What is Bonsai?
Additional informationThe Japanese bonsai tree – miniature tree in a pot, which is carefully styled to achieve the aesthetic effect
This plant has become extremely popular in recent years in Japan. Most are tropical or semi-tropical species. Apply various techniques in order to trees were small, but proportional to those which grow in nature.
Almost any tree, shrub or plant can be used for bonsai, but the best candidates are compact shrubs and trees, which have small leaves or needles. Trees used: a needle-shaped leaves, such as pine, with larger leaves – as a maple trees, flowering bonsay- like cherry trees and fruit – like quince.
Types of Bonsai
Chinese bonsai tree come in different styles. The most common:
- Formally straight – straight trunk, the top of the tree is in line with the base
- An informal chat -.stvol slightly tilted, but the top of the tree ends just above the base of the center.
- Italic -. The whole tree is tilted in one direction
- Cascade – upright growing tree down to one side, like a tree on the edge of the cliff
- In the forest-style – some trees are grown in the same pot, have a common root, are one tree
- The Rock. The tree grows on a cliff, whose roots in the cracks of stone or in the soil at the bottom.
A variety of mini-trees extensively, but the beginner gardeners recommend starting with conifers, because they are long-lived and fairly unpretentious.
Bonsai combine certain plant species:
- evergreen, with saturated green all year round;
- In the spring, blooming in summer period, able to throw flowers in the autumn;
- with an intricate shape of the trunk and branches.
Bonsai can be used for any plant, but must be selected heat-loving trees and shrubs for indoor flower. Flower bonsai ficus will be a delightful decoration of the room.
Features of cultivation
Formation is one of the main tasks of bonsai cultivation.
NoteThe formation of shoots and stems, giving them artificial distortions and directions – not an easy task
By means of the wire is controlled and the direction of growth of the branches of the barrel, gently changing its branch. Tree structure start from the roots. The visible part of the root helps to create the illusion of age and weathering, and is a desirable feature in bonsai. Open the trunk with roots produce an interesting composition. The trunk is straight or curved, draws attention to its interesting features.
The design of the tree branches are controlled by pruning, observing the scale and proportion. The secret to creating a small copy of the garden tree is constant pruning of the crown and roots. Thanks to these segments, a balance is achieved above and below ground parts of the plant, as well as forming the desired crown.
This process can take many years. Ornamental trees should be balanced and harmonious. No branch should not completely prevent the other. The goal is to create a tree in which each branch contributes to the whole, not hiding the other branch. Structure root stem and the color and shape of leaves create integrally.
Bonsai: Care at home
Bonsai need to deal with constantly. Most care procedures require special skills training.
Caring for them is not so difficult, but because the plant is contained in small pots, you must follow a few basic rules with regard to their watering, fertilizing and transplanting. They usually require a lot of light and a fairly constant temperature and humidity.
Regular watering depends on many factors. Trees watered when the soil is somewhat dry. This means that it is not necessary to water the tree, if the soil is still wet, and must be watered only when, the feelings, the ground seems to be a little dry. The best option – watering in small portions, but quite frequent in number.
Composition soil mixture strongly influences the frequency of watering. Regular feeding of fertilizer during the growing season is crucial for the prosperity of bonsai. Conventional trees growing in nature, have long roots that help them get the necessary nutrients. Bonsai growing in relatively small pots and, therefore, it is necessary to periodically soiling for replenishment of nutrients in the soil.
Regular transplant is essential to prevent the filling of the entire volume of the pot growing roots of the tree and, eventually, its weakening and collapse. Transplantation contributes to its improvement and growth. transplant frequency depends on the size of the container and the type of wood.
NoteFast-growing trees every two years is necessary to transplant (sometimes even every year), and the older and mature trees every 3 – 5 years
If the roots are not yet beyond the root ball, then you can wait for a transplant a year. Typically, a transplant is done in early spring, when the tree has not yet been awakened.
The lack of light is bad for the development of the plant. Will bring enormous benefits in the summer garden, a garden, a balcony or a window open. Fresh air has a positive effect on the growth and development of this unique plant.
Caring for bonsai is not easy, but the pleasure they bring enormous. Look at the indoor bonsai tree is very nice. It pleases the eye, decorates the house, relieves stress and helps to purify the air. With proper care it can live a long time and become a living symbol of the link between generations.