Description of Canadian pine
To date, there will be no problems with the variety of conifers that can be planted in the country. Ornamental undersized pines have a huge number of garden forms. Due to the ease of care, varieties of Canadian pine can be found in the urban landscape, in all gardens, even the smallest ones.
Canadian hemlock is a coniferous plant of the pine family that grows in North America. Trees in the wild grow on wooded hillsides, rocky ridges, and river valleys.
Canadian dwarf pine has a beautiful appearance. Evergreen trees reach up to 1m. in height and is widely used in landscaping and landscaping.
Additional Information! Small compact tree blends well with deciduous shrubs. They are included in compositional groups with flowers, for the design of rock gardens, rutaria. It grows slowly, up to 3 cm per year.
The stems fit snugly against each other, and in the lower part they hide the base of the trunk. At the ends of the branches, dark green, dense rosettes are formed. Among all plants of the pine family, she has the smallest needles (1.5-1.8 cm). The needles are dark green, sharp and flat, with two light stripes on the underside (like spruce).
Canadian pine cones are small, up to 2 cm long, with a small number of scales, hanging at the ends of lateral shoots. They contain small dark seeds, with membranous wings, which fly away from the tree. After the seeds fall, the cones still remain on the pine.
Canadian pine: planting and care
Caring for the Canadian hemlock is not difficult. This species does well in cool and cold climates. Trees prefer partial shade, especially in areas with hot summers, but need daily direct sun. The plant is not afraid of full shade, but will lose its decorative appearance.
Varieties of Canadian pine
It gets along well with both other coniferous and deciduous trees.
Note! When choosing a habitat, it should be borne in mind that Canadian hemlock grows very slowly in unnatural conditions. Therefore, it can be placed in the foreground, in partial shade, but preferably with taller trees.
For cultivation, sites from slightly acidic to neutral, with nutrient-rich soil are preferred. For proper development, Canadian fir requires places with high humidity. At the same time, drainage is required – waterlogging causes rotting of the roots.
Canadian pine is best planted in early spring, the planting hole is prepared in the fall. It should be 60 cm deep and 50 cm wide. Before planting, compost is poured onto the bottom along with crushed stone. The roots are distributed on fertilized soil, the trunk circle is covered with the remaining earth. Top dressing is applied to the upper layers of the soil annually in the spring and autumn seasons.
In general, the trees are unpretentious, but when growing seedlings, they require constant attention. Young seedlings need good regular watering, top dressing with fertilizers and protection from too bright sun in summer. Healthy, strong seedlings are used, as this can greatly improve survival. Protect from damage, as growth may stop.
An ornamental plant does not tolerate polluted air. In urban conditions, they grow poorly, and in a country garden they will decorate the site. Also, Canadian hemlock does not like strong winds – the root system does not lie deep. Canadian pine, planted in poor conditions, turns brown, sheds needles and dies.
The most important part of Canadian hemlock care is proper watering. Low growing pine is not very drought tolerant. In regions where drought is common, it is best not to plant this crop. Due to its shallow root system, it does not tolerate drought well and should be watered regularly during long dry spells, especially when the plants are young.
A thick layer of mulch will protect the soil from excessive water evaporation and weeds. It needs to be changed every season so that fungal diseases do not have time to develop.
Dwarfs do not require regular pruning due to slow crown growth. These shrubs only need corrective pruning to keep them a certain size or shape. However, this is not necessary for the health of the tree.
Although these trees are hardy, their roots are best protected from the winter cold with mulch. They use natural material: hay, peat, last year’s needles, sawdust, which will provide a long-term greenhouse effect for the roots. In the spring, the shelter is not opened until the complete cessation of frost.
Breeding Canadian pine
Purchased seedlings are used to grow Canadian pine. Some gardeners propagate it from cuttings and seeds. Planting material is planted in moist soil, covered with a film to create a greenhouse effect. At the first shoots, seedlings begin to be actively watered. Seedlings are kept in the shade until they reach a height of 10-15 cm.
The cutting process is carried out in the spring. The cutting should be about 7-11 cm long. In a pre-prepared loose, fertile soil, the cuttings are immersed to a depth of 2-3 cm.
A container with seedlings is placed in a greenhouse. After a while, the rooting process should begin. It lasts up to about 6 months. Plantings need regular maintenance. The soil should not dry out completely in the container, but waterlogging is also not recommended.
Diseases and pests of Canadian pine
Canadian pine is rarely affected by diseases and pests. It mainly suffers from dryness, heat or too much sun. These cause yellowing and falling off of the needles. A prolonged drought is especially dangerous, leading to complete yellowing, and then to the deprivation of the needles of the tree.
Pine is suffering from drought
Canadian pine can be affected by spider mites. With a large number of pests between the needles, you can see a thin web. The needles turn brown and fall off.
A dangerous pest of Canadian fir is spruce aphid. These insects are difficult to spot as they are green, very small and feed on the underside of the needles. With a long absence of control, spruce aphids can cause the loss of needles in part or even on the entire plant. The first sign of these pests is the yellowing of the needles, which occurs in early spring.
To control aphids and mites on Canadian pine, use specialized pest control products,
The richness of varieties allows you to choose the best option for a particular design: from upright to weeping forms. However, it must be borne in mind that the plant does not like soils open to winds and the sun, it requires sufficient watering, but without stagnant water.