Medicinal plants in the garden. How to grow?

Medicinal plants are plants that have the healing effect. Today, therapeutic herbs are closely connected with a healthy lifestyle. They are used not only to improve health: protection and prevention, but also as food, for the production of tea, medicines, cosmetic products and seasonings.

Features of the healing herbs

Herbs from home garden use not only as spices. You can also prepare pleasant and healing teas with some health problems. Recommends growing calendula, echinacea, mint, chamomile or sage

In Europe, about a thousand species of plants are known, 800 of which are used in traditional folk medicine. In official medicine, 300 is mainly used in the production of medicines. Collect some medicinal herbs in nature or grown them in the garden. They contain certain medicinal substances that have a variety of action on the human body.

In addition to therapeutic effects, they can also offer a beautiful smell and appearance. Due to the beauty and long-term flowering period, they are often used on flower beds with perennials.

Proper place and care

Therapeutic herbs can be easily raised at home. The overwhelming majority of such plants require a solar place. The soil should be loose and breathable, and can do without watering for several days in the midst of summer.

They can withstand a dry habitat and soil poor nutrients. Another half is popular with peppermint, medical liguria and fragrant blonde.

Pepper mint

Additional information! Thanks to the right choice, soil, fertilizers all herbs feel beautiful. In such places of grass of the highest quality on aromatic and healing substances.

Medicinal and aromatic herbs mainly require a neutral or alkaline soil reaction or a sufficient amount of calcium in the soil.

Many medicinal herbs also require a small amount of fertilizers. Most herbs do not need so much nutrients how many vegetables, especially for plants from the Mediterranean, such as sage, lavender and thyme. Nevertheless, it is necessary to provide them with the right nutrients.

Please note! All herbs with small solid leaves (for example, thyme) are best grown with a small amount of nutrients. On the other hand, herbs with a lush green mass of leaves from time to time need fertilizers.

Also they need watering. Herbs with soft large leaves require more water than plants with smaller sowing leaves.

Reproduction of medicinal herbs

Drug herbs spread in the garden through seeds, cuttings, root processes and young plants.

Many herbs can easily sow straight into bed. In some cases, sowing is the best way to make medicinal herbs in the garden. Seeds ripen, and fall out of dry flowers or pods, they can be collected, dried and sow autumn or spring.


You can also multiply with cuttings. For this, a young strong escape is cut, remove all the leaves, except for the 2-3 of the highest, and plant a stalk into the soil.

For some herbs, it is enough to plant a segment of the root, about 5 cm in the ground, from which a new plant is obtained.

Planting medicinal plants

Many medicinal plants are perennial, and they are sowing them in the first year or grown in the room, and since May is planted outdoors.

Fragrant Circling with Herbs

Annual medicinal plants, such as velvets, can be re-sowed every year in April.

Growing some medicinal plants in small areas

Herbal medicinal thyme is not only a popular grass in the kitchen, but also an important medicinal plant to combat cough. Its antibacterial, soothing and anti-inflammatory effects are only a small part of the healing properties. Thyme also has a spasmolytic effect and is thus suitable for the treatment of the digestive system. This plant is becoming increasingly popular.

Sage is one of the oldest famous medicinal plants. Although there are 36 different types of sage in Europe, Salvia Officinalis has proven itself as a medicinal plant. Its leaves are often used with the inflammation of the mouth and throat mucosa. It also possess a strong, disinfecting effect, contribute to the exchange of substances and stimulate digestive activities.

Important! Using Sage should be discussed in advance with a doctor or pharmacist.

The real sage for prosperity is needed solar and warm place. It should also be watered regularly, but not excessively. He can’t tolerate.

Echinacea (Echinacea Spec.) It is often grown as a decorative shrub.

Echinacea Purple

Purple flower has a healing effect: strengthens the body’s immune system and prevent infection. This natural remedy will help with colds and chronic infections.

It is believed that Echinacea contributes to the rapid healing of the Russian Academy of Sciences, so the flower is often applied as a paste on poorly healing wounds.

Chamomile is one of the most famous medicinal plants. It grows well on dry and sandy soils, prefers a sunny and warm place. She is suitable space without shadow. It has anti-inflammatory, antispasmodic and antibacterial effect. Flowers of chamomile bring relief to the gastrointestinal tract, with inflammation of the oral cavity and throat. Thanks to the soft components, the chamomile is also suitable for children.

Chamomile Pharmacy

Lavender is an approved medicine, which is mainly prescribed with nervous exhaustion, hoping and alarm. Freshly tea with lavender flowers and leaves has a soothing and even antipyretic effect. If you drink tea with lavender before bedtime, a deep and healthy sleep is provided.

She needs a sunny and warm place, poor nutrients and well-drained soil. In winter, you should ensure that the lavender does not go too much. Sensitivity to frost may occur.

Melisa not only smells good, but also is a pleasant spice. It is also known as a medicinal plant. It has an anxiolytic and soothing effect., Removes the bloating of the abdomen and helps the stomach to relax

Calendula is part of various wound-healing ointments, help the skin to heal. Wounds are closed faster, and inflammation decreases. Beautiful flower can be much larger. Inflammation in the mouth or throat is also improved due to therapeutic properties of the plant. However, if sensitive skin, notes can cause easy irritation.

Healing herbs on flowerbeds

Grouping of plants with the same requirements for the conditions, on one bed guarantees their balanced growth and development. Such as Mediop, Lavender, Sage and Timyan complement each other. When placing fragrant herbs, the ability of biological protection against pests and diseases for vegetable, perennial and pink plants is used. The fragrant lavender and the intense smell of pepper mint are molded from roses and other plants. Border, with pink blooming thyme, can scare up snails. Stimulate the growth of other plants.

Some herbs support the growth and production of aromatic and flavoring substances in adjacent plants. Chamomile increases the share of essential oils in carrots, parsley and parsnake.

Proper drying of healing herbs

Dosage or aromatic substances are found in the entire plant, or focused in some part of it: flower, leaves, root. Depending on where it is most located, the part is collected.

Collect herbs in dry days and hang them with small beams in a ventilated and shaded place. Leaves and flowers can also be dried in the oven at low temperatures (about 70 ° C).

Collection and drying of plants

Package only when everything is completely dry, otherwise the grass can be molded. Dry herbs crumble at rubbing between fingers. Store in dry and protected from light place.

Plants have a beneficial effect on health, but they do not replace medicines.

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