With the onset of heat which did not look – everywhere rising sun flowers and fluffy dandelion balls.
- The types and other names dandelion
- Feature description dandelion
- Medicinal and useful properties
- Collection and harvesting dandelion
- The health benefits of dandelion organism
- In the treatment of various diseases
- Jam of dandelions
- Dandelion in the home of cosmetology
- Applications dandelion
- Reviews physicians
The types and other names dandelion
Dandelion – one of the most common plants on the planet, a species of which there are 70 subspecies of more than 1000. A perennial herb that grows in cold, temperate and subtropical regions of the planet. He grows mainly in meadows, along roads, in gardens, forest edges. Considered a weed.
It is interesting! The plant is subject to certain biological rhythms. At 6 o’clock in the morning baskets disclosed, and at 3 pm closed. Before the rain, they are also closed, protecting the pollen from moisture.
All kinds of dandelions little look different from each other. The difference can be seen in the form of roots and leaves.
Average drug dandelion (field or pharmacy), native to the Mediterranean and has spread throughout the globe.
The Latin name for dandelion – TaraxacumU. He has a lot, and people’s names: toothache grass, milk, down jacket, Dandelion, air flower and others.
Tooth grass called for the healing properties, by which treat dental diseases.
Milkman behind the white juice.
Down jacket – their parachutes. Sam yellow flower baskets consist of tiny flowers. Them in a single inflorescence is about two hundred. When they wither in their place appear puhovichki-parachutes. In clear weather they are carried away by the wind and spread the seeds throughout the county.
Feature description dandelion
Dandelions live two years. In the first year of germinating seeds, from which grow the leaves, and the root accumulate nutrients. The following year, the plant blooms and then dies.
Appearance of dandelions look like each other. The plant grows in height from 10 to 30 cm thick taproot and outlet elongated leaves. Leaves entire or toothed zubchatolopastnye, passing at the base in the long petioles.
All parts of the plant have a special vessel which is a milky sap.
Inflorescences baskets with small flowers are arranged on the bare tube peduncles.
Nutrients are found in all parts of the plant. They contain nutrients (proteins, fats, carbohydrates), organic acids (oleic, palmitic, linoleic, etc.) some fiber, mineral salts, vitamins, bitterness.
It is this bitterness has medicinal effects. To reduce the bitterness of dandelion leaves can be scalded with boiling water or soak in salt water, but they will lose some vitamins.
During the formation of flower buds leaves acquire rigidity and become unpalatable for use. The buds can be marinate in vinegar and used in salads.
Medicinal and useful properties
Its healing qualities dandelion delight, and it is widely used in folk medicine for many ailments.
Medicinal properties of dandelion is used as a diuretic, kidney stones and gall, diabetes. They help in the treatment of anemia, perfectly heals wounds.
Useful properties of the plant is not less diverse:
• calms the nervous system;
• improves the appetite;
• light has laxative properties;
• cleans the body, toxins;
• good for the skin and joints.
Collection and harvesting dandelion
Dandelion can help in many different diseases. It is recommended to include in the menu: to add to salads, soups. Collecting the flowers, as a medicinal raw material, it should be noted that the benefits of this plant will be when it is collected in a clean area, away from industrial sites and roads.
For harvesting leaf material suitable time in May – early June, when the plant blooms. Chosen for this purpose undamaged, developed leaves.
Dry them in the shade, occasionally stirring.
Plant roots can dig up in April when the young shoots are beginning to break out of the ground, and in September, when the leaves wither. During this period, the roots of plants are rich in medicinal substances, of which leaves good raw materials.
The roots were washed, purified from the ground, and dried at 40 degrees in the oven. They can be pre-dried prior to grind or cut and put a thin layer and dried.
The flowers are harvested at the beginning of flowering. Pluck their need to dry weather and dry, spreading a thin layer in the shade, in a ventilated area.
The health benefits of dandelion organism
Medicinal properties of a variety of dandelion. Above all it increases efficiency, reduces fatigue and tiredness.
For men’s health will be useful salad of young leaves and dandelion petals. Such a salad acts well on male sexual system.
2 handful leaves with cold salt water for 30-40 minutes, then the water is drained and cut.
Carrots and lemon peel rubbed on a grater.
Mix all ingredients, add 2-3 cloves of crushed garlic and a handful of pine nuts or walnuts.
All seasoned with vegetable oil.
In addition, that the dandelion has a wellness and restorative properties, for women it is an excellent tool for weight loss and for beauty treatments.
Pregnant and lactating women
It is proved that the beneficial properties of the dandelion beneficial effect on women’s health during pregnancy, filling it with the necessary nutrients. Improve bowel function.
Nursing mothers plant helps to produce breast milk.
The juice is used to treat acne. It is particularly effective in case of problems arising during the period of adolescence, when hormonal changes. Reduces Infectious education.
for the elderly
The dandelion a lot of calcium, needed for strong bones. He strengthens bones and reduces the loss of their strength.
Warning!Dandelion helps to reduce swelling and relieve pain in the joints when rubbed into them fresh juice.
For weight loss
When losing weight dandelion improves metabolic processes in the body. He as a mild laxative, does not disturb the balance of potassium, as he replenishes his stock. An integrated approach is a means of giving good results.
In the treatment of various diseases
Dandelion juice helps diabetics. It helps to stimulate the production of insulin in the pancreas, diuretic properties of the plant and remove the sugar from the kidneys through urine.
As part of the dandelion is rich in iron, which is an important component to raise the hemoglobin in the blood.
When skin diseases
1 tbsp. l. milled roots pour cup of hot water, simmered for 15 minutes, cooled and filtered. Take a decoction in the form of heat 3 times a day 1/3 cup for 15 minutes before eating.
As a laxative: dry roots crushed to a powder. Take 1/2 h. Spoon 3 times a day.
Dandelion improves metabolism. Blood disorders: a tool that: 1 tbsp. l crushed roots of sugar and 1 cup boiling water for 1-2 hours, filter. Take a quarter of cup 3-4 times a day for 30 minutes before eating.
Jam of dandelions
Unblown flowers rinse and leave soaked in cold water for a day. It is advisable to change the water several times, so all the bitterness is gone. Then drain the water and pour fresh. Boil for 10 minutes. Strain mixture and squeeze flowers. Add the sugar, lemon juice. Simmer for about an hour. Cool and pour into banks.
1 kg of flowers
1.5 l of water,
2 kg of sugar.
It acts as an antipyretic. To taste like honey.
Dandelion in the home of cosmetology
Oduvanchik- one of cosmetics used in the home cosmetics. It is used for many face masks. It moisturizes, whitens, nourishes and rejuvenates the skin. It helps remove dead skin cells and gives the skin elasticity.
They derive freckles and age spots.
To remove freckles and age spots to wipe face the juice from the leaves several times a day, up to a noticeable improvement.
To cleanse the skin as possible, prepare a lotion of dandelions. The plant with all parts washed obsushivayut and ground. At the bottom of a clean glass jar settle crushed dandelion and vodka poured (the mixture in a glass beaker regia), close lid and held for 10 days in a dark place. Then filter and dilute with boiled water (to polstakana tinctures one glass of water). A lotion to wipe the skin two or three times a day.
It will help strengthen the hair infusion of leaves. 1 tbsp. l chopped leaves pour a glass of boiling water. Within half an hour insist, and rub into the hair roots.
Rinse infusions prepared from the roots of the plant, eliminate the hair from dryness.
Dandelion is found in many popular recipes. Methods of preparation means a large number of dandelion. The plant is used
in the form of tea, broth, seasonings. Because it makes honey, jam.
Infusions and decoctions are used more often.
A decoction of the roots of dandelion are used to improve appetite, insomnia.
Dandelion juice valuable tonic and tonic. It comes from all parts of the plant. The plant soak for 30 minutes in the cold salt water to reduce the bitter taste. Dandelion juice may be preserved with alcohol or vodka.
The means used in diseases of the spine, bones, teeth to improve the fortress.
• The infusion is prepared from the juice extracted from the plant: one part juice take 5 parts vodka.
• Half a cup of fresh finely chopped roots pour half a liter of vodka.
Keep in dark, cool place desirable. Two weeks later, the solution was filtered and put in a refrigerator. It can be stored a long time. Take one spoon 2 times a day before meals with inflammatory diseases, constipation and loss of appetite.
The infusion can be used as a lotion for skin diseases.
Prepare tonic infusion can be made from leaves and roots. A tablespoon of minced raw pour a glass of boiling water. Insist 2 hours, filter and take it to the fourth part of the glass half an hour before a meal.
Dandelion tea is made from all parts of the plant. The leaves can be used fresh or drier in winter. It is prepared from young leaves, while a little bitterness in them. Insist as an ordinary tea. For a taste, you can add citrus peel and mint leaves. It turns flavored drink.
The composition of many herbal teas include dandelions and inflorescence leaves. dandelion oil helps to eliminate the traces of scars from burns, eczema and psoriasis. linen cloth soaked in oil is applied to the problematic place.
Oil has choleretic effect and relieves constipation.
100g flower heads pour 250 ml olive oil or sunflower oil. Flowers lay in a glass jar (they do not need to wash) oil have to boil and carefully pour boiling oil content in the bank. Cover tightly with a lid and leave to infuse for a day. After one day overcome and stored at ambient temperature in a cool, dark place. Take requirements. Contraindications for use dandelions
If there are many useful properties, this plant also has its contraindications. You can not use means based on a dandelion people who raised gastric acidity (ulcer and gastritis). When blockage of the bile ducts. In the gastro-intestinal disorders dandelion can cause loose stools.
Modern pharmacology has a wide range of different drugs, which include medicinal plants. Among them, the main place is given to a dandelion. Avicenna, a medieval scholar and physician, argued from personal experience about the medicinal properties of this plant. Modern doctors often prescribe drugs to patients based on a dandelion from many diseases: general malaise, replenish the body’s calcium, iron, vitamins and other beneficial substances.
Scientific studies have shown that drugs from dandelion root reduces the number of breast cancer cells and cancer of the prostate.
Important! Self-treatment under any disease can not be engaged.
Alina, 19 years old
I have dry skin with freckles. I bleach the spots with a mask of dandelion flowers. It does not dry, and does not tighten the skin, you can forget about cosmetics that mask freckles.
Lily, 26 years old
I knew about the usefulness of dandelion juice for the face in my mother’s proven example. I used to use store cosmetics for care, but after rashes on my face, I started using folk remedies. Nature has given people the opportunity to maintain health by natural means, and do not neglect this. A modest dandelion grows underfoot, which many consider a weed; it can help people in the treatment of many diseases.