Choose the right time
Orchids should be repotted every 1-2 years, as their breeding ground loses nutrients. For most orchids spring – a perfect time to transplant, but there are other factors that should be considered. Orchid transplanted in such cases:
- plant bloomed and it grows new roots or leaves;
- the roots do not fit in this pot;
- pot damaged;
- a plant infected with insects.
like most plants, orchids for transplant – it’s stress. As a result of this procedure, it can get sick, stop the development of the roots, which is why the transplant is carried out once every few years. This should be done, as the plant will reduce the amount of pollen, but it is necessary to transplant the orchid with fewer negative consequences.
Transplant after flowering orchids. Preparation for transplanting
First of all, it should be remembered that after the orchid bloomed, it requires special care. She needs a sufficient amount of water, sun, and most importantly – it is necessary to fertilize.
Additional information!Before you transfer the task to update the way that is useful to the plant, as well as pick up a larger pot if the plant has grown.
Choosing the right pot.The volume pot for orchids is important, as too large flowerpot plant focuses on the growth of the roots, not the bloom. In addition to the orchid to survive, it needs to be put in a pot with drainage holes.
Choose a new pot that will grow orchids for one or two years, but not anymore. Most of this capacity is chosen just one size larger than the present.
You can use a plastic or ceramic pots for orchids.
Use containers wide and not deep, to prevent accumulation of water and with holes on the sides to arrive more air.
The most difficult part for the transplant is to separate the plant from the pot of the former, since it is necessary to separate the entire earthen room roots. If it is tight, it is worth slightly undermine it around, that will make it easy to pull the plant from the pot. Also, you can tap a little on the bottom.
The next stage – the liberation of the roots from the old land. Otherwise, change does not make sense. It should be done very carefully, slowly taking off the ground neat movements, being careful not to damage the roots. At this point, inspect the roots for pests. In the case of detecting the roots are immersed in water in which it is dissolved special means for processing against them.
Before going into transplant, the soil is well moistened, three days before in order to reduce the shock of transplanting. Pick up the correct environment for cultivation.
Additional information!Most orchids do not grow in the ground, like other plants, but grow on trees, they therefore can not grow in ordinary soil, and they need a very loose soil with the addition of pieces of bark and other organic substances.
At quarter pot volume should be filled with drainage, as which may be pebbles or beads penoplastikovye.
After got the orchid out of the pot, you will need a sterilized knife or scissors to cut the dead roots and leaves.
Note! It is important to use sterilized tools for pruning, to prevent the spread of viruses and diseases.
Neutering ways of cutting tools:
- to hold an open fire until the metal turns red;
- to plunge a knife or scissors in disinfectant for 20 minutes;
- boiled in water for 20 minutes.
Control orchid from the pot with his hand at the base, the other arm gently inverted upside down in the pot arm which presses plant.
If orchids clinging to the pot, gently shake it back and forth.
If you need to make any cuts, retain as much of the root or stem.
Holding the plant gently with one hand, gently remove the old soil with your fingers. When most of the medium was removed, the roots were washed with warm water to remove its residue.
Deleting it will provide Orchid get the maximum possible amount of nutrients for the transplant into the new soil and destroy any bugs.
Cut the dead roots and leaves, and place the orchid in its new pot, gently placing the roots inside. The plant must sit in the new pot at the same depth as in the old. If the orchid is sitting too low, add the soil substrate on the bottom of the pot.
Thereafter, the orchid is placed in a pot and slowly filled with its ground, thus with a stick filling the space between the root of fresh soil. If this is not done, the plant will be difficult to grow, and a part of the root system may die.
Once the orchid is behind bars in the new pot, water thoroughly impregnated soil environment. Watering plants is carried out only after 5 days after the plant is transplanted into the new pot. Orchid sprayed with water for three weeks, but only when the roots begin to grow. Over the next few weeks, you may have to water the orchid often until soil mix will not be able to absorb and retain more moisture.
Subsequently, it should be watered every two weeks or so, when the environment becomes dry to the touch.
Fed orchid once a week, using a weak fertilizer solution.
Provide orchid high humidity and shade in the week to reduce the stress of transplanting plants. To ensure greater humidity sprayed stems, leaves and roots twice a day for a week.
This recommendation is not so much the transplant, how much care the plant itself. Flowers orchids in heavy enough for the stalks, which is why they can bend and break, so it is advisable to substitute for them the support rods of natural materials, or tie.
A week later returned to the orchid in its place. Orchids love the full, but not direct sunlight. Behind a curtain or a small shadow it will be perfect.