Features of jade plants
What is a succulent plant? Succulents are surprisingly adaptable indoor flowers. Their care is simple and convenient. The only thing they can’t stand is the swampy soil. With proper care, they are able to live for a long time!
Jade plants are one of the most famous succulents in the world. Succulents of the Tolstyankov family are one of the most popular both indoors and outdoors. There are many types of such plants. They are known as the ovoid or oval plump, crassula, jade tree, money tree and friendship tree, with strong brown trunks and shiny juicy leaves. They have a slow growth rate. They can form unique forms of bonsai, and in containers they can grow up to 1.5 m in height.
The fat woman loves light, and especially young plants need indirect sunlight to thrive. They should receive at least four to six hours of sunlight every day, but they need to be protected from direct rays. Bright light can burn young, immature plants or cause reddening of the leaves in old ones.
In nature, succulents store water in their leaves, which allows them to survive dry periods. Healthy, well-hydrated plants have thick stems and fleshy leaves. If they look wrinkled, something is wrong with them.
Pay attention! The jade tree is not watered too often, as this can cause root rot. It is watered when the topsoil becomes dry to the touch. But if a plant loses its leaves, it is most often caused by insufficient water.
Insufficient watering is easy to fix, but a heavily waterlogged money tree may not survive. Yellow leaves indicate excessive watering. The roots begin to rot and the plant may die if the problem is not fixed as soon as possible.
Transplanting a houseplant with root rot
You can save a houseplant with root rot if you transplant it into fresh soil, carefully pulling it out of the pot, and cutting off all the brown, rotten roots. Some roots will remain healthy and white. Transplanted into a clean pot using a special soil mixture for cacti and succulents. Ordinary soil does not pass water well enough.
There should be a drainage hole in the container. A layer of gravel at the bottom of the pot will not provide drainage. The water remaining in the drainage saucer should be poured out as soon as possible.
How and when to transplant the succulent “money tree”
Transplanting a plant is often not necessary. It can usually be done every two to three years for young plants and every four to five years for older ones. If possible, choose a flower pot made of clay or terracotta, which will remove excess moisture from the soil, and will not allow the plant to swamp.
Overcrowding of the container does not harm the plant, but limits further growth. They grow to the size that their root system allows. If the flower has stopped growing or is too cramped, it may be time to think about transplanting it, increasing the size of the container.
Pay attention! Do not overdo it with the size: the larger the pot, the greater the risk that the soil will remain moist for longer.
Jade plants have a relatively small root ball compared to the size of the branches. As the thick juicy leaves grow, they become heavier.
How to transplant it correctly:
- Prepare a loose, well-drained mixture for cacti and succulents.
- To release the root lump from the pot, gently dragging the knife along the inner edge of the wall.
- Get it out of the pot, and inspect the roots.
- Remove old soil from them, be sure to remove all rotten or dead roots in the process. Treat all cuts with a fungicide.
Place the plant in a new pot and cover it with soil, spreading the roots when transplanting. Water thoroughly so that the soil around the roots of the plant settles. Leave the plant dry for a week, then start watering lightly to reduce the risk of root rot.
A month after the transplant, they begin to fertilize, introducing a balanced liquid fertilizer every two months from spring to autumn.
Spring, summer and autumn are the time for transplanting jade plants. If possible, avoid transplanting in winter, because at this time the plants like to rest.
How to plant succulent flowers
Plants with multiple branches can be divided into several specimens by making a clean incision with a sharp instrument through the center of the root coma.
The separation of jade plants can eventually give a new healthy one. Separation will not hurt them and will give them more of these easy-to-grow succulents. A new seedling of a jade tree is taken care of, as usual, following simple rules:
- Prevent him from going to a place where he can receive at least 3-5 hours of sunlight per day.
- They don’t change places too often. A change in the environment can cause a shock to the plant.
- It is impossible to keep it in the cold (at a temperature not lower than 13 C).
- The leaves are sprayed more often to avoid the attack of parasites.
- Do not water too often: in the hot months, keep the soil moist, but not wet; in the cold months, watering is stopped almost completely.
Plants and flowers positively influence the energy of people in the places where they live. Grow an easy-to-care succulent at home, which has great decorative value.