Thyme (Thymus vulgaris) belongs to the family colors sponge (Lamiaceae), to the subfamily Nepetoideae. There are about 350 of the most common types of which are thyme.
Thyme – a small shrub, up to 30 cm is originally from the Mediterranean.. This plant thrives on warm sunny slopes, sheltered from cold winds. On stems formed thin needle leaves, size about 2 mm. They may be green, gray-green and yellow-green and smell the thyme is not only, but also lemon. In the upper part of the stem are formed small clusters of white, pale pink and purple flowers. All plants belonging to this subfamily are characterized by a high content of essential oils. Aromatic fragrance is released when you touch the plant.
Where grows thyme? Thyme (Chabrov EC): planting and maintenance in the open field
Thyme is often grown as a popular medicinal and culinary herbs. This heat-loving plant, but can adapt to colder places. In warm countries freely grows naturally in meadows or forest edges. The plant does not cause problems in the cultivation, if to provide the appropriate facilities to care for. In our country, thyme can be successfully grown in the garden. Also grown indoors in a flowerpot.
Suitable soil is more dry, permeable, sandy loam. Light, calcareous soils are also suitable.
Thyme can not stand waterlogging. Soil Flooding causes problems, especially in winter. So when planting you need to ensure plant quality drainage.
Thyme watered sparingly, but do not allow the soil to dry completely. Watering thyme is most suitable room temperature water that is poured into the bowl under the pot.
Thyme is fertilized only with organic fertilizers in the spring. In the summer of additional nutrients may prevent the development of shoots, which greatly reduces plant resistance to frost.
Note!Thyme is not picky about the medium, it is not fertilized, since taste and smell may be impaired.
Each year after flowering is recommended to trim the plant to keep it compact growth. Like many shrubs, thyme is very well tolerated pruning shoots. Regular their reduction is necessary to prevent the shrub has become too woody.
During cultivation outdoors plant new plants every 4-5 years. In our conditions, thyme is grown mainly from seeds, which are sown in boxes in March and April. Seeds are placed on the soil surface, gently press them, and allowed to germinate in the light place.
In May, the seedlings can be moved to the garden. You can also sow the seeds of thyme in directly into the ground in April and May, in areas with plenty of sunshine, which is protected from the wind.
The distance between rows should be 40 cm and the sowing depth of 0.5-1 cm Care The most important post-emergence -. Weeding and loosening the soil. Watering is carried out when a long period of no rain.
Before winter, the plants covered just in case. It is recommended to move thyme grown in containers, in a cool room.
Thyme – spice collection and storage
Thoroughly dried grass, and in winter it is used for tea. The plant is harvested in the morning, the weather is dry, evaporates when the morning dew. It is the high content of aromatic substances prior to flowering. Thyme stored dry or stored typical aroma and taste properties.
Thyme dried thin layer or tie into bundles and suspended in the air shady place.
Important!Proper storage in a well-sealed container.
Thyme medicinal properties and contraindications
The use of the kitchen
Thyme – is an aromatic herb that smells very strongly after crushing. While adding to the food should be used with caution, as the grass smells very intense and strong flavor can suppress the flavor of other ingredients. When used properly, it tastes good and gives the food a particular taste. thyme used for soups, sauces or meat, also used in the production of herbal liqueur.
Thyme: the benefits and harms. The healing properties of
The grass is one of the strongest vegetable antibiotics:
- strengthens the immune system;
- improves digestion;
- struggling with constipation, bloating and abdominal pain;
- has antimicrobial and antiseptic effect:
- helps with the regeneration of lung tissue;
- treats minor injuries and skin diseases;
- treats urinary tract inflammation;
- strengthens the kidneys and liver;
- strengthens memory;
- a positive effect on the psyche: a feeling of well-being and prevent negative thoughts and soothes
Thyme is used for colds and has beneficial effects on the digestive system. The plant comprises thymol, a substance that has a soothing effect on the respiratory tract and has a stimulating effect on blood circulation and digestion.
Thyme extract used in cosmetics, it is added in toothpaste and cosmetics.
Commonly used thyme tea, which is prepared by adding dried thyme in boiling water and infused for 5 minutes, thus has considerable disinfecting and antiseptic action. A suitable daily dose is 10 grams of thyme thymol Overdosing can cause vomiting, severe headaches, thyroid disorders, and the like. Its use is not recommended for pregnant and lactating women.
Thyme: possible diseases and pests
Thanks to the essential oils and the associated aroma of thyme completely unattractive to pests. Only gray mold can cause problems when grown thyme, if the grass is too watered. Mold noticeable on a whitish-gray and fluffy fly on the thyme leaves.
You can fight this by cutting the diseased part of the plant. If this does not stop the disease, the plant should be completely removed to prevent further spread of the disease.
It should grow thyme in the garden or in a pot on a window sill or on the balcony to have on hand fresh sprigs. It is recommended to regularly break off them, so they are not woody.