Choose Rose Sort
The first step to healthy, beautiful roses is a choice of varieties. The right choice of roses is very important when growing them in the open soil. Beginner gardeners first need to pay attention to the species that are easily adapted to climatic conditions. Also take into account resistance to various diseases (for example, mildew). Tea-hybrid roses are considered demanding and pretty wound.
White roses, unlike tea-hybrid roses with one flower on the stem, create inflorescences with smaller flowers. Possessing powerful and thick growth, such roses are ideal for a group planting in garden sites or for terraces in large containers.
The plenty rose is easy to handle and is ideal for any garden. It gives a special charm of every wall, terrace or balcony.
How to grow roses in the country: landing and gardening for garden roses
How to put roses purchased in the store? Before boarding shrubs, it is necessary to prepare well and focus the soil. It is necessary to dull the pits whose depth will be at least sixty centimeters. They need to be filled with a mixture of nutrients, which fills the soil with the necessary minerals.
How to plant a rose in an optimal place? Roses love the sun. Even if there are varieties of roses that can be planted in partially shaded places, most prefer predominantly the full sun and, therefore, they need at least five hours of sunlight.
Roses like warmth, but that they were not too hot and stuffy, for example, in places where heat accumulates ,: South Wall of the house or under the covered terrace.
Located in the right place, roses in the garden will be better blooming and grow. It is important that the place is well ventilated (the leaves could quickly dry after the rain) so that from other plants there was a sufficient distance.
correctly selected plants
What colors combines a rose on the flower bed? A properly chosen company from plants also contributes to the prosperity of roses: sage and lavender – good companions for noble colors.
Suglining loose soil rich in nutrients are suitable for roses. Landing time at a permanent place – autumn or early spring.
The roses planted in the autumn on time, and begin their development in the spring. With autumn landing, shoots are not cut off, but are covered with 20-25 cm layer of loose soil. Rose and winter. Early spring the soil is removed to the ground level, and shoots cut up to 2-3 cm. Such trimming stimulates sleeping kidneys, and vegetation begins in the first warm spring days.
Spring landing of roses begins in the garden as soon as the weather allows you to work on the street. Plant roses in May is undesirable. Because of the heat, the conditions become unfavorable for rooting, which occurs slowly, and plants are poorly developed in the first year.
Additional information! Place roses in the late spring and summer already rooted in containers. During this landing, the roots are gently placed in the well with the soil substrate from the container, trying not to violate the already formed root system.
How to plant roses?
Decorative roses are not very demanding of the quality of the soil, they are grafted on the roots of wild plants, and they have high adaptability to various types of soil.
planting in spring
Rose roots before planting shorten up to 18-20 cm. It will stimulate the formation of young roots. After landing, it is abundantly watered until the water remains on top. It helps the soil better to settle around the roots and, consequently, landing is performed.
What to plant next to roses? Roses satellites are perennial plants. Samshat is a classic companion of roses. It can be planted as a border for flower beds with roses or as a small shrub between roses bushes.
What else needs plants – watering in the summer
Particular attention should be paid to the provision of water water. Water is extremely important:
- in the first month after landing;
- in hot and crowded days.
How to water roses in the open soil? Never water roses under the scorching sun. It is best to water them early in the morning, since the probability of burning on the plant is not large, since the leaves have not so much so much in the sun.
When and how to water rose? Even when the soil is very dry, quite well water roses once or twice a week.
Important! Roses are watered below. The most common mistake – let leaves get wet. When watering the foliage should not be wet. You should water only the soil, and not leaves and flowers.
Roses deep roots. Deep rooted they can get water from deeper soil layers. However, in some cases additional irrigation is necessary. If the rose was recently planted, it must be regularly watered, Fauk as she has no deep roots to provide themselves with a sufficient amount of water. A common and especially serious mistake is too wet and overwhelmed flower bed with roses.
Feeding roses during bootonization
Proper fertilizer roses will have a positive effect on the quality of plants, as well as at the speed of their growth. Roses are needed nutrients. What to feed roses during flowering period?
Roses grow long and can remain in one place for more than 20 years. Due to continuous flowering, they need a lot of nutrients that are needed to create colors. That is why abundant feeding is the most important condition for their successful cultivation.
Complex fertilizer for roses is a care that gives them all the necessary nutrients at each stage of development. Do not ferture roses at the end of the year.
In the spring, fertilize with organic fertilizers with slow release, such as compost. Roses can also receive fertilizers during flowering. But too much or irregular nutrients are also harmful. Therefore, anyone who buys finished fertilizers should follow the information on the packaging.
The mulch is used as a protective layer around the trunk, to constantly do not ride and loosen the flower with roses. In the fall and winter mulch is ideal for protecting the sensitive roots of plants from frost.
Experienced gardeners know how important the cropping roses after flowering is, as this will allow them to provide their beautiful view.
Additional information!Pruning is an important activity in rose growing. It is aimed at correctly form a rose bush and provide abundant and continuous flowering. Since they agreed with time and lose the desire to bloom Pruning does not give roses to die.
Roses are subjected to the main spring trimming. Removes all patients and damaged branches. At the same time, the old shoots of bushy and border roses are cut into 1-2 kidneys, but it is impossible to crop plants too low.
High empty roses are cut depending on which form will be transferred to the shrub. When branches are maintained at an altitude of 2-3 meters and more, then all branches at the base are removed, forming a powerful stem that carries the upper branches. They are shortened to 2-3 kidneys every spring.
An important effect in summer care for roses is the cleaning of dried flowers. Modern garden roses bloom repeatedly – from the end of May to the first autumn frosts. To reduce the time between two blooms and get larger flowers, it is necessary to regularly clean the plant from dry flowers, cutting some of the twigs.
why the rose does not grow after landing
The fatigue of the soil is a phenomenon that is especially characteristic of roses when the same species are grown by one after another in the same place. Height delay may occur: new plants grow worse, less germinate or give fewer colors and fruits.
You can reduce soil fatigue using crop rotation. Mixed cultures also reduce the risk of soil fatigue. Only disinfection or replacement of the soil helps, because even after a break for more than ten years, roses are no longer growing on the soils, tired of roses
Some secrets of getting beautiful roses
In order for the growth process to be successful, you need to take care of the following important points:
- right varieties;
- Using a suitable substrate;
- Compliance with the required landing density,
- appropriate irrigation;
- Additional food;
- Regular trimming.
With the help of the right herbs and water, some plants can be treated from indirect faces or diseases in the garden.
decoction of horsetails against fungal diseases
1 kg of fresh field chewing
10 liters of water
Green fields of field horsetail insist 24 hours. Conduct to boil and boil half an hour. After cooling, infusion is filtered. Diluted in the ratio of 1: 5 decoction can be used. In acute cases it should be applied for three days in a row.
Basil helps from Tsley, as well as from a spider tick and whiteflies:
2 tablespoons of fresh basil;
1 liter of water.
Brew grass with boiling water, cool and spray a plant with undiluted solution. You can also use dried basil.
Ruhar nettle to strengthen plants
1 kg of fresh or 200 g dried nettle;
2 liters of water
Conduct nettle with water to boil and give to cool. The decoction can be diluted 1:10 and make a plant to strengthen and healthy growth. It makes plants more resistant to pest infection.
Ripple of nettle and horsetail against pest
? L Hardwill
? l from the horsetail
Mix two solutions, diluted in the ratio of 1:20 and spray three days in a row. The mixture can be used against aphids, a tick.
decoction of pegs against pests
1.5 kg of fresh blooming pyrhems (inflorescences contain most of the active ingredients);
10 liters of water.
Prepare a decoction and treat plants. The mixture helps from white still, snails, rust, mildew and root lice.
Diseases and pests
Rose, followed by a well-sufficient, more resistant to diseases and pests. Sometimes strong roses are sick. When Rosa is weakening, it is amazed by fungi, such as malievable dew black spotty or rust, which are found in roses in many gardens.
Yellow spots on rose leaves and black spotty – dangerous fungal diseases of roses. Black and brown spots resembling soot are formed on the foliage and are distributed in the form of a star. Leaves die away and fall from the plant. Black spots weaken the whole rose. Causes of infection – unfavorable location, sharp weather and temperature fluctuations, excessive fertilization and irregular watering. Throw the affected leaves from the site so that the fungus does not overlook them.
White raid on roses leaves How to treat? Puffy dew is also a fungal disease that manifests itself in the form of a white powdered plaque.
Muced dew on the leaves
In case of strong infection with malicious mushrooms, trimming stems can help.
A web appeared on a rose, what to do? To blame the web tick! They do not have lengths and millimeters and in the case of infection can cause significant damage. They weave the thin web just below and above foliage, the leaf looks dim, faded and can have small white dots. How to treat a rose from a paw-tick? It is best to thoroughly rinse plants outdoors, remove contaminated shoots and leaves. There are many other recommendations: the branch of the chewing helps from the pawn tick.
Why do not bud buds do not reveal? Black weevil is one of the largest pests of roses. Not only adult individuals, but also larvae beyond the leaves and buds, eat the roots, and even shoot roses.
Pink sawers eating huge holes on the leaves.
Tools of the fight against roses. Tar can be easily detected. At the beginning of summer, it is going on buds, shoots and young leaves. Experienced gardeners advise to wait two weeks so that useful insects have taken place: ladybugs, larvae of zlatpozlovok, etc. They quickly get rid of Tly. The condition for this is that the use of chemical pesticides should be avoided. Decoration from nettle is also one of the home resources from sucking pests.
Many garde owners avoid chemicals. Fungicides and insecticides, which are used to treat roses, should definitely be suitable. Fungicides help fungi, but no drugs will help against insects. To curb the fungal disease, the infected leaves should be removed and burn.
In the fall, recent preparations are held, so that roses can be successfully overwhelmed. Protection of breathable materials protects roots and shoots from frost damage.