Wisteria grows in the wild in the subtropical regions of America and Asia, found in China, in the Caucasus and Crimea. This subtropical plant belongs to the legume family (Fabaceae).
Rhode Wisteria has up to 10 species, but considered decorative Japanese and Chinese wisteria.
Wisteria is hardy and durable. All types of wisteria very strong, strong-growing vines, which grow to a height of 10-15 meters. With a very large showy flower clusters she decorates pergolas, terraces. She planted along the fence and adorn the walls of the house are also grown in containers.
In our gardens are usually grown two kinds:
- The Chinese wisteria (Wisteria sinensis).
- The Japanese wisteria (Wisteria floribunda).
Inflorescence Chinese wisteria has a length of 15 centimeters. The flowers are revealed at the same time, creating a very impressive view. They did not lose its appeal even after flowering. Dark green leaves beautiful hanging to the ground. Later, Chinese wisteria blooms in the summer for the second time, though a bit less noticeable, as part of the flower is covered with leaves.
Japanese wisteria weaker growth, its height is only about five meters, but it may even be desirable in some gardens. It fascinates tufts of pink, purple, blue or white flowers, which often reach 50 cm in length. They appear at the same time with light-green leaves. Feathers leaf length of 20 to 30 cm, shiny, alternating. In autumn they acquire distinctive yellow hue. The shoots are turned to the left.
The seeds contained in the pods brown hairy length from ten to twelve centimeters.
wisteria flower – planting, cultivation and maintenance in the garden
Wisteria – an exciting winding bush. To decorate your garden this beautiful plant, you must know that the planting and care have their own characteristics.
Where and when to plant the wisteria?
The choice of location is of great importance to every year wisteria garden flooded with flowers. Wisteria thrives in moderately fertile, light soil that does not dry out too much, and where the roots can grow to a greater depth.
It adapts to most soil types, but the most thrives in a neutral, weakly acidic soil with pH 6-7. Plants do not like much wet and calcareous soils. The best place to grow – the southern side of the fence or the house where the sun or partial shade.
Carefully prepared for planting. Close to walls and fences are often compacted soil, contaminated with remnants of roots and stones. Dig deep and remove the weeds, roots and construction wastes. Establish a support, as the tree needs strong support. Fence, pergola or arch should be made of a hard material to withstand the increasing weight of the plant. From the wall distance should be 50 cm seedlings are planted at a distance of 6 meters.
The pits should have the dimensions 60 x 60 x 50 cm. When planting pit poured into soil mix consisting of peat moss, sand, and humus. In this case the root collar of seedlings should not be buried.
Autumn – the best time for planting wisteria in the garden. If you put a winding bush in a suitable place in the period from September to October, the roots quickly gain a foothold in warm soil before winter.
Water the plants copiously, or vine will not bloom, or will flower poorly. The demand for water is high, respectively, it is a lot of moisture evaporates through the thick leaves and flowers. If the climber is exposed to drought, it resets its buds and flowers. To prevent this from happening, the hot spring and summer days, check the soil every day. If the top layer of soil (2 cm) appears dry, poured into water directly to the root circle.
Note!Light rain can not penetrate the earth through the thick foliage, so you may need to water the plant even after the rain. Ideally, you can use the collected rainwater or settled tap water.
Liana requires regular feeding, because it grows very quickly. Nitrogen-rich fertilizers promote the growth of leaves, this organic fertilizer are made taking into account the season. The optimal nutrient availability depends on the ideal pH value of the soil.
With the March / April wisteria monthly watered with liquid fertilizer for flowering plants. In September administered potash fertilizer to increase the hardiness. With the end of September, stop to feed nutrients to the new shoots have matured in time before the first frost. Fresh stems can freeze and significantly weaken the plant.
Note!If the content of lime in the soil is highly important minerals do not reach the root canals. Adding peat restore the acid or neutral soil values.
Condition for the successful cultivation is above all, regular and deep cut. Gently but regularly pruned the plant to achieve a regular and lush flowering to control the growth of wisteria. Kidneys are stimulated to flowering by trimming. Pruned branches sharp shears!
Immediately after planting climbing plants should be cut a few holes. This trimming is necessary for the flowering wisteria in two or three years. If trimming is not performed, the Gysin can give the first flowers in just a few years.
It is important to note that each wisteria blooms mostly on short shoots. Therefore, each cutting pursues a goal. With professional cut growth is monitored and maintained luxuriant flowering.
In the late winter or spring cut all the unnecessary and disturbing shoots. Last year’s branches cut to three buds from the base of the stem. Leave the main and most powerful branches. Those that grow from the root are removed completely. Pruning wisteria like a vine.
This pruning should be done in late summer. All side shoots, which are not intended for the main frame, shortened to a length of about ten centimeters – should remain about three buds. This measure is necessary in order to appear inflorescences on short shoots that bloom profusely. In subsequent years, new shoots should be left alone.
Important! The work carried out in gloves and long-sleeved clothing, as wisteria poisonous. You can not leave children or pets in the home garden as fruits and seeds are poisonous.
After planting exotic plant for the first time in the spring bloom in 2-3 years. It blooms twice a year. The main flowering period – from mid-April to early June. If weather permits, continue flowering in late summer, but not so abundant in the spring.
Note!The warm and sunny place, the more intense is distributed seductive fragrance.
If taken care of and caring for climbing plants, an abundance of flowers will be repeated for 50 years.
It depends on various factors:
- sunny or partially shaded places, at least 4 chasa sunlight per day;
- a secure place by strong wind;
- nutrient-rich loamy soil is loose;
- moist permeable, and without waterlogging;
- pH of 5.5 to 7.0 from the weakly acidic to neutral.
Wisteria grown from seed can blossom only after 7-10 years.
Where and when to plant the wisteria? How to grow from the seeds of wisteria at home?
To duplicate the most beautiful wisteria, generative method is selected between the seed and vegetative means via cuttings.
Collect seed pods in July / August. When they are fully ripe, the seeds take out of them. Use plenty of seeds for reproduction wisteria, as this option is associated with a high failure rate of seedlings.
Before planting the seeds are soaked in warm chamomile tea or soft water for 24 hours
The pots are filled with the landing soil planted 1 cm through each grain. Comprise a container on the windowsill partial shade at a temperature of 15-18 degrees. Regularly watered.
Germination takes from 2 to 8 weeks. The plant will need 7-10 years to blossom. For this reason, home gardeners prefer rarely propagated by seed wisteria.
In early summer, the best time for propagation by cuttings. This form of vegetative produced young sprouts. Cut semi-woody, not flowering branch.
Cut cuttings 15-20 cm in length. The lower half of the cuttings are planted in lean soil
In a warm, partially shaded place cuttings should be slightly moist. If the germ rooted in its pot to fall, it can be planted in the garden.
Preparing for winter
Late autumn wisteria resets its green foliage. This precaution is necessary to climber could easily survive the cold season.
In the year of planting to protect plants from frost. Before the cold weather covered the root circle of leaves or spruce branches. In dry, sunny weather, little snow and frost threatens wisteria and associated drought stress. In this case, it is poured into the soft days, but never warm water.
Not so long ago had been withdrawn resistant to frost species of wisteria, called Blue Moon. Planting and care are virtually indistinguishable from thermophilic species. The main difference is that the hardy wisteria can freely withstand temperatures up to – 40 ° C without cover.
The most spectacular of all flowering tree vines transform any site, filling it with magic.