Aphid Damage to plants
There are more than 4,000 species of aphids of various shapes and colors (black, brown, green, yellow), of which 250 are pests, bringing great harm to the garden. Quick ability to grow (year 10-16 generations) can lead to infection of this pest for more than 95% of the plants. This tiny insect pierces the stems of plants to suck the nutrient-rich juice. Aphids also carries viruses that attack plants, which often lead to the death of crops.
Dew honeydew released by aphids, creates a favorable environment for the black fungus that spread rapidly, saving the plant to sunlight.
Effective methods to get rid of aphids without chemical insecticides. Folk remedies to combat aphids
There are quite a few popular recipes for ecological pest management.
Gardeners often use biological methods for the destruction of aphids in small gardens and indoors. ecological methods the advantage of getting rid of aphids – the safe use of crop.
Some plants naturally produce insect repellent. These natural insecticides found mostly in the form of essential oils. Concentrated biological insecticide is not harmful to plants and animals other than insects.
For the protection of plants and crops using plant extracts and teas. Dandelion ordinary – one of the most famous of insecticidal plants. Using plucked stems or leaves that are boiled for 15-20 minutes, then infused for 24 hours.
Such plants include nettle nettle, rosemary, marigold, mint, dandelion, and many other plants. To remove aphids can be prepared in a simple solution by choosing one or more of these plants. Selected plants pour hot water, you can boil a bit and let stand at least one day. Filtered solution and sprayed the damaged plant.
Broth chili pepper – an excellent remedy against pests garden. It destroys the codling moth, aphids, caterpillars, psylla, mol. Used fresh and dried peppers.
For this recipe will require fresh pods of fiery red pepper. 1kg minced pepper Pour 10 liters of water. To give solution to stand 10 days. The concentrate (100g) should be diluted in a soap solution (40 g soap per 10 liters of water)
100 g of fresh crushed pods boiled in 1 liter of water over a low heat. Then the broth must sit for 48 hours. It is desirable to maintain it in a glass container.
100 g of dried peppers 1 liter of water. At low heat prepared broth for about two hours under a closed lid. The resulting composition is made up with water to a volume of 10 liters. For treatment of plants 50 g of pepper tincture is diluted in 10 liters of water. Processing is carried out by spraying.
Note! Red hot peppers has established itself as one of the most effective methods. Use this solution can be everywhere and long to keep the solution in a cool place in closed containers.
Apply the extract from infected aphids plants by spraying. The advantage of the spray the aphids is that it permanently repels them, but also acts as a natural fertilizer. The disadvantage is that it also deters the natural enemies of aphids. Among the insects, larvae of ladybirds, which feed mainly on honeydew liquid, are effective.
Other ways to get rid of aphids
You can get rid of aphids by hand. They have a soft body, so they can be eliminated by a light touch. However, the manual removal of only practical for a small number of insects. For stronger aphid infestation expedient removal of the water jet, with which it is washed away from infected plants. This method is suitable for those plants that can withstand a strong jet of water.
The organic extracts
The fresh air help of garlic extracts or tobacco. Garlic has antibacterial properties and has an odor, an insect-repellent. 20 cloves of garlic cut into small pieces and pour 1 liter of boiling water. Garlic give it brew for about a quarter of an hour, then strain it and treated the affected plants are about two times a month by spraying.
Tobacco infusion acts like garlic. tobacco pack boiled in three liters of water for one hour. It is recommended to boil the fresh air, the best in the old pot. The infusion is diluted with pure water in the ratio 1: 1 and added few drops of detergent. Were treated by spraying the affected parts of the plant.
Soapy water from aphids
Plain soapy water is toxic to the aphids. It destroys the surface of the soft body. How to cook a insecticidal soap? Several tablespoons dishwashing detergent or hand mixed with warm water and applied to the affected part of the plant using a sprayer or sponge. To insecticidal soap worked effectively, the plant must be thoroughly sprayed on each side, including twisted leaves. Apply to infected plants several times a week, preferably in the evening. Unlike tobacco and garlic will not disturb the odor.
Additional information!Soapy water is also effective against other harmful insects with soft body (mites, moths, worms, etc.) And is not toxic to mammals, birds and beneficial insects.
In this case it is less environmentally friendly, but it is suitable for ornamental plants.
Planting of useful plants
Aphids, like other pests, can not stand the smell of parsley, garlic, lavender, rosemary, sage, tarragon or nettle.
The interaction with ants. Fighting garden ants and aphids
Where there are aphids, ants are found. Aphids allocates a thick sweet liquid that attracts ants, and are often the cause of infection of plants by aphids. These insects help each other. Aphids relatively stationary and the ants help her move from plant to plant, protecting them from ladybirds – the enemies of aphids.
Note! That is why the fight against aphids is often recommended not to forget about ants.
Using the most favorite folk recipe, you can experiment and find the most effective.