Citle Ordinary: Features
Dogwood (Cornus MAS), which comes from the countries of Central and Southern Europe, Asia Minor, Armenia and the Caucasus spread over Europe and to other continents. It was grown as a decorative plant. Kizil is quite abundant in nature, especially in warmer areas on the southern slopes, and in dry deciduous forests.
Dogwood can grow like a tree, shrub or a live fence, depending on how to trim. Trees can grow in height from 3 to 5 meters.
Big fruits, which usually have an oval, slightly elongated or pear shape, after ripening shiny, most often light red or dark red.
Additional information! You can use fresh, but you can also use for the preparation of juices, compotes, jams, wines.
Dogwood blooms very early in spring (from February to the beginning of March). Tiny yellow flowers (less than 2.5 cm diameter) sprinkle shoots without leaves.
Flowers are an excellent source of nectar and pollen for bees, which are just beginning to wake up. Fruits with the size of cherry fruit are brightly painted, and mostly hidden behind the summer leaves.
Cornus: Care and Growing in Open Soil
Dogwood is a very unpretentious plant. In the wild, it is found on lime soils, most often on the meadows and forest edges, where enough light penetrates. Plant and flowers are hardy, so the dogwood can be grown in a colder terrain. Withstands temperature differences, as well as winter frosts up to – 40 C.
Dogwood is resistant to drought, it is threatened by very few pests and diseases. This is self-polishing (one-bedroom) plant, so it can be grown separately.
The only requirement for this tree is a sufficient amount of light. It will also grow in a half (at least 6 hours of light per day). It is best to grow in soils with a pH from neutral to a weakly alkaline.
Important! Sour soils are poorly tolerated, because they are poor Calcium, who is vital need.
Soil type for growing
Cornus prefers permeable, sublinist-sand soils, but not purely sandy. No problem is growing even on rocky soil. Its root system is strong enough to break into the clay, but in this case a slower growth and lower yield will be observed.
Wet soil is preferent, but constantly wet places are categorically inappropriate.
Cornus carries a very long drought, so it is not necessary to water it. Watering will be needed only during the period of long drought. Deeply watered at a depth of about 15 cm.
If Cornus is planted into sufficiently nutrient soil, no fertilizer is needed. On poor nutrients, soils can help him with a garden compost. In this case, very useful mulching with organic material (grass, leaves, weeds) directly around the trunk. They will gradually decompose, and naturally feed the tree.
The composition of the soil must have the most important trace element – calcium. Also useful to the higher content of potassium and magnesium.
The breeding of seeds is successful, but it must be borne in mind that the dogwood grows extremely slowly, and for a very long time will have to wait for an adult tree or bush. Seedlings also do not acquire the characteristics (quality of fruit) of the parent plant. However, they can be used for vaccination.
Vegetative reproduction is carried out very easily. From June to July, young shoots or half aless cuttings are cut from the plants, put them in water or directly to the ground. You can speed up the process using the root growth stimulator.
The vaccination is the safest method of breeding Kizyl. But at the same time it requires certain horticultural skills.
In the summer or autumn, the damaged and dry parts are regularly removed from the tree. Crop the side shoots on the trunk.
Trimming in autumn
If Krone Cornus becomes too thick, you can safely fire her so that the sun falls inside.
How and when to plant a Cornus
It grows very slowly, in one summer season an increase of about 10 cm. Fruits aged about 10-15 years old (lives up to 200 years), so buying a larger seedling is a faster way to grow it. The best time for planting already rooted trees is early spring or autumn Cornus can be planted at a distance of 4 meters.
Before planting, the roots are soaked in water for 1-2 hours.
The landing pit should be large enough (depth and width of at least 45 cm) so that the roots are not flex. The fertilizer does not add to the soil mixture, they can destroy young plants.
Plants put the plant in the landing fossa so that the roots lay freely. The soil is pressed around the roots, wipe well, impregnating all the soil and roots in the yammer. If the precipitation is not enough, they only watered the plants at least once a week during the first growing season.
The leaves should appear after 6-8 weeks after landing, when the weather becomes warm.
Nitrogen fertilizers are used 3-4 weeks after landing.
Around the base of the tree, mulch the soil, which contributes to better root growth and increases drought resistance.
Please note! Dogwood fruit without problems and without much care. Fruits ripen in about august-September. In the fall, the plant has beautiful red fruits rich in vitamin C.
Kizyl storage is possible only freezing or in the form of jam, juices or jams.
Pests and diseases
Cornus is very resistant to pests and diseases. In exceptional cases, aphid may be affected. However, it is impossible to struggle with it chemical sprays, do not carry them.
decorative and useful varieties
When buying a sapling, it is necessary to choose it very carefully, since there are countless varieties that are not edible, and serve only as decorative plants suitable, for example, for planting live elevations.
Begro Health Bego For Health
Why grow a doggle? It is suitable for cooking jam, syrup, you can eat raw or dried. On the tart of berries like cranberries
Beneficial properties of berries
Antibacterial and antiviral properties are suitable for the prevention of colds, since they contain a large amount of vitamin C and acts as a strong natural anti-inflammatory, antiviral and antibacterial agent. The large content of antioxidants ensure the protection of the body from damage to free radicals, and protect against chronic diseases.
Berries have excellent regenerating properties due to the high content of minerals. Rich in calcium, potassium, copper, iron, manganese, zinc and as a good sodium source,
A binding agent in case of plentiful bleeding makes muscles or body tissues to shrink.
Folk medicine recommends that these berries regularly use. The content of vitamin C, even after thermal processing, is as high as in lemons. Regular use of berries improves the function of the liver, providing a strong protective effect on it.
The main health benefits include:
- treatment of dysentery and diarrhea due to a strong binder effect, which is the result of high content of tanins
- supports kidney function, is an effective diuretic,
- helps reduce high blood pressure and promotes detoxification;
- has an antipyretic effect.
Cornus is the only fruit culture that does not have pests and diseases. Despite its utility, this important fruit is currently lost its popularity.