Green Fertilizer Features
Plants that are commonly referred to as Siderators come from different clans and therefore have different characteristics. For each type of soil, plants are suitable. Select plants in accordance with the terms of this place, given the illumination of the site, humidity and even the type of soil in the garden. Always alternating plants can be repeated in the introduction of green fertilizers in its garden.
Please note!Siderats are the perfect way to effectively grow high-quality and delicious products without chemistry. This old natural method of making agriculture is suitable for each gardener due to its effectiveness.
Preferably use green fertilizers on flower beds, in beds where vegetables are grown, and even in places where fruit plants grow. You can use several plant species or special mixtures for green fertilizers that can be bought in ordinary stores. It is not worth a lot of money and does not take too much time.
Plants are suitable for green fertilizers that form a strong root system, and are capable of creating thick overground parts in a short time. Green mass suitable for sealing in the soil will be achieved by about 4-6 weeks.
How does it work?
Many types of plants are suitable for green fertilizers, you can even buy mixtures intended for certain types of soils. Mixtures change every year. In those places that want to eat seed seeds, and as soon as they reach a certain height of them, and then close in the soil at a depth of 10 cm -20 cm. Low vegetation can be swapped.
Additional information!after closeing in green mass, about two or three weeks, you can start landing or sowing beneficial plants.
The result of a properly conducted process with green fertilizers will be improved the quality and structure of the soil, various important bioprocesses will be launched.
How to start sowing Siderats?
Fertilizers are sown mostly in spring or autumn. Ideally, their cultivation begin after harvest.
Green Fertilizer: Sowing
You can sow them from mid-September to October, and close in the soil in late autumn or early spring. Sail in the spring from March to April. The mass is shallowly close in the soil no later than the end of April when they begin to prepare the garden to the new season.
In the autumn, frost-resistant plants should be chosen, in the spring, prefer the quick-growing species. In the fall, grain is most often sourcing, for example, wintering rye, which is widely used to combat weeds.
Please note!when sowing in spring or autumn it is desirable to sow immediately in front of the rainy season. They significantly increase the speed and uniformity of germination of plants.
In the place where green fertilizers want to spend, first carefully remove all plant residues, weeds. Blow the soil by about 30 cm and smash it with robbles. Uniformly and thick distribute seeds or a special mixture for green fertilizers at the prepared area. Gently drive them into the soil with rakes and water the plot of a weak jet of water, trying not to wash the seeds. Hold the soil slightly wet over the next few days.
why are green fertilizers useful?
With each new culture in the garden, nutrients are lost from the soil. They are part of vegetables and fruits, make them delicious and nutritious. To grow them next season, it is necessary to re-enrich the soil with the necessary nutrients.
Sheet plants die after the first frosts, but their leaves cover the soil, which does not freeze on a greater depth, which is useful for microorganisms living in the soil. Thick sowing of soil plants prevents erosion and, in addition, prevents the suction of weed seeds.
Many plants that are commonly used as a sediment, abundantly bloom, and can attract bees and other useful insects to the garden. The soil covered with these plants is also protected from and intensive drying.
For each type of soil, plants are suitable. The growth rate of these plants is different. Very often, for this purpose, types from the legume family (Fabaceae) are used, which convert nitrogen from the air to the compounds acceptable for plants. It can be said that these plants fertilize soil with nitrogen. From specific species suitable: clover, vika, rape, mustard, buckwheat, peas, alfalfa, white lupine and many others.
Mustard: Green Fertilizer
Herbs: barley, oats, winter and long-term rye.
Herbs enrich the soil with an organic component, and their roots are aerated compacted.
Other winter crops: cabbage (radishes, mustard, etc.), buckwheat.
Buckwheat accumulates phosphorus, and cabbage plants with their long roots penetrate the soil layers and, thus, provide excellent soil aeration.
Each plant may have special requirements (which can be planted in this place). Some sites may have not only useful properties, but also have common diseases or pests. Always fertilize the beds with different types of plants. So, for example, you should not plant beans on the place where clover was. The fact is that the kindred types of plants dry the soil.
Green fertilizers from the family of cruciferous are very popular among producers, but some plants, such as mustard or rapeseeds, can transmit diseases affecting cruciferous vegetables, such as cauliflower, cabbage or kolrabi.
interesting !!you can use flowering plants for green fertilizers, such as popular velvets who sow from their own seeds.
Advantages of Green Fertilizers
Sideral fertilizers improve the quality and structure of the soil, help the development of beneficial microorganisms, prevent the washing of nutrients, ensure the best deduction of moisture, and also heal the soil. This greatly contributes to the formation of humus, that is, the increase in soil fertility:
- act as soil mulch – supports soil moisture and prevents drying;
- improves the structure – looseness: more air penetrates into the soil and better holds moisture;
- protects nutrients from leaching to lower layers of soil;
- lives the soil and thus increases fertility;
- in winter protects the soil from fast freezing;
- acts against erosion in the summer and winter.
Organic substances are very important for soil bacteria. If they are enough in the soil, the processes of decomposition go quickly and life in the soil is active.
The use of siturates allows to reduce, and sometimes even completely abandon the introduction into the soil of mineral fertilizers.