Features of fruit trees for small gardens. How and what to plant a small area?
Because of the limited space ideal planting small fruit trees. They grow more slowly than their larger cousins, have a low stem and small or narrow crown. The first fruits can often be collected in the second year.
Fruit trees and shrubs, in addition to the delicious fruits, can create a variety of compositions, decorating the garden landscape. They may be put in a separate part of the area or place around the garden near ornamental plants.
Additional information!With a small garden should not refuse to fruits and berries. Modern varieties have larger fruits, produce higher yields, better kept and have a more attractive appearance vid.Chtoby home admire the beautiful roses without pests and diseases, it is necessary to pay attention to the proper care conditions. The result of careful care of roses – foliage looks healthy, plants adorn the lush flowers
When choosing fruit trees and shrubs for small garden is necessary to consider requirements for the types of fruits, the conditions of their habitat. The number of trees planted portion is dependent on the size and shape of the plant growth.
When cultivated fruit species, whether trees or shrubs, you need to know that this issue is not just one season. Almost all plants, except for some varieties of strawberries, will rise on the site until a few years will give the first crop. We need to wait a few years (3-5).
To in the season it was always fresh and delicious fruits, pick a combination of species and cultivars with the gradual maturation.
The most suitable are apples and pears, which is easy to shape. Since these trees will be the highest in the garden, place them on the north side of the garden so that they can be less than the lower shaded views.
Fruit on “post»
Separate group of columnar type. They have a clear trunk and very short lateral branches. Short internodes give a slight increase in height. Crown does not exceed 60-80 cm in diameter. They can be grown not only in gardens but also in pots on the terrace and balcony.
Columnar several varieties are more susceptible to frost than “normal”, so young fruit trees standing in front of winter mulch to protect.
Additional information!The formation of fruit trees-good way to reduce their size. They can create an original hedge.
Columnar varieties meet the same requirements as the classic apple.
- to plant them in rows at a distance of about 50 cm.
- To bring the harvest they start very early, from one to two years after planting (depending on the size of the sapling).
- The height depending on the base and the location of about 2.5-3 m, making it easier to harvest and care.
- Low pruning action (remove the longer side shoots, which may appear on the trunk in August).
- It is very fertile.
- Large ornamental value of fruits.
- a new generation of varieties are becoming more resilient, especially to scab, in some cases, and to powdery mildew.
- A small crop: Crop plants are not required, and the central axis must not be shortened in the first six or eight years.
Grafted onto the trunk of a currant and gooseberry chokeberry interesting look, resembling a miniature tree with spherical crown.
Note!In this case, however, it should be borne in mind that, except for apples, other fruits do not yet have genetically columnar growth.
Berry bushes for a small garden
Bushes berry plants take up little space, so are ideal for a small garden. In turn, the planted rows of currants, raspberries or blackberries can replace the traditional hedge.
Due to the extremely tasty and healthy fruits plant and blueberries. Just do not forget to prepare a place for it with an acidic soil.
Yellow and black raspberries – an interesting addition. They bring delicious fruits, which (in the black variety) contains a lot of anthocyanins (five times more than red raspberries) and have a very high antioxidant properties.
Vine growing on an arbor healthy, does not freeze well and yields a harvest. From it you can make a shelter on the terrace.
Two varieties on one tree
Trees that bring different results, especially practical for small gardens, where it is often not enough space for large or multiple trees. Apple, pear or cherry trees need suitable partners nearby for pollination. If a tree is the right sort of pollinator, it is especially practical in small gardens. If there is only room for one tree, you can instill one rootstock two different varieties. On cherry tree cherry grow both cherry and apple hang on the red and yellow apples. These two varieties pollinate each other, so high yield is guaranteed.
By choosing varieties for the garden plants take into account not only the suitability of the site, but also the resistance to grow. This will save a lot of time to care and treatment. You also need to prepare for the regular cutting of that sort were columnar.
Because of its height it is ideal for small gardens, but even in this case, you can play with space. Strawberry – a kind of fruit that can not be missed in any garden. To save space, you can grow it with young apple trees, or in boxes, hanging on a wall or fence.
In small gardens the best fit undersized varieties grafted on dwarf rootstocks so-called. Often they do not exceed 2 m. High and begin to bear fruit faster than the tall varieties. An interesting group – dwarf varieties of fruit trees. They are characterized by short internodes and slower growth, which leads to the formation of small crowns. These types are designed primarily for decorative purposes, although they still bring some fruit every year and bear fruit the second year after planting.
Very interesting to look plants formed so that their flat crown (mostly apples and pears). In the small garden you can plant them against a wall or build rows. Trees with flat crown spanned by the special design (often varieties of apple and pear) may hide terrace, separate entrance zone.
Of fruit species most common dwarf varieties of peaches (Bonanza, Honey Gold, Honey Red) and nectarines (Rubis, Balkonella), dwarf plum (Buhler, Robusto), pears (Garden Pearl, Sunrise), apples (Delegrina, Corquella, Garden Gold , Granny Green), apricots (Aprigold), cherries (Garden Bing) and cherries (Piedmont, Carmine Jewel).
Fruit Trees on the balcony and terrace
Miniature fruit trees are designed specifically for growing in pots on balconies and terraces. They grow up to 1.5 meters in height and form small beautiful crown. They are very decorative during flowering and fruiting. Sometimes on one rootstock grafted two varieties differing in the color of the fruit.
At the end of the season, they should be protected from frost. Plants in pots can be transferred to a cold room, and if you spend the winter on the street – to wrap the container and cover with a crown.
The fruit trees and bushes – how to plant and care
Some fruit trees and shrubs give better yields if pollinated by pollen from another plant. Therefore it is necessary to plant several different varieties or choose self-pollinating.
Place for fruit trees and shrubs should be sunny. The soil is permeable, moist, but not wet with a high content of humus. Fruit trees and shrubs is better not to plant in-depth site.
It should be added in the garden soil or compost manure. In subsequent years, the plants should also provide these fertilizers in the spring. Only for fertilizers of the American blueberry that grows on acidic soil, it is best to use a special fertilizer, as they regulate the acidity of the soil.
Young plants should be watered regularly, older, well-rooted – only during prolonged drought (Actinidia, blueberries and cranberries like constantly moist soil).
Important treatment – crop shoots. Remove the old, the sick, damaged branches.
Choose varieties that are resistant to diseases and pests. The private garden is better not to use chemicals. Plants need to constantly check for signs of disease or pests and, if necessary, remove the infected parts of the plant. On sale there and ecological plant protection drugs, but they are not as effective as synthetic liquids. They work if you use them regularly, as soon as the first symptoms of the infection.