Garden in spring. Spring work in the garden

The garden season begins when nature slowly wakes up in spring, and you should think about how to properly prepare your garden for spring renewal. There are many things to do in the garden in the spring: loosening the soil, weeding, making compost, trimming ornamental plants, replanting flowers, herbs and vegetables, improving the development of the lawn.

Important tasks for preparing beds for spring planting

March is the first month of spring when, with the onset of warmer days, gardeners try to cope with many jobs. You may need to replace some plants, transplant others, or simply plant a new plant. How to prepare the soil in spring? Much attention must be paid to soil preparation. Spring work is carried out when the earth dries enough. First, they get rid of winter debris, remove the weeds that have appeared. Any organic waste collected from the site is best placed in a compost pit. Nutrient supply Spring is the best time to feed your plants, it is important to provide them with the necessary nutrients. After the soil is cleared of unwanted plants, fertilizers are applied.

Plant nutrition

You can use manure or chemical fertilizers. It is important to give preference to organic fertilizers over artificial ones. They can be combined, taking into account the characteristics of the land and the type of plant. The best all-purpose fertilizer is compost, as it contains all the important nutrients that plants need. Nitrogen fertilizers are ideal for spring nutrition. Ammonium nitrate is most effective on calcareous soil. The first dose of this type of fertilizer is applied 1-2 weeks before sowing, and mixed with the topsoil. Beautifully flowering plants provide a sufficient amount of phosphorus, potassium and trace elements. The next stage of spring work in the garden is loosening the soil In order for the plants in the garden to be healthy and able to extract from the ground as necessary nutrients, water and oxygen, the soil must be loosened periodically.

Note! However, now many experts believe that it is not necessary to dig up already used beds in the spring. Digging up the beds, useful and nutrients go deep into the soil, and its structure worsens. As a result, irreplaceable microorganisms die, seeds of various weeds are brought to the surface, where they begin to germinate.

It is ideal to prepare the soil in the fall and leave it covered with mulch for the winter. In the spring, when the mulch is raked, the soil underneath will be loose.

What to do with the lawn in spring?

After the snow melts, special attention should be paid to the lawn. They rake last year’s grass. The surface of the lawn is leveled, sprinkled with sand and seeds are planted in areas where there is no grass. This can be done from the end of April, when the weather is warm enough and there is enough rainfall.   Spring lawn care [/ caption] A prerequisite for a beautiful and well-groomed lawn is the removal of weeds. Weeding is carried out in spring and summer, removing weeds by hand. The demand for water and nutrients is increasing. The amount and frequency of watering depends on the temperature and the type of lawn. It is always a good idea to schedule watering early in the morning or late in the evening so that there is less moisture loss due to evaporation.

Additional information ! For lawn fertilization, organic fertilizers that are safe for the environment, people and pets are preferable. The frequency and amount of fertilizer depends on soil type, weather conditions and lawn type.

In the spring, it is good to aerate the soil after the first mowing to help reduce the compaction it has received over the winter months. Home lawn aeration can be done with a pitchfork, making small holes in the ground. This will result in better absorption of water and fertilizer.

Pruning trees and berry bushes

Pruning trees

Most trees are recommended to be planted around April-May. At the beginning of the season, they start pruning trees and dividing perennials. How to prune trees? For some trees, pruning is one of the spring gardening jobs. If the crown of trees and shrubs is thickened, get rid of excess branches by cutting them with garden shears or a saw. It is necessary to remove all diseased, dry and weak shoots, branches clinging to each other, as well as directed inward or downward.

Additional Information! It is useful for trees that their branches allow sunlight to pass through, and that various diseases and pests cannot spread between them. Therefore, the branches should not touch each other. Be sure to remove the shoots that appear at the base of the trees and weaken them.

This gardening work should be done before the buds begin to swell. Early pruning reduces possible negative effects. Apple trees, pears are pruned in February-March. Stone fruit trees: cherries, plums, peaches, etc. should be pruned a little later, around March-April. From April, green fences can be trimmed to keep their shape. In young trees in the first years, the size and shape of the crown is determined by pruning. The surface of the cut with a diameter of more than 2 centimeters is best treated with a special tool. It is necessary, carefully, so as not to damage the roots, to dig the soil in a circle. This is done both to destroy possible pests and infections, and to improve the quality of the soil. In late March-early April, winter shelter is removed from roses. All old, dry, weak and frozen shoots should be removed from all rose bushes so that the plant does not waste its strength on them. Perennials are also worth a look. Cut off any damaged or wilted branches. In addition, spring garden work includes hedge trimming. In the spring, spraying should be carried out before the development of the kidneys, since at this time the pests are already active. Spraying is carried out with the appropriate knowledge and means of protection.


Planting flowers in the spring
Seedlings of pepper

When the soil warms up to 6-7 degrees, you can start planting some types of garden plants. Spring is the right time for this. From April, you can start planting shrubs, evergreens, fruit and garden trees. It’s time to choose the vegetables to grow. Vegetable seeds should usually be sown from April. Potatoes, bulbs, garlic are planted at this time. In late April-early May, strawberries and other berry crops can be planted. The second half of April is a good time for sowing cold-resistant crops of radish, dill, parsley, etc.

Sowing seedlings Seedlings are obtained from seeds, and then tomatoes, peppers, eggplants and cucumbers are planted in open ground in late spring. These plants are frost-tolerant, so they can only be transplanted after the last frost.

Sow seeds in spring and get seedlings of pepper or tomato in a heated room. Seeds collected in the garden or bought at the store are sown in seedling pots. Grow small seedlings on the window, under the film or in the greenhouse before planting.

Flowerbed care Flowerbeds must be cleaned of plant and other debris and well weeded. Rock gardens are cleaned and shaped. Weeds, as well as dried plants, are removed, and others are planted in their place. Plants that remain must be properly cut and their dry parts removed.


Planting flowers in the spring
In the spring, various plants are sown that will bloom in summer or autumn. In March, you can basically plant or transplant perennials. April and the first days of May are ideal times for sowing. As the weather warms up, you can plant bulbous flowers, sow or plant fragrant kitchen plants such as basil, mint, thyme, spearmint, and many more. In time, and after planting, the soil should be watered abundantly to give young plants the opportunity to adapt and take root well. It is useful to cover the flower beds with mulch to prevent the growth of weeds and loss of moisture in the soil. Covering the bare ground with a variety of ground cover materials such as small pebbles helps in both aesthetically improving the rock garden and conserving the soil. You need to wait until sprouts appear before mulching. Otherwise, they most likely won’t grow. Spring work in the garden and in the garden is a fascinating and interesting activity. The appearance of the site, the quality and quantity of the future harvest depend on how to carry out these works.