At room conditions fuchsia grow to a height of 30-100 cm They have a large number of hybrid forms of the bush:. With straight stems spreading hanging (which grow as a basket plant), undersized dwarf varieties.
Leaves fuchsia medium-sized, oval-ovate with small notches on the edges. Flowers 4-8 cm in length, a variety of colors – hanging and single, emerge from the leaf axils. Simple or double, of various colors: white, pink, red and violet (there are two-color), they are stored for a long period.
The stems of young plants have a reddish tint, with age, they become light brown, stiff and brittle. They need to be removed.
Note!is not recommended to move or transfer the pot with a flowering plant from place to place, as fuchsia buds may fall off.
Fuchsia hybrid care at home
Hybrid Fuchsia unpretentious, it can take care of a novice, and her beauty deserves so that it can be found in the most exquisite collection of indoor plants. Over a long period of cultivation, growers have defined the rules of care for her, the observance of which makes it possible to grow a hybrid fuchsia – healthy and beautiful plant.
Reproduction fuchsia hybrid[/caption]
The root system of fuchsias is developing rapidly, and the flower is transplanted, if necessary. Often have a few years to update the plant, as the ambient conditions often fail to create the best conditions, with the result that it can throw off a significant portion of the leaves, and suffer from it. Fuchsia can still be saved, if you put the pots in a cool place for a while, until new leaves appear.
Fuchsia propagated by cuttings or large mature leaves with a strong stem. the breeding season – from spring to late autumn. For propagation choose matured, but not lignified shoots, slice them 8-10 cm long.
Pests and diseases fuchsia
When hot, dry air in a room, the plant pest may attack. Increasing the humidity, can reduce losses hothouse aphids, whiteflies and spider mites.
On young leaves may settle aphids sucking the juice from them. Rinse the pest can be hot solution. (50 ° C) aqueous soap solution (20 g of potash soap liquid to 1 liter of water).
Whitefly and its larvae cause a lot of damage to plants by sucking sap from the leaves and young shoots. Chemicals aktellik, vertitsillin, fitoverm can be used to combat it.
Spider mite forms on the leaves and young shoots wide web. Leaves were washed with hot, soapy water (20 g green liquid soap in 1 liter).
The plants were not affected by pests and diseases need to be prevented. Delicate, fragile shoots fuchsia, easily damaged. On sick leaves and stems occurs gray mold. It is recommended to carefully cut the damaged areas, the culture process Bordeaux liquid.
When visiting the autumn pruning bushes for malicious insects and diseases. If startled bark, diseased branches, and a small part of its healthy it is necessary to remove.
Due to the lack of light and heat the dry air, the late autumn and winter, fuchsia can reset leaves. Yellowing leaves of fuchsia can be for various reasons:
- plants reaction to too rigid tap water;
- overdrying or waterlogging earthen clod;
- due to lack of iron or magnesium in the soil.
To maintain immunity once a week sprayed with water with added growth bioregulator (zircon, Appin, Appin-extra).
Elegant, long blooming fuchsia attracts attention. Fuchsia is good and varied, able to decorate not only the window-sill, but also in the garden area.