Please note!Astilba is ready for blossoms in the first year after landing, but it is advisable to prevent this, cutting a bluer in advance. The fact is that a fragile plant can perish by putting all the strength in the first flowering. When removing young flowers, all juices lead to rooting of shoots.
Astilba flower. Landing and care for the cultivation of the Astilby
Soil and Location
Perennial plants grow the best on fresh, nutrient and humus soils, on partly shaded garden sections or the edge of the pond. Only a few species can cope with the sun and dry place.
Astilba at the pond
To make the plant quickly and grew well, you should choose the right place to land. The soil should be nutritious, loose and wet. They feel well on more acidic soils.
Before boarding on the selected area, it is necessary to switch the earth to remove the roots of weeds. Feat the flower beds with compost. The wells will prepare a depth of 20-30 cm and a width of 30 cm. And added to each half a stack of ash and 1 tablespoon of mineral fertilizer and fall asleep. Low varieties are planted at a distance of 30 cm from each other, and high – 50 cm.
The roots are placed so that the soil layer is at least 4-5 cm be over the sprout kidney. Pulling up the ground, they are tamped and mulched with a layer of humus or peat thick 3-5 cm. Mulching will allow not only to protect the root system from overheating, but for a longer time Hold moisture, get rid of weeds and the need for frequent soil looser.
Important! It is not recommended to keep a non-transplant culture for more than five years. Astilb Transplantation is needed, even if they plan to leave it.
Watering: How should it be
When growing and caring for an astyleba, the soil is not allowed. We must not forget that this plant does not tolerate drought, it is important to provide a regular watering. All varieties need regular and abundant watering during flowering. Even a small delay and short-term soil drying leads to the unattractive type of plants: to fading leaves, wrinkling inflorescences, loss of juiciness of flowers.
when and how to feed
The flower fertilizer is very decorative. Feed it in the spring when shoots appear, preferably organic nitrogen. After flowering fertilize phosphorus and potassium. The choice of feeding depends on the soil. If the perennial grows on a damp soil – use complex potash and phosphoric fertilizers, if it is planted on dry soil – peat or compost add. Feature starts from the second year of life.
Additional information! Without transplanting Astilba can grow to 5-7 years, but if it takes care of it and use fertilizer in time, its life expectancy on the same territory can reach twenty years.
At the end of the season, the bush is cut over the ground and is covered with peat or soil. This manipulation is carried out every year.
In the spring should be regularly fertilized by a compost. This not only provides the plant with the necessary nutrients, but also provide soil moisture. The perennial does not need to trim. During the season, you need to remove only dead bluerons.
Types and grants of the Astilby
In horticulture, up to 12 species are used, which as a result of the selection gave a lot of hybrid varieties. Today they are about two hundred. The most popular groups of hybrids are Hybrids Arendsii Hybrida, Japanese Japonica Hybrida, Astilba Chinese (Astilbe Chinensis) and their varieties.
Types of Astilby
Smaller species, such as dwarf astilb, are suitable for landing large areas under the trees and bushes, and over time they form a dense carpet here.
Tall views are best combined with other shadowy perennials, such as hosta (HOSTA), autumn anemone (anemone hupehensis or A. japonica), hot-flowered (Epimedium Grandiflorum). White blooming species are very good to use dark sections for lightening.
how the Astilba is multiplied
Dilute it at home is relatively just three ways: dividing the bush, stalling, seeds. If the vegetative method fits novice gardeners, then the seed makes it possible to get new varieties of culture.
The anstic most often determine the division of the bush. This is a very simple and effective way. Gently leaving the soil around the plant at a distance of 15 to 20 cm, and get roots with a lore earth. A sharp knife is cut in the root into several parts, the size of the deceive value does not have, but it is necessary to have 1-3 kidneys on it and a length of 3-5 cm long. If you sear a bush in early March, then the autumn of the Astilba will delight lush flowering.
the division of the bush
The hauling is considered the fastest way of breeding. In this case, for the second year, you can get good, abundantly blooming bushes. It is better to spend it in the spring when shoots are just beginning to grow.
A young rustic escape of about 5 cm long separate from a bush with a part of the root. After landing, especially if this happens in the summer, you need a daily abundant watering within 1-2 weeks. The rooting occurs after 15-20 days.
Seeds need to be heated at the beginning or middle of March after stratification, better in individual containers – peat or plastic glasses.
Flower seeds need to be collected in autumn (usually in September). Despite the fact that they are small enough, they are easy to assemble. Slowing inflorescences are cut, wrapped in paper and keep in a warm place. After two weeks, the seeds shake out of inflorescences, and stored in a paper package.
Preparation of Astilba by Winter
It is able to withstand harsh frosts, you only need to climb the earth. The temperature differences in the spring can be dangerous for it due to the sharp decrease.
Almost culture is not susceptible to diseases and most insect pests. Ideal for novice gardeners.
Astilb Cultivation with other plants
Astilb’s bushes fit perfectly into a landscape design. The plant can be used for landing separately or groups in the shade or half. These decorative plants are perfectly looking next to coniferous trees that provide them with sun protection.
Astilbian shrubs are perfectly harmonized with such plants:
- Coniferous plants.
For a long time, beautiful Astilba has become a popular plant in modern flower beds, and you can meet it in many gardens.