Bergenia comes from North Asia, and naturally grows in mountainous areas, so the plant adapts well to adverse conditions. Due to its frost resistance, it can be grown in any climate zone.
The badan genus unites 18 species, some of which are grown by gardeners. In addition, thanks to breeders, several dozen different hybrids were born. A perennial ornamental plant used in landscape design, it looks beautiful in a planting group with other undersized flowers.
This flower looks great against the background of stones, next to narrow-leaved or variegated plants (for example, phlox or hostas).
Additional Information! Under favorable conditions, they grow rapidly, forming dense green covers, so they need a lot of space around them. 4-7 plants should be planted per square meter.
Badan flower grows well outdoors, but it can also be grown indoors. Flowering begins most often in April and blooms until June. When dried inflorescences are removed, it can bloom a second time in autumn.
Cultivars have different shades of flowers and leaves, which vary depending on the variety. The shoots of the inflorescences are paniculate, from 20 to 40 cm high. One inflorescence can contain about 120 flowers.
The flowers are bell-shaped pink, red or white. Their diameter does not exceed 3-4 cm. Large, fleshy leaves, with pronounced ribbing, are collected in a basal rosette. May be wavy or jagged around the perimeter. In the autumn months, they gradually change color from dark red to bronze, there are also shades of brown. Bergenia leaves are used in floristic compositions.
The fruit is a box with seeds. The bergenia root is thick and horizontal and can vary from 6 to 35 cm.
Currently, the most commonly grown bergenia is thick-leaved and heart-shaped, which bloom in pink, as well as white, purple and red.
Bergenia is heart-leaved, with shiny beautiful leaves, and white flowers on strong stems.
Badan thick-leaved forms a short stem on which dense round leaves develop. The buds are collected in paniculate inflorescences of a pink hue.
Bergenia grows almost everywhere – from the shade to the sunny place. Prefers partial shade, although it can adapt to shady places, but most of all they bloom in places with a lot of light. In the shade they form fewer flowers.
Additional Information! Bergenii are not demanding on the quality of the substrate, and can grow in one place for several years. They suit almost any type of soil.
The best soils are moderately moist and humus.
Badan plant does not require moisture. A special need for fluid occurs only in dry summers. With regular rainfall, additional watering is not required. Carry out abundant watering of plants only in early spring and during flowering. With prolonged drought, the edges of the leaves will begin to dry.
Sometimes it is necessary to fertilize bergenia with a dose of properly decomposed compost. Under the leaves, loosen the soil around the plant and add compost to it. Excessive fertilization results in leaf development but limited flowering.
Bergenia will grow well in one place for more than ten years. He does not tolerate transplants.
This procedure is carried out for recreational purposes. In autumn, pruning is carried out to remove dry inflorescences.
Pruning plants in the fall
This is necessary in order not to waste the plant nutrients in preparation for winter. In the spring, another pruning is done: they cut off too long shoots, get rid of old dried and damaged leaves.
Vergenia is easily propagated by dividing old tufts in autumn or by rhizomatous cuttings in spring, or by seed. Seedlings grown from seeds develop slowly, begin to bloom from about the third or fourth year. This method does not guarantee the inheritance of the properties of the mother plant.
Bergenia can also be propagated by division or cuttings. To do this, from April to June, cuttings with three leaves are taken from the shoots. The cuttings are rooted in perlite or peat, then planted in the chosen place in the garden.
Diseases and pests
Bergenias are well resistant to diseases, in exceptional cases mold or gray rot may appear.
- powdery mildew;
- leaf spot;
- fading fusarium.
Fungal infections are possible only against the background of high soil moisture, as well as with the spread of infections from other crops.
The biggest pest is the snails, which love to stay under the big leaves and feed on them. From time to time inspect the plants under the leaves and remove pests.
Useful properties of bergenia
For medicinal effects, leaves and rhizomes are suitable, which are harvested in the fall.
Note! Bred varieties may have a slightly different composition of active ingredients and therefore not be as medicinal.
What is the use of badan? It has an anti-inflammatory effect: as a natural antibiotic and natural aspirin, due to its rich composition. The beneficial properties of bergenia are excellent in the treatment of sore throats, respiratory diseases, high fever, as well as in the treatment of cuts and burns. It normalizes blood pressure, strengthens blood vessels, lowers glucose levels and is therefore a powerful remedy for diabetes.
It is used in the form of infusion and tea, it can be used to prepare a decoction and tincture, which are used:
- to reduce pressure and strengthen the walls of blood vessels;
- with headaches and migraines;
- with dermatitis and skin lesions;
- with laryngitis, pneumonia, whooping cough;
- with hemorrhoids and uterine myoma.
Substances in the plant support the immune system, have antibacterial effects, and also have anti-cancer effects. It has a diuretic and antioxidant effect, neutralizes poisons and toxins, dissolves urinary stones, reduces joint pain and rheumatism. Reduces anxiety and promotes sleep, is considered a natural aphrodisiac.
Home remedies are useful for maintaining youth and beauty; Bergenia has a very good effect on the condition of hair and skin. Herbal teas help regulate oily scalp and get rid of dandruff. Perennial helps to cope with acne, narrows pores and normalizes the formation of subcutaneous fat.